Mudasir Irfan Dar*, Fareed Ahmad Khan and Farha Rehman

E-mail | irfanmudasir@gmail.com

...ve enzymes; superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), ascorbate peroxidase (APX) and glutathione reductase (GR) were assessed. Imidacloprid enhanced malondi- aldehyde (MDA) and proline contents over their respective controls at all doses and growth stages observed, attaining maximum with 40 grams Imidacloprid active ingredient per hectare-1 at day 15 after treatment. The antioxidative enzyme activity of SOD, APX and GR showed increasing trend in a dose-depen...

Laila M. Fadda1, Nouf M. Al-Rasheed1, Iman H. Hasan1, Hanaa M. Ali2,3*, Nawal M. Al-Rasheed1,4, Musaed Al-Fayez5, Aly M. Ahmed5, Nada Almutlaq1, Nehal Qasem1 and Reem Khalaf1

...oxide (NO), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and lipid peroxides (LP) levels were estimated. Moreover these biochemical parameters were confirmed by histopathological examination using hemotoxylin and eosin (H&E) and Mason trichrome stains (MTC). Immunohistochemical investigations for the expression of the proapoptotic protein (Bax) and the expression of macrosialin cluster of differentiation (CD68). APAP elevated of most of the previously measured parameters an...

G.E. Odo1*, E.J. Agwu1, N.I. Ossai2, C.O. Ezea3, J. Madu1 and V. Eneje2

..., catalase, superoxide dismutase, reduced glutathione, alkaline phosphatase (ALP), alanine aminotransferase (AST) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST). Similarly, aluminium phosphide enhanced levels of AST, ALT and ALP as both concentration and time dependent in elevation were recorded when compared to the control. The use of aluminium phosphide in agricultural fields near water bodies should be strongly monitored in view of the observed effects on this catfis...

Shazia Irfan1*, Asima Rani1, Muhammad Arshad2 and Razia Bashir1

...the role of Superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1) gene polymorphism [rs2070424 (–251A/G)] in RA and to compare the levels of metals and minerals among its various genotypes in RA patients. A total of 400 individuals including age and gender matched healthy individuals (control group) and RA patients were genotyped. Detection of rs2070424 polymorphism was carried out using allele specific PCR based amplification strategy. The serum samples were analyzed for deter...

Furukh Faiz1,2, Muhammad Issa Khan2, Masood Sadiq2 and Haq Nawaz3

...vity of the superoxide dismutase, catalase and glutathione peroxidase in the broiler blood was increased as the citrus waste level in the feed of the broilers was increased. The citrus waste addition in the feed of the broiler have non-significant effects on the growth parameters, however it has positive effects on the antioxidant enzymes profile of the broilers.

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Asmatullah Kaka2, Wahid Haron1,*, Rosnina Yusoff 1, Nurhusien Yimer1,  A.M Khumran1, Akeel Ahmed Memon2, Kazhal Sarsaifi1 andMahdi Ebrahimi3
...sition and super oxide dismutase (SOD). Sperm characteristics such as sperm motility, viability, morphology, membrane integrity, and acrosome integrity were decreased in treated groups. DHA concentration was increased in all supplemented groups. Whereas ALA decreased in all groups except at 5ng/ml DHA was increased linearly by increasing supplementation of fatty acids. In conclusion, combination of ALA and DHA did not improve frozen-thawed bull sperm parameter...

 Zeenat Bano1,*, Sajid Abdullah1, Waqas Ahmad2, Muhammad Anjum Zia3 and Wardah Hassan1

...i.e. superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and peroxidase (POD) in vital organs (gills, liver and kidney) of fish, Cirrhina mrigala. The 3 different representative water samples and 60 fish samples (20 fish from each site) were collected from three sites i.e. fish-farm, hatchery and Indus River of Punjab, Pakistan. The results showed differences in physico-chemical parameters of water samples collected from all the sites. The concentr...
Pei-feng Yin1,2,Xiu-xiu Li1,Qi-wei Zeng3, Cheng-chen Shen1, Le Gao1 andJian-zhang Ton2,*
...ncluding Mn-superoxide dismutase and thaumatin-like protein. The results means that mulberry young fruits can regulate the expression levels of multiple proteins to reply popcorn disease and these pathogenesis-related proteins provide valuable information to further study the pathogenesis of popcorn disease and disease-resistant molecular breeding in mulberry.
...

Soraya Khosravian Dehordi*, Abdolnaser Mohebbi and Kahin Shahanipour

...ces (TBARS),superoxide dismutase (SOD) glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and catalase (CAT) values in spleen were measured. An increase in TBARS and PC levels was obtained in rats' spleen of the Cd-group than controls and nano-Se decreased this effect close to the control. The CAT values of all groups did not differ significantly. The values of SOD and GPx were reduced in splenic tissue of Cd-intoxicated rats, but the nano-Se was able improve these undesirable effe...

 Tasawar Sultana*, Farah Deeba* and S.M. Saqlan Naqvi*

HIGH-THROUGHPUT AGROBACTERIUM-MEDIATED TRANSFORMATION OF MEDICAGO TRUNCATULA IN COMPARISON TO TWO EXPRESSION VECTORS
...gh level of Superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity in transformed progeny. 

...
Anum Rafique, Sajid Abdullah, Khalid Abbas, Huma Naz* and Wardah Hassan
...search work Superoxide dismutase (SOD) enzyme from the kidneyof silver carp(Hypophthalmichthys molitrix) was studied. Fish was divided into two groups. One group kept under chronic exposure of metals mixture (Pb+Cr) for 15 days and other group of fish was kept under controlled conditions. Partial purification of SOD was done by Ammonium sulphate precipitation. Ion-exchange column chromatography was used to purify enzyme for further partial characterizat...
Kaori Sasaoka1, Takahiro Kataoka1, Norie Kanzaki1, Yusuke Kobashi1, Akihiro Sakoda2, Yuu Ishimori2 and Kiyonori Yamaoka1,*
...ced and the superoxide dismutase content was increased, suggesting that this combination might have a protective effect against the CDDP-induced renal damage. The supportive effect of radon inhalation shows its good potential as a candidate treatment to alleviate CDDP-induced renal damage in veterinary medicine.
...
Song Jiang1,2, Fa-lin Zhou1, Qi-bin Yang1, Jian-hua Huang1, Li-shi Yang1 and Shi-gui Jiang1*
...production, superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity, glutathione (GSH) and adenosine triphosphate (ATP) concentration, as well as nitric oxide synthase (NOS) activity and nitric oxide (NO) concentration catalyzed by NOS. Based on biochemical analysis of the above, results showed that O2- production could be induced significantly after cold stress at 15°C and heat stress above 30°C. SOD activity showed a similar changing profile as the...
A.M. Abdul Azeem, A.N. El Shahat* and Ashraf M. Mounir
...activity of superoxide dismutase activity and catalase activity of the liver and testes of lead-intoxicated rats. In conclusion GPE could ameliorate the damage and apoptotic effects occurred by exposure to toxic dose of lead.
...

