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Protective Effect of Walnut Oil on Alcoholic Liver Disease in Mice

Protective Effect of Walnut Oil on Alcoholic Liver Disease in Mice

Fujun Miao1, Chunlan Shan2, Wei Yang3, Hao Wang3, Shuxiang Geng1 and Delu Ning1*

1Yunnan Academy of Forestry and Grassland, Kunming, 650204, China
2College of Animal Science and Technology, Yunnan Agricultural University, Kunming, 650201, China
3College of Veterinary Medicine, Yunnan Agricultural University, Kunming, 650201, China.
 
Fujun Miao and Chunlan Shan have equally contributed.
 
* Corresponding author: ningdelu@163.com

ABSTRACT

Walnut oil is widely used in traditional medicine as a dietary supplement for some patients. In this study, the protective effects of walnut oil isolated from Juglans sigllata on livers of alcoholic liver disease (ALD) mice were studied. The results showed that serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) in the ethanol + walnut oil (ETH + WO) and ETH + silymarin positive group (PC) groups significantly decreased, and the lesions of ethanol-induced liver injury were relieved compared with the ethanol (ETH) group. Walnut oil significantly increased the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) in the liver of ALD. Walnut oil exerted the anti-inflammatory effects in the liver of ALD by decreasing the liver index, malondialdehyde (MDA) contents, and the expression levels of F4/80. The expression levels of key factors in the toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4)/nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) signaling pathway reduced significantly after feeding with walnut oil to the ALD mice. Walnut oil may exert a protective effect on ethanol-induced ALD in mice by inhibiting the TLR4/NF-κB signaling pathway.

 

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Pakistan Journal of Zoology

August

Vol. 54, Iss. 4, Pages 1501-2001

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