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Tomas Jinnerot1*, Karin Malm1, Erik Eriksson1 and Jonas Johansson Wensman2

E-mail | Tomas.Jinnerot@sva.se

...ratory disease (CIRD) in dogs. Other disease agents include various respiratory viruses and co-infection can exacerbate the clinical signs. CIRD is highly contagious and can spread rapidly, especially among dogs in close quarters. Fast and accurate diagnostics enables the selection of proper management. Our objective was to develop a sensitive and specific real-time PCR for detection of B. bronchisept...
Uzma Farid Durrani1,*,Sagar Mal Goyal2, Asim Khalid Mahmood1,Cathleen Hanlon3, Susan Moore3, Muhammad Waqas1 and Raheela Akhtar4
... of rabies in humans and dogs living in Lahore, Pakistan.
...
Urooj Fatima1, Arslan Mehboob2, Muhammad Abid3, Muti-ur-rehman Khan4 and Tahir Yaqub4*

 

... fifty samples from sick dogs suspected for parvovirus infection were collected from different geographic areas of the country. Samples were screened for positivity and verified for CPV using PCR. From a 30% positive samples for hemagglutination, nineteen (38.4%) samples were positive in PCR. Sequence analysis of the selected positive samples revealed that both CPV-2 and new CPV-2a strains are circulating in the domestic dog poputlation in Pakistan. This pione...

Iracema Nunes de Barros1,2, Luciane Dubina Pinto3, Rosely Bianca dos Santos Kuroda1, Sheila Oliveira de Souza Silva1, Leonardo José Richtzenhain1,2, Cláudio Wageck Canal3 and Paulo Eduardo Brandão1,2* 

...ommon infection in young dogs and is caused chiefly by canine coronavirus (CCoV) and canine parvovirus (CPV). While, CPV is considered the most important cause of diarrhea, studies have shown an increasing prevalence and importance of CCoV around the world. Fatal CCoV infections have been described, however, there is limited information on the molecular diversity of CCoV in many parts of the world. In this study, canine fecal samples from diverse States of Bra...
Dildar Hussain Kalhoro1,2,, Shan Liang1, Muhammad Saleem Kalhoro2, Shoaib Ahmed Pirzado2, Nasir Rajput2, Muhammad Naeem2, Fahmida Parveen2 andYongjie Liu1*
...bs were collected from 6 dogs with severe respiratory syndrome at the Animal Clinics of Nanjing Agricultural University in 2014. One viral strain was isolated from SPF embryonated chicken eggs. Sequencing analysis of hemagglutinin (HA) and neuraminidase (NA) genes showed 93 to 99% similarity between each other. The CIV isolates shared high similarity (above 98%) to the H3N2 viruses from dogs in China. On the comparison of ge...
Lotta Wahldén1, 3, Ulf Emanuelson1, Torsten Møller2 and Jonas Johansson Wensman1*
...cination of African wild dogs with a live attenuated domestic dog vaccine may provide adequate protection against CDV, and could therefore be an important tool for the conservation of this endangered species. 
...
Shuai Shang1,2, Honghai Zhang2,*, Xiaoyang Wu2, Qinguo Wei2, Jun Chen1, Huanxin Zhang1, Huaming Zhong2 and Xuexi Tang1,*
...ood selection of raccoon dogs. Thus, we explored the evolution of Tas2r genes in raccoon dogs. In this study, Tas2r genes including eleven intact genes and four pseudogenes from raccoon dogs were identified for the first time. We also obtained Tas2r genes from fourteen additional species based on their genome sequences and our previous study, including thirteen carnivo...
Tünay Kontaş Aşkar1,*, Şinasi Aşkar1, Olga Büyükleblebici2 and Murat Güzel3
...sis (CVL). A total of 30 dogs, comprising 10 clinically healthy and 20 dogs with leishmaniasis were enrolled in this study. The diagnosis of canine visceral leishmaniasis was performed by the immune fluorescence antibody test with antibody titter ≥1:128 and lymph node smear examination. In blood samples of dogs with visceral leishmaniasis, levels of malondialdehyde, total antioxidant ca...

Obaidul Islam*, Shameema Khatun and Mustasim Famous 

...f clinical conditions in dogs admitted at Central Veterinary Hospital (CVH), SAQ Teaching Veterinary Hospital (CVASU), Chittagong, and District Veterinary Hospital (DVH), Sylhet during the period from 22 September to 18 October 2018 at CVH, 20 October to 18 November 2018 at CVASU and 26 February to 21 March 2019 at DVH. The prevalence was analyzed on the basis of location, age, breed and sex. Among the clinical cases infectious diseases occupied the highest pr...
Zhijun Zhong1, Rui Tu1, Xichun Wang2, Yi Geng1, Qicheng Xiao1, Yinan Tian1, Bin Wei1, Jiaming Dan1, Ya Wang1 and Guangneng Peng1,*
...rding brucellosis in pet dogs caused by B. canis is limited. In the present study, we conducted a comprehensive molecular, pathological, and immunohistochemical analysis to detect this pathogen in pet dogs. Molecular methods, combining three types of PCR assays, identified two strains isolated from two pet dogs as Brucella canis. Histopathological changes revealed extensive i...
Mubashra Salim1, Omeira Ibrahim1, Hugo Vilhena2,3,4, Carla Maia5, André Pereira5, Maria Shahzeen1, Shabana Kalsoom1, Asim K. Mahmood6 and Furhan Iqbal1*
...of hosts including cats, dogs, domestic ruminants, pigs, rodents and humans. The present study was designed for the molecular detection of Mycoplasma haemofelis and Candidatus Mycoplasma haemominutum in feline blood samples collected from various pet clinics in Pakistan, by Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR), using 16S rDNA as the target sequence. Clinical and epidemiological data was collected in all animals included in the study. M. haemofelis<...
Larysa Kladnytska1, Anatoliy Mazurkevych1, Natalia Bezdieniezhnykh2Oleg Melnyc1, Sergiy Velychko3, Mykola Malyuk1, Vasyl Danilov1Yuriy Kharkevych1 and Magdalena Gryzinska4*
...he index of proliferationdogs adipose-derived stem cells (DADSCs) on IVth and Xth passages. Established that DADSCs contains multipotent stem cells, that are characterized by an almost homogenous fibroblast-like cells оn the IVth and Хth passages. It was difined, that fibroblast-like cells оn the IVth and Хth passages was expressed cytoplasmic and membrane proteins, which are specific to pro...
Mian Adnan Kakakhel1, Faryal Gohar1, Zahid Anwar2, Raza Ullah1, Muhammad Attaullah3, Shahbaz Ahmad4, Aamir Khan5, Kalimullah5*
...bsp;infection in pet dogs. To evaluate the main associated risk factors related with T. gondii exposure to this region. A total of a hundred number of blood samples (72 males and 28 females) were collected from Peshawar, Pakistan. The serum samples were analyzed for IgG and IgM by using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and statistical analysis carri...