Muhammad Aslam Rajput1,3, Imtiaz Ahmed Khan2, Rehana Naz Syed3 and Abdul Mubeen Lodhi3* 

...xt-align: justify;">Whip smut of sugarcane is one of the most important and destructive diseases of sugarcane, occurred in almost all sugarcane producing regions of the world. Its incidence could effectively be minimized by planting smut resistant cultivars. For evaluating a large number of propagative materials; standardized germplasm screening protocols as well as optimized inoculation techniques are required. The pathogen...

 Huma Naz1,*, Sajid Abdullah2, Khalid Abbas2 and Muhammad Anjum Zia3

... mixture on superoxide dismutase (SOD) from kidney of Labeo rohita exposed to sub-lethal concentration for 14 days was evaluated. After purification, specific activity of enzyme was 1750.13 and 1272.72 U mg-1 in kidney of metal exposed and control fish, respectively. The enzyme from metal exposed kidney was 2.68 fold purified with 58.73 % age recovery. Results of characterization showed that SOD had broad range of pH from 4 to 8.5 but show ma...

 Şaban Çelebi

...e (GSH-Px), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) in liver, heart, breast and thigh tissues of laying hens were determined in present study. A total of 96 White Lohman laying hens, aged 24 weeks, were randomly divided into 4 groups (n=24), each of which was composed of 6 subgroups. The control group received the basal diet (T-1), treatment groups were fed on the the basal diet plus the three experimental diets included one of the followings: 125 mg/kg ...

 Mahroze Fatima1*, Muhammad Afzal2 and Syed Zakir Hussain Shah3

...reduced the superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase and glutathione peroxidase activities, which were increased by feeding high vitamin dosages. Supplementation of vitamin E decreased the saturated fatty acids (SFA) and monoenes while increased the poly unsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) compared to control group. Similarly, eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), docosapentaenoic acid (DPA), docosahexanoic acid (DHA), total n-3 PUFA and total n-6 PUFA, arachidonic acid (ARA)/E...
Huma Naz1,*, Sajid Abdullah2, Khalid Abbas2, Wardah Hassan3, Moazama Batool4, Shakeela Perveen5, Sadia Maalik4 and Sajida Mushtaq4
...nzymes viz. superoxide dismutase, peroxidase, catalase and glutathione S-transferase in different organs (liver, gills, kidney, brain, heart and muscle) of fish, Labeo rohita. The LC50 of chlorpyrifos+endosulfan mixture was calculated as 1.95±0.02 μgL-1 for 96 h with the 95% confidence limits. The fish expose to the mixture (1:1) for 96-h. The results obtained from this study showed that superoxide di
Ailing Huang, Lingyu Meng, Wei Zhang, Junyan Liu, Guangyao Li, Huihua Tan, Wen Lu and Xialin Zheng*
...activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD) was promoted by beta-cypermethrin and chlorpyrifos, and inhibited by abamectin and bisultap; Activity of catalase (CAT) was promoted by beta-cypermethrin, chlorpyrifos and bisultap, inhibited the influence of promotion by thiamethoxam. Results suggested that P. flammans larvae could be effectively controlled by beta-cypermethrin 10 mg/L and abamectin 25 mg/L with alternate spray, which could prevent the resistance ...
Yuyu Wang, Gangchun Xu*, Zhijuan Nie, Quanjie Li, Nailin Shao and Pao Xu*
...tase (ALP), superoxide dismutase (SOD), cortisol and lysozyme in serum showed no significant differences between the two stocking groups (P>0.05). Fish reared at high stocking density had significant lower total protein (TP), cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG) and glucose (Glu) content in serum compared with those reared at low density on day 90 and 120 (P<0.05). In conclusion, the present results indicated that the largemouth bass (36-308...
Zeynep Soyer Sarıca1*, Meryem Eren2 and Meryem Senturk2
...tivities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) enzymes were estimated in the brain tissues of the Sprague Dawley rats. Compared to the control groups, a significant increase in the brain tissue MDA level of the group which received only 10 mg/kg K2Cr2O7 was observed, whereas no statistically significant change was detected in SOD, CAT and GSH-Px enzyme activities. It was further obser...
Nouf Alharbi*, Mai Elobeid and Promy Virk
...e (CAT) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity in liver, malondialdehyde (MDA) levels in liver and serum, and histopathological evaluation of liver and kidney. Results showed that low dose of quercetin was significantly (p≤0.05) more effective than the high dose. Low dose was more efficacious in reducing Cd accumulation in the tissues, reversing the effects of Cd toxicity on blood profile, and on the CAT and SOD activity in the liver and decreased the MDA ...
Qi Ren, Shufeng Sun, Chen Niu, Yuhong Li, Yingzhi Chong, Biao Li, Guoying Zheng and Fumin Feng*

 

... assay kit; superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity and malonaldehyde (MDA) concentration were detected by a total superoxide dismutase test kit and a malondialdehyde test kit. Genomic DNA and RNA were extracted from cells; Methylation was inhibited by treating HL7702 cells with 5-aza-2’-deoxycytidine (AZA), and the level was analyzed via the methylation-specific PCR (MSP) methods. The increases in the methylation rate of ...
Mo Chen1, Shad Mahfuz1, 2, Yan Cui1, Liying Jia1, Zhongjun Liu3 and Hui Song1, 4*
...serum total superoxide dismutase (T-SOD) in among experimental groups. Yolk antioxidant T-AOC and T-SOD were significantly higher (P<0.05) in 4%FVS than the control group and antibiotic fed groups; MDA was significantly lower (P<0.05) in FVS fed groups than antibiotic group and control fed groups. Mushroom stembase can be used as a dietary supplement at 6% level to improve the antioxidant capacity of serum and egg yolk in ISA Brown laying hens.

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Fariha Latif1*, Muhammad Javed2, Hammad Ahmad Khan2 and Khalil-Ur-Rehman3
...nzymes viz. superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and peroxidase (POD). The Pb exposure caused a significant time and dose dependent increase in the SOD and POD activities in selected tissues of C. mrigala while a significant decrease in the CAT activity was also observed. Liver showed a significantly higher activity of all the three enzymes that could be due to its actively metabolic nature. Pb can inhibit the functional properties of CAT by disru...

Awais Ahmed Khan1*, Zafar Iqbal1 and Muhammad Atiq2 

...dase (POD), Superoxide dismutase (SOD), and total phenolic contents. Salicylic acid showed highest POD activity (8.4 U/min g protein), SOD (6.96 U/ min g protein) and TPC (3.21 mg GAE/ 100g of sample) as compared to control where POD (1.13 U/min g protein), SOD (1.46 U/ min g protein), and TPC (1.14 mg GAE/ 100g of sample). Amount of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), the signaling molecule was also significantly increased (30.33 mmol/ mg FW) and catalase (CAT) was hig...
Kadry A. El-Bakry1, Lamiaa E.M. Deef1*, Lotfy Z. Habbak1 and Samia S. El-Naeli2
...activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD) enzyme. On the other hand, in patuilin injected rats and treated with ginger, the activity of ALT, AST and SOD were improved and level of MDA was decreased significantly. The liver and kidney tissues showed markers of improvement after treatment the patulin rats with ginger. In conclusion, treatment with ginger can protect liver and kidney form the toxicity induced by patuilin.
...
Ju Zhang1,2, Dong-Sheng Jia3, Shi-Hao Zhao1,2, Xiao-Liang Xie3, Hong Chen4 and Hai-Feng Li4,*

 

... as well as superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) activities.We observed that HGQ exerted little effect on the growth of wild-type N2 nematodes at concentration < 0.6 mg/ml, and 0.05 mg/ml of the HGQ significantly prolonged the lifespan and reduced the lipofuscin level in N2 nematodes. However, the HGQ failed to influence the pharyngeal pumping rate in N2 nematodes or to affect the lifespan of sir-2.1 mutant nema...
Derya Kocamaz* and Elif Oruc
...ase (EROD), superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione S-transferase (GST), glutathione (GSH) and protein carbonil (PCO) increased in comparison to the control. After the recovery period, EROD, GST, malondialdehyde, estradiol/testosterone levels were found to be lower than the control. In the pesticide mixture group, the activity of antioxidant enzymes was highest and the level of hormones was lowered. The group of the mixture pesticide showed the highest lipid p...
Mehtap Bayir*
...ze: small;">Superoxide dismutases are the best-known enzymatic antioxidants because of their central role in the antioxidant defense system. In this study, the phylogeny, gene structure, and conserved gene synteny of sod1 and sod2 genes in fugu—a model organism—were determined. Maximum amino acid similarity identity was found between putative fugu Sod1 and Sod2 proteins and their orthologs from teleost fish and tetrapods. Phylogenetic...
Xuhui Zhang1, Zhiyuan Sun2, Jinfeng Cai1, Guibin Wang1, Zunling Zhu1, Linguo Zhao3 and Fuliang Cao1,*
...serum total superoxide dismutase (T-SOD) activity of birds from group FR3 was significantly increased (42d) compared with NF group. Additionally, the expression of antioxidant enzyme genes including nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2), heme oxygenase 1 (HO-1), SOD, and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) were improved by FR supplemented into the broiler diets. Based on these results, FR could be acted as a beneficial feed additive with antiox...

Ahmad Naeem Shahzad1, Muhammad Kamran Qureshi2, Samee Ullah1, Muhammad Latif3, Shakeel Ahmad1 and Syed Asad Hussain Bukhari1* 

...nt enzymes (superoxide dismutase, peroxidase and catalase) in plant leaves were increased in response to salt stress. Treatment of stressed plants with trehalose considerably improved the growth attributes and reduced the activities of antioxidant enzymes, indicating its ameliorative role in salt stress alleviation. However, no improvement was noted in K+ and Na+ dynamics by trehalose application. In conclusion, trehalose plays a key role in survival of plants...
Aamir Mushtaq1,2, Rukhsana Anwar1 and Mobasher Ahmad1,2,* 
...levation in superoxide dismutase (17.36 ± 0.49 U/mg), catalase (1.42 ± 0.05 U/mg) glutathione (37.56 ± 1.89 μ mol/mg) and reduction in malondialdehyde (7.83 ± 0.21 n mol/mg) level was observed in group receiving 800mg/kg of mep.a as compared to amnesic group. Pimpinella anisum thus improved memory in mice by preventing oxidative stres...
Yuhong Li1, Dongxue Wu1, Xue Wang1, Mi Zhang1, Hanyu Zhu1, Zhe Shi1 and Fumin Feng1,2*
...activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD) gradually decreased, suggesting that oxidative stress reaction occurred in all drug groups. Compared with the baseline group, the mRNA and protein levels of NF-κB and TNF-α in the H group showed an increasing trend, and p-NF-κB and p-IκB also showed an increasing trend. However, these indicators increased first and then slightly decreased in the R, Z and HRZ groups. Among them, the significant chan...

Haiyan Yang1, Hongxia Liu1, Wenlong Wu1*, Weilin Li2 and Lianfei Lyu

...tivities of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and peroxidase (POD) in leaves of ‘Hull Thornless’ were investigated. In the treatment group, water stress significantly increased EL, and the accumulation of photosynthetic pigments, protein, soluble sugar, H2O2 and MDA. After re-watering, all of those parameters showed decreases of different degree. LWC was significantly decreased in response to drought treatment. However, after 5 days of re-watering, the LW...

Mazhar Abbas1*, Kishwar Jam1, Rashid Iqbal Khan1, Muhammad Zafar-ul-Hye2, Tariq Rafique3 and Zahid Mahmood

...y upgrading superoxide dismutase activity (64.42 U mg-1 protein), peroxidase activity (1.90 µmol min-1 g-1 protein), catalase activity (37.81 nmol-1 g-1 protein) and protein (6.28 mg g-1 fresh weight) contents. These commercial plant products based on amino acids enriched macro and micronutrients as well as acetyl-salicylic acid combined with ascorbic acid can be used carefully for expecting efficient productivity with high quality produce. 

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Yaqiu Liu1, Zhijian Wang 2, Xinhui Li 1*, Jianrong Zhao2 and Weitao Chen 1
...e (CAT) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity in the gill and gut in P. dabryanus were examined in all three groups after the 7 d stress acclimation, 1 d later, and after a 3 d recovery. It was found that CAT and SOD activity in the gill, foregut, and midgut in the air-exposed group were much lower than in the control group. After recovery for 1 d, CAT activity in the gill and middle gut increased rapidly and was higher than in the inhibited and contr...
Jin-Juan Wan, Mei-Fang Shen*, Hui Xue, Hong-Yan Liu, Mei-Qin Zhang, Xi-He Zhu and Chong-Hua Wang

 

... (Glu), and superoxide dismutase (SOD) among all groups (P>0.05). The cumulative mortality in F3 was significantly lower than that of the other groups at d4 after challenge (P<0.05). In conclusion, both low and high feeding frequencies could cause stress of juvenile Procambarus clarkia and the optimal feeding frequency to enhance growth and immunity of this species at juvenile stage is 3 times/day.
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Muhammad Rashid, Mahmood Ahmad Sajid, Nosheen Noor Elahi, Sibgha Noreen and Kausar Hussain Shah*
 
...ty F23. The superoxide dismutase (SOD), peroxidase (POD) and catalase (CAT) activities were improved in all wheat varieties in a water shortage. The variety F23 exhibited higher antioxidants levels which are positively associated with its potential of drought stress tolerance. This study provided a helpful understanding of the significant role of the antioxidant defense system of wheat crop especially the variety F23 in drought stress tolerance. 
...
Eman A. Al-Shahari1,2, Abdelhalim A. Alkhazendar3, Eman R. ElBealy4 and Abeer A. Alm-Eldeen3*
...ease in the superoxide dismutase activity, testosterone level and sperm count and viability. Seminiferous tubules diameters were 84.3 ± 5.6 µm and their epithelium heights were 21.2 ± 3.4 µm. Only spermatogonia that were positively reacted with proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA). After quercetin administration, they showed an improvement in the previous biochemical parameters. Seminiferous tubule diameters were 105.2 ± 2...
Yawang Sun, Yongjiang Wu, Jingbo Chen, Zili Wang, Juncai Chen, You Yang and Guozhong Dong*
...activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD) increased with increasing LPS concentrations. Gene expression of antioxidants including SOD, NADPH-quinone oxidoreductase 1, and hemeoxygenase 1 were significantly increased at the LPS concentrations of 12.5 and 100 ng/mL. Both Fanconi Anemia complementation group D2 protein and Fanconi Anemia complementation group L had significantly higher gene expression at 100 ng/mL LPS level. The protein expression of phosphorylated ...

Mai A. Kilany1; Hanaa H.A. Gomaa1; Yousry E. Abo El-magd2 and Nermin Raafat2.

.... Manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) is a nuclear-encoded antioxidant enzyme that neutralizes free radicals. Val16Ala single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) is one of the most widely investigated SNPs in the MnSOD gene, where C to T transition resulting in the con-version of valine to alanine at amino acid 16 within the mitochondrial signaling se-quence. This study was designed to investigate the association of MnSOD gene SNP (Val16Ala) with HCV and HCV-rela...

Dilan Ozmen Ozgun1, Gonca Alak2, Arzu Ucar2, Sinan Bilginer3, Halise Inci Gul3, Mahmut Kocaman2, Cem Yamalı3, Veysel Parlak2, Muhammed Atamanalp2, Ahmad Maslat4 and Telat Yanık2*

.... Catalase, superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase activities were decreased, while MDA values increased significantly (p<0.05) in gill and liver of fish compared to control group. SOD activity was time dependent; it decreased initially, but then take increased. WBC, MCV, MCH and MCHC levels increased, while RBC Hb, Htc and PLT levels decreased with increasing dose from 0.25 to 2.5 mg/L of B4 (p<0.05) compared to control. There were no dif...
Mengke Wang1, Shucheng Huang2, Cai Zhang1*, Haizhou Gong1
Shunan Cuan1, Shuaishuai Wang1, Qi Shao1, Wenhao Xu1, Sudan Meng1
Pengfei Li1, Yuqin Wang1 and Zijun Yang1
...ty of total superoxide dismutase (T-SOD) (p<0.05), slightly increased the activities of total antioxidant capacity (T-AOC) (p>0.05) and catalase (CAT) (p>0.05). And the concentrations of malondialdehyde (MDA) were reduced in MAG groups, yet the differences were not significant (p>0.05). Notably, Liver weight, liver index, and triglyceride (TG) content were diminished significantly compared with the control group (p<0.05). These results demonstra...

Muhammad Aftab1*, Aneela Riaz2, Ghulam Sarwar3, Muhammad Arif1, Qudsia Nazir1, Ifra Saleem1, Sarfraz Hussain1, Abid Ali4, Abid Niaz1, Fakhar Mujeeb4, Khalid Mahmood5 and Sarfraz Nawaz6

...e (POD) and superoxide dismutase (SOD). Under combined stress conditions agronomic, bio-chemical, quality and over all yield reduces, which is an alarming situation for agriculture sector. To assess the K effect on bio-chemical and agronomic characteristics of selected cotton crop varieties, a lysimeter study was carried out under combined stresses(Salinity and B) conditions. There were two varieties of cotton crop used in this research, such as, 1) FH-114, wh...
Congfen Zhang1,Yingxiao Liu2, Linfeng He2, Fengjun Shi2, Weitang Yao2 and Xuegang Luo2,*
...tivities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), and catalase (CAT) as well as their corresponding mRNA levels in the fat bodies of the pupae were evaluated. As a result, we found that the contents of MDA were increased at 4 h and then decreased compared with control. And, the contents of GSH were decreased gradually. However, the activities of catalase were inhibited and the trend of SOD activity changes was down-regulation in a time-dependent manner with higher conce...

Faryal Malik, Mudassar Nawaz Khan* and Israr-ud-Din

...alase; CAT, superoxide dismutase; SOD, and peroxidase; POD) levels. Wheat varieties were grown for 15 days, flooded for 6 days and then recovered for 8 days after removal of flooding stress. The shoot pigmentations were suppressed as they turned pale under flooding stress but recovered to green when observed at the end of recovery period. The morphological parameters of shoot & root lengths and weights were suppressed in flooded seedlings, but recovered du...

A.M. Abdul Azeem, Ashraf M. Mounir and Amr N. El-Shahat*

...ydrogenase, superoxide dismutase and catalase) in the group of alloxan (150 mg/kg B.WT)-administrated rats as compared to control group. Treatment of diabetic rats with GPSDP (1 g/kg B.Wt/day/ 8 weeks) resulted in significant reduction of glucose level and lipid-peroxidation with amelioration of hormonal disturbance and enhancement of testicular antioxidant status with relative to alloxan-induced diabetic group. Therefore, this study concluded that γ-irr...

Syukriah Syukriah1, Ulinnuha Nur Faizah2, Hendry T.S. Saragih3*, Rizki Fitrawan Yuneldi4, Soenarwan Hery Poerwanto5, Raden Roro Upiek Ngesti Wibawaning Astuti5, Stephan Immenschuh6 

...t, also the superoxide dismutase activities. As supporting data the histological analysis of the mother’s and offspring’s liver and spleen were prepared by using the paraffin method. There were sigificant results in the parasites levels and the increase in P. berghei infection followed an increase of oxidative stress in mothers and offspring mouse in the treatment and control groups. The liver and spleen of mothers have been affected with P. berghe...

Juliet N. Ozioko1, Obinna V. Ayogu2, Benjamin O. Ezema1, Dilibe C. Uramah3 and Kingsley O. Omeje*,1

... Similarly, superoxide dismutase and catalase showed no significant increase after the period of study.

...

Fujun Miao1, Chunlan Shan2, Wei Yang3, Hao Wang3, Shuxiang Geng1 and Delu Ning1*

...tivities of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) in the liver of ALD. Walnut oil exerted the anti-inflammatory effects in the liver of ALD by decreasing the liver index, malondialdehyde (MDA) contents, and the expression levels of F4/80. The expression levels of key factors in the toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4)/nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) signaling pathway reduced significantly after feeding with walnut oil to the ALD mice. Wal...

Hong Yin*, Dan Yang, Ji-Jie Liu, Jing-Wei Ding and Dan-Dan Cui

... serum. The superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GPx) activities and malondialdehyde (MDA) level were significantly increased in liver tissues with β-CM-7 treated. β-CM-7 decreased the fatty acid synthase (FAS) level significantly. The results suggest that β-CM-7 can change the dyslipidemia which is induced by aging. The mechanisms of the regulating effects likely tend to pass through controlling the oxidative stress and balancing...

Doaa Sh. Mohamed1, Nema S. Shaban2 , Mai M. Labib3, Olfat Shehata4 

...orubicin on superoxide dismutase activities were elucidated by molecular docking studies. Treatment with almond oil attenuated lipid peroxidation, improved superoxide dismutase (SOD) activities that are associated with doxorubicin administration. Also almond oil considerably modulated the gene expression of toll like receptor 4 (TLR4) and lowers the serum levels of both nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) and tumor necrosi...

Semra Okur Gumusova1, Gul Fatma Yarim2, Cuneyt Tamer1,*, Ayris Salt2 and Gokhan Inat3

...d 96 h) and superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GPx) activities and malondialdehyde (MDA) concentrations were measured by the spectrophotometric methods. Data obtained revealed higher MDA levels in IPNV infected cells than negative control medium (p<0.001). However, SOD and GPx levels in IPNV infected cells were lover than negative control cells medium (p<0.001). These results indicate that, cell damage in RTG-2 cell line, that is caused ...
Maha Khalil1, Gamal Shams2, Hosny Abdel Fadil2, Nagah Edrees2, Mostafa Abonorag1, Nasser El-Sabbagh3, Eman A. Ahmed4*
...talase, and superoxide dismutase were reported. Conclusively, the results of our experiment suggest that that GSPE is a good feed additive for alleviating the negative impacts induced by aflatoxin B1.
 
Keywords | Aflatoxin B1, Hepatotoxicity, Liver apoptosis, Proanthocyanidin, Quails
...

A. Samy1*, H.M.A. Hassan1, Fatma T.F. Abd-El Ghany2, Shama H. Morsy2 

...nts enzyme (superoxide dismutase, catalase, and glutathione peroxidase) compared with the control. Slightly (P>0.05) decreased in malondialdehyde of all treatments compared to the control. Also, there is no any negative effect on the thyroid hormones with any treatments compared to the control. These results suggested that rabbits fed diets enriched with curcumin or garlic extract could have better performance, carcass characteristics, and antioxidant statu...

Min Li1, Shiwu Deng2*, Yiqian Peng3 and Hong Li2

...a (PGC1 a), superoxide dismutase (SOD2) and citrate synthase (Cs) were detected by real-time PCR. Ultrastructural changes of myocardial mitochondria were observed by transmission electron microscope. The activity of Caspase-3 in heart tissue of SD rats was measured, and the expression of p-JNK, GRP78, Caspase 12 and CHOP in heart tissue of SD rats was determined by Western blot. We found that LVEDd and LVESd in MIRI group and MIRI + DEX group were significantl...
De Hu, Jia Wang, Huan Wang, Xiang-Yang Leng, Tian-Yi Zhao* and Shu-Min Wang*
... of pepsin, superoxide dismutase (SOD), malondialdehyde (MDA), nitric oxide (NO) in gastric tissue and the levels of tumor necrosis factor (TNF–α) and interleukin (IL-6) in serum were measured through ELISA, and the contents of NLRP3, ASC, caspase-1 and IL-1β in gastric tissue were detected by Western blot. The results showed that FP of C. lilacina could effectively prevent the stress gastric ulcer induced by WIRS in mice by reducing the expre...

Ikele*, Chika Bright, Ujunwa Aghaji, Mgbenka, Benard Obialo 

...e catalase, superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase, and malondialdehyde activities in the gill were between day 14 and 21. Significant levels (p<0.05) of floc volumes (67.33 to 72 ml) were obtained from the total suspended solids maintained between 111 to 324 mg/L. Total heterotrophic bacteria present in the biofloc media were higher in CA 20:1 with a significantly peak value of 390X104 cfu/ml compared to other groups. The C:N at 10 and 20 utilizing ...

Feng Xu, Weijing Fan and Guobin Liu*

...lase (CAT), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and malondialdehyde (MDA) were measured using commercial kit, and expression levels ofNEXN-AS1 and miR-410-3p were detected using real-time quantitative PCR analysis. The dual luciferase experiment was applied to verify the targeted relationship betweenNEXN-AS1 and miR-410-3p. HUVECs were transfected with NEXN-AS1 overexpression vector, and then treated with ox-LDL for 24 h before detecting the activity, apoptosis rate an...
Asmaa Khamis1, Osama Abdalla1, Mohamed Hashem2, Noha Abdelnaeim1*
...athione and superoxide dismutase in the CCl4 group. However, intoxicated groups treated with PN and PM showed marked improvement in the measured parameters. Therefore, PN and PM have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects, especially PM, which showed better improvement than PN against CCl4 hepatotoxicity in rats.
 
Keywords | Phyllanthus niruri, Plantago major, carbon tetrachloride, hepatotoxicity, histopathology, apoptotic mark...

Xing Lu1, Mahmoud A.O. Dawood2, Fan Wu1, Hua Wen1, Wei Liu1, Juan Tian1, Ming Jiang1, Li-Juan Yu1, Xiang Li3, Ning Xu3 and Hong-Wei Liang1*

...A levels of superoxide dismutase 1 (sod1) and lipoprotein lipase (lpl) genes in the liver of Chinese soft-shelled turtle (P < 0.05). All the above results indicated that appropriate dietary L-carnitine supplementation could improve growth performance, increase muscle protein content, reduce serum TG concentration, and induce the antioxidant- and lipometabolism-associated genes expression in Chinese soft-shelled turtle.

...

Xiaowei Huang1, Jinji Wang1, Zhun Yu2, Minghua Duan1* and Zhe Lin1*

...e (MDA) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) in kidney of each group were detected with ELISA after 24 h of irradiation, and the protein expression levels of TGF-β1, phosphorylated (p-)Smad2, p-Smad2, p-Smad1, p-Smad5 and BMP7 in kidney were detected by western blotting. In the results, compared with the model group, NOS, NO and MDA contents were decreased in the middle and high dose groups while SOD contents were increased in low, middle and high dose groups. ...

Muhammad Akram1*, Muhammad Imtiaz Shafiq2, Amber Malik3, Farmanullah Khan4, Munir Ahmad Bhinder5 and Muhammad Sajjad6

...centration, superoxide dismutase, catalase, and glutathione S-transferase (GST). GST neutralizes reactive oxygen species to regulate physical homeostasis in the body. The target of this study was to evaluate the molecular role of GST genotypic polymorphism involved in the development of CVD. For this case-control study, a total of 504 participants including 261 CVD patients and 243 healthy individuals were enrolled after taking informed consent. The analysis o...

Entesar Z. Eliraqy1*, Basant M. Shafik2, Yasser S. Hussein1, Abdelwahab A. Alsenosy3, Emad A. Abd allah1, Mohamed F. Saad1 

...activity of superoxide dismutase and alpha glucosidaseLysozyme elevated (P < 0.05) in G1, G2, G3 treated groups than control group. Different concentrations of garlic extract reduced the malondialdehyde than control. Finally, it can be concluded that garlic extract additive to extender would be useful to improve semen quality and antioxidant enzymes of buffalo-bulls spermatozoa after different processes (cooling and freezing) at variable time.

Keywo...

Al-Hassan M. Mostafa1*, Gehan Mohammed Sayed2 

...e (GSH) and superoxide dismutase (SOD). Garlic and coriander treated goats showed significant reduction of FEC as compared with control positive ones. Treated goats exhibit no changes in total peroxides while there were non significant changes of PC, MDA, Catalase and SOD, in contrast there was an obvious increase of GSH. Histopathologically, Abomasum tissue restored completely normal histological features in Garlic treated goats, however the abomasum was part...

Kokab Nazim1*, Asghari Bano1 and Ghulam Jellani2

...oduction of Superoxide Dismutase and Catalase coupled with higher accumulation of proline in tolerant genotypes while their production was lower in sensitive genotypes during two growing seasons under stress. All the genotypes made two major clusters. Main cluster “I” was comprised of two genotypes. Main cluster “II” was comprised of 43 genotypes. Cluster “II” was divided into A and B. “B” contained 10 genotypes ...

Saydat Saad Abd El-Megeed1, Walaa Yehia El-Sayed1*, Tarek Khamis2 

... (GPx), and superoxide dismutase (SOD). A reduction was found in the gene expression in the hepatic homogenate of Patched 1, hedgehog-interacting protein (Hhip-1), smoothened (SMO), glioma-associated oncogene homolog 1 (GLI1), and extracellular signal-regulated kinases 1 (ERK1). On the other hand, there was a significant upregulation in the mRNA expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) –γ, insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1),...

Aslı Çilingir Yeltekin

...activities (superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px)) compared to the control (p< 0.05). Therefore, these data may reflect one of the molecular pathways that play a role in tebuconazole toxicity.

...

Noha M. Abd El-Azeem*, Hemat A. Abdel Magied, Mervat N. Ghazal, Nehad A. Ramadan, Enayat H. Abo El-Azayem, Y. S. Hussein, Heba H. Habib 

...e (GPx) and superoxide dismutase (SOD), with significant improve in A/G ratio and decrease malondialdehyde (MDA) in the treated groups in compared to the control group. In conclusion, turmeric, MOS and Biostrong supplements had a beneficial effect as natural antioxidant additives, especially the mixture among them, by protecting against oxidative stress factors caused by pregnancy and lactation in female rabbits under heat stress.

Keywords | Antioxidan...

Farah Abid1,2, Mohammad Saleem1,3*, Tahir Maqbool4, Tania Ahmed Shakoori5, Faheem Hadi4, Tahir Muhammad4, Saira Aftab4, Yasir Hassan7 and Shabana Akhtar4,6*
...ant assays (superoxide dismutase and catalase) and histopathological examination were performed to determine the values of various parameters of inflammation and arthritis. Real-Time PCR technique was applied to analyze the expression levels of different cytokines and interleukins involved in inflammation. Real-Time PCR results showed a down-regulation of TNF-α, COX-2, IL-6, IL-1β, NF-κβ1and up-regulation of IL-4, IL-10 and I-κB gen...

Ghazala Nasreen1, Ali Hussain2, Komal Tayyab1, Muhammad Rashid3 and Sumaira Aslam1*

...inus;1) and superoxide dismutase (SOD, 19.75 ± 1.78 IU L−1) were recorded in the liver samples of the fingerlings of the treatment group T1, while the lowest corresponding figures were noted for the fingerlings of the treatment group T4. These values were lower than found in the control group having 10.50±0.23, 77.25 ± 1.19, 24.50 ± 0.96 and 18.25± 1.19 IU L−1 levels for the ACP, ALP, AST and SOD, respectively. Th...

Hongfeng Guo

...hyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and prostaglandin (PGE) in lower respiratory tract were detected by the kit; the expressions ofprotein kinase B (Akt), Bax and Bcl-2 were detected by Western blot. According to our findings after drug treatment, the body weight and respiratory ventilation of mice returned to normal level compared with the intermittent hypoxia group. Compared with the blank control group, after intermittent hypoxia, the contents of MDA, SO...

Lulu Ding, Ke Wang, Ruxue Huang, Wenjing Yu, Bingzhao Yan, Mengli Jiang and Jicang Wang*

..., and total superoxide dismutase (T-SOD) were measured. Histopathological sections of the kidney were made to observe the structural damage. Results showed that the red blood cell count (RBC), hemoglobinconcentration (HGB), and hematocrit(HCT) of serum were significantly reduced after Cd exposure for 4 weeks. Cd increased the expression of GSH and MDA and decreased the activities of CAT and T-SOD. Furthermore, in the Cd-treated rats, the glomerulus contracted,...

Rukhsana Anwar1*, Ammara Abd-Us-Sattar1, Afifa Noor2, Kanwal Ashiq1,3 and Shah Jahan4 

...lutathione, superoxide dismutase, catalase, and malondialdehyde were determined in liver homogenates. The phytochemical analysis of extracts revealed the presence of many important bioactive compounds. Real-time PCR results showed that aqueous extract decreased the mRNA expression of CYP1A2, CYP3A4. The methanolic extract decreased mRNA expression of CYP2C9 and CYP3A4. Both extracts enhanced GST-specific activity, tGSH, SOD, and CAT activity in rats. It is con...

Asmatullah Kaka1*, Wahid Haron2, Nurhusien Yimer3, Abdullah Channo1, Ali Raza Jahejo2, Mahdi Ebrahimi3, Dildar Hussain Kalhoro4 

.... Moreover, superoxide dismutase (SOD) assay, a fatty acid composition with gas chromatography and lipid peroxidation TBARS (Thiobarbituric acid reactive substances) content were used for oxidative stress evaluation. Frozen-thawed results showed significant (p < 0.05) enhancement in all sperm parameters with 10 ng/ml of DHA supplementation. DHA improved (p < 0.05) SOD levels in all supplemented groups compared with the control group. Level of TBARS was h...

Owolabi Olutunmise Victoria1*, Saka Olusola Stephen2, Olashinde Oluwaseun Ruth1, Alli Smith Yemisi Rufina3

...) activity, Superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity and Malondialdehyde (MDA) activity. When compared control and glibenclamide-treated rats, the antioxidant activity of the extract increases with advancing the dose of treatment. According to the findings, Cola acuminata young leaves have comparable anti-diabetic efficacy to that of a glibenclamide administration. This suggests a promising prospect in developing novel drugs for treating diabetes mellitus. 

Dalia Zaafar1*, Heba M.A Khalil2, Soha Hassanin3, Mohamed R. Mousa4, Mona G. Khalil1 

...lutathione, superoxide dismutase (SOD), tumor growth factors, and apoptotic TUNEL assay, were evaluated after three weeks in addition to Immunohistochemical analysis was done on the proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), hypoxia-inducible factor 1-alpha (HIF-1), PPAR, and cyclin D1. Results: Mice treated with Cis+Pio HD showed higher levels of SOD, GSH, p-ERK1/2 and p38-MAPK, as well as lower levels of MDA and tumor growth factor beside the higher apoptoti...

Caiping Duan

...inase (CK), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and malondialdehyde (MDA) were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Results showed that compared with the control group, the low-dose propofol group had increased NO, decreased ET-1 and cTnT contents (P<0.05), and high-dose propofol group had further increased NO and further decreased ET- 1 and cTnT contents compared with low-dose propofol group (P<0.05). Compared with the control group, the low-dose propo...

Doaa H. Assar1, Rasha A. Al-Wakeel2, Zizy I. Elbialy3, Mahmoud M. El-Maghraby4, Helmy K. Zaghlool5, Adel A. El-Badawy4, Abdel-Khalek E. Abdel-Khalek6*

...lutathione, superoxide dismutase, catalase, and glutathione peroxidase significantly increased, while malondialdehyde significantly decreased in SPL groups. Based on our results, spirulina as a dietary feed additive (5 g/kg diet) could be used safely for improving growth, health, antioxidant defense system, and semen quality of growing cross-bred ram lambs from 10 to 15 months of age.
 
Keywords | Antioxidant, Growth, Lipid profile...

Oussama Zghari*, Mouloud Lamtai, Sofia Azirar, Mohamed Yassine El-Brouzi, Hajar Benmhammed, Aboubaker El-Hessni, Ali Ouichou, Abdelhalem Mesfioui

...activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD) as well mediates brain damage in CA3 hippocampal area. These alterations were reversed by MEL. It can be concluded that, by exerting its properties against the oxidative action of this metal in the hippocampus, MEL may play a potential role in protecting against the behavioral and histopathological alterations induced by Al.
 
Keywords | Aluminum, Melatonin, Neurobehavioral alterations, Oxidat...

Hafiz Muhammad Walayat Ali1, Hafiz Basheer Ahmad1*, Zaheer Ahmad Nazar2, Muhammad Akhlaq Mudassir1, Mahmood-Ul-Hasan1, Abdul Khaliq1 and Muhammad Shahzad Afzal1

... inoculum conditions for smut incidence following RCBD during 2017-18. The analysis of variance revealed significant variations in cane weight, sugar recovery and smut incidence for both years. During the evaluation 84 and 80 clones were found resistant to smut in plant and ratoon crop respectively. Principal component analysis showed that first eigenvalue was equal to (1.78) and represent...

Aqleem Abbas1, Mustansar Mubeen2, Waqar Younus1, Qaiser Shakeel3, Yasir Iftikhar2*, Sonum Bashir2, Muhammad Ahmad Zeshan2 and Azhar Hussain1

...ult, diseases like rust, smut, black scurf, early blight, late blight, potato leaf roll virus, potato virus Y, grey mold, mildew, crown gall disease, gummosis disease, and nematodes and pests such as insect pests, i.e., fruit fly, armyworms, apple wooly aphids, aphids, mealy bug, scales and whiteflies, and parasitic weeds are considerably affecting GB crops. These diseases and pests can jeopardize GB’s food supply if not monitored regularly. The conseque...
Mahroze Fatima1*, Syed Zakir Hussain Shah2, Muhammad Afzal3, Muhammad Bilal4 and Ayesha Khizar1
...ant enzyme (superoxide dismutase, catalase and peroxidase) activities, however the higher doses did not outperform the moderate doses. Saturated fatty acids and monoenes were more in fish fed the control diet compared to vitamin E fed fish. The percentages of 18:3n-6 (linolenic acid), 20:5n-3 (eicosapentaenoic acid), 22:5n-3 (docosapentaenoic acid), 22:6n-3 (docosahexaenoic acid), total n-3 and n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids were found higher in diets enriche...

Abdel-Khalek El-Sayed Abdel-Khalek1*, Abdelaziz M. Sakr2, Wael M. Nagy2, Hesham S. Abou-Serie2, Entesar Z. Eliraqy2

...apacity and superoxide dismutase activity, and decreased percentage of apoptosis, early apoptosis, necrosis, and malondialdehyde level; most favorable results were recorded with PEE2. The foregoing results indicated that supplementation of Tris-semen extender with propolis ethanolic extender at a level of 8 mg/ml increased the functional activity of spermatozoa, decreased sperm apoptosis, and necrosis, and improved the antioxidant status of sperm medium in cry...

Hafiz Muhammad Arsalan1, Amina Arif1 and Muhammad Khalil Ahmad Khan2*

...hyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione (GSH), nitric oxide (NO), advanced oxidation protein product (AOPP), advanced glycation end products (AGE’s) and micronutrients (retinol, ascorbic acid, alpha tocopherol), complete blood count, liver profile, renal profile, lipid profile, serum electrolytes were evaluated in CML and control groups. Our study reported that no significant difference in biochemical profile among treated wit...

Chen Zhao, Lulu Ding, Ying Ye, Congying Kou, Haoran Xiao, Jing Zhu and Jicang Wang*

...e and total superoxide dismutase. Instead, Nar significantly attenuated these Cd-induced toxic activities. Furthermore, the protein expression levels of Beclin1 and P62 were increased in the Cd-treated group. Treatment with Nar can significantly inhibit the increase of P62 protein expression level caused by Cd, indicating that Nar has a certain inhibitory effect on cell autophagy. In general, this study shows that Cd caused oxidative stress and autophagy. Nar ...

Sherein H. Mohamed1, Soad El Naggar2*, Ayman A. Hassan3, Mohamed A.M. Mousa3, Mohamed M. Basyony3, Mohamed F. Sadek3, Mohamed A. A. Ahmed4, Saadia M. Hashem5 

...t capacity, superoxide dismutase, catalase, glutathione peroxidase, immunoglobulins G and A.  Moreover, the extracts supplementation decreases ammonia-nitrogen, butyric acid, Escherichia coli, Clostridium spp., and Enterococcus spp., total cholesterol, high density lipoprotein, low-density lipoprotein, and triglyceride compared to the control group. Also, these extracts had positive effects (P<0.05) on the rabbit meat nutritional compounds, and decreas...

Xiaowei Huang, Yajie Wang, Jia Zhou, Junxiu Liu, Zhe Lin and Ruili Li*

...oxide (NO), superoxide dismutase (SOD), malondialdehyde (MDA), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and reduced glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) were detected by ELISA. The expression level of TLR4/NF-κB, and HandE staining was used to observe the renal tissue. In the results, compared with model group, the spleen index and whole blood viscosity was significantly decreased, while the thymus index, peripheral blood WBC, RBC, Hb, HCT, PLT levels, and NO, SOD, GSH-Px...

Azza M. El-Kattawy1, Tarek Abou Zed1, Randa Megahed1 and Mohammed El-Magd2*

...e (GSH) and superoxide dismutase (SOD)]. These findings conclude that administration of Sim relieved pristane-induced arthritis, with best improvement in the Sim co-treated (prevention) group. Thus, Sim could be used as a protective drug against rheumatoid arthritis based on its immunomodulatory, anti-inflammatory, and antioxidant effects.

...

Jyotsana Shakkarpude1*, Aditya Mishra2, Deepika D. Caesar2, R.K. Sharma3, Anand Kumar Jain2, Sanju Mandal2, Rajesh Kumar Vandre4, Danveer S. Yadav5, Bhavna Ahirwar6 and C.P. Solanki6

...analysis of superoxide dismutase, total antioxidant capacity, HSP70, albumin/globulin ratio and immunoglobin G. The overall mean values of plasma superoxide dismutase, total antioxidant capacity and immunoglobin G of high betaine group was numerically higher than other groups which differed (p<0.05) significantly between groups. The overall mean value of plasma HSP70 of high betaine group was minimum followed by low betai...

Ahmed H. El-Anwar, Eid A. Mabrouk, Khaled M. Ali, Nermeen A. Helmy, Rehab M. Reda* 

...m levels of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4), and testosterone were recorded monthly. The study also extended to examine androgen receptor (AR) gene expression and microscopical structure of testicular tissue at the end of the 5th-month-old.  Results revealed that the n-ZnO group exhibited significant (P ≤ 0.05) improvement over that of the ZnO group on all growth performances and serum biochemical pa...

Advances in Animal and Veterinary Sciences

November

Vol. 11, Iss. 11, pp. 1757-1910

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