Hasaan Aziz*, Fariha Altaaf, Attia Bashir, Abdul Basit, Syed Anam Masood Gardazi and Farah Haider 

...modified live vaccine to dogs, occurrence of disease is not uncommon. Here, we sequenced and phylogenetically analysed the complete hemagglutinin gene of CDV from a male dog (14 months old) exhibiting clinically suggestive symptoms. With a characteristic amino acid residue for dog at Y549, sequence analysis showed geographically distinct pattern clustering the study strain to clade Asia-2 but clearly distinct from vaccine strains. Though limited and preliminar...

Moazam Ali1, Wajid Ali2, Ayhan Ceyhan2 and Zeeshan Ahmad Bhutta3*

Pigmentation Genome Influence in Animals and Human Interventions in its Course of Action
... cattle, horses, camels, dogs, cats, pigs) new variants of coat pigmentation are achieved by generating mutation in MC1R and ASIP allele. A row of scientists is working on genome sequences and mutations for getting a better and healthier pigmentation besides animal welfare. This review article contains a complete elaboration about the worth of pigmentation in animals, natural pigmentation process and new mutation and deviation in animal genome related to their...

Natalija Grittner1, Radomir Mandić2,* and Milivoje Urošević3

...ys, ducks, guinea fowls, dogs and bees were analyzed. The number of populations these indigenous breeds in Serbia has been shown in this paper. It is proposed that 15 breeds (13 breeds and 2 strains), which are not protected by the Decree of the Ministry of Agriculture of Serbia on animal genetic resources, be included in the Decree in the future, in order to preserve and improve their numbers. An urgent establishment of the animal gene bank of Serbia has been...
Li Shengqing1,2,3, Zhang Xiyun2,3, Liu Shengcai2,3, Hu Guoyuan2, Fan Yuxia2,Liu Huaixin2, Wang Tingting2 and Zhang Yanming1*
... as yaks, Tibetan sheep, dogs, vultures, and birds, is also tested. Results show that the toxin is encoded by a type D botulinum neurotoxin gene. The DNA and amino acid sequences of the full neurotoxin gene comprise 3831 base pairs and 1276 amino acid residues, respectively. The nucleic acid and protein sequences of the toxin exhibits 99% homology with those of a known type D botulinum neurotoxin gene, and the composition of the functional domain of the toxin ...
Houqiang Luo1*, Yanfang Lan2, Ping Gan3, Wenjun Zhou4, Meng Wang1
Bing Hu5, Zhuning Zhang5, Yu Bai1* and Kun Li6*
...ic ehrlichiosis (CME) in dogs. We have investigated the prevalence of R. sanguineus and E. canis infection in pet dogs in Wenzhou, China. Serum samples were obtained from animal hospitals were examined for antibodies by commercial rapid in-clinic ELISA kits. Ticks were collected from dogs and molecular detection methods were used to identify the tick species and CME by amplif...

Amal H. Mostafa, Mohammed Y. Matoock, Heba M. A. Khalil* 

...gement program for stray dogs. Eight adult native dogs were collected from Maadi district streets in Cairo. and brought to the clinic to assess their aggression level. They were exposed to a 10 behavioral test series, including friendly greeting, room behavior, leash manner, look test, sensitivity test, tag test, squeeze test, food behavior, toy behavior, and dog to dog behavior to measure the dog’s initial reaction an...

Yuan Zhang1, Qingyue Han1, Peiquan Du1, Yi Lu1, Lianmei Hu1, Sadaqat Ali2, Khalid Mehmood2, Sajid Hameed2, Zhaoxin Tang1, Hui Zhang1* and Ying Li1*

 

...diagnosis of lymphoma in dogs. To further determine the type of lymphoma, the H and E, and immunohistochemistry were done. The immunohistochemical test exposed the immunophenotype positive for CD79a. Finally, B-cell (CD79a) polycentric lymphoma was confirmed. This case report introduces the diagnostic methods of IHC and immunohistochemistry, rarely used in the diagnosis of lymphoma in clinical practice in China, which can provide a reference for veterinarians ...

Yuan Zhang1, Qingyue Han1, Peiquan Du1, Yi Lu1, Lianmei Hu1, Sadaqat Ali2, Khalid Mehmood2, Sajid Hameed2, Zhaoxin Tang1, Hui Zhang1* and Ying Li1*

 

...diagnosis of lymphoma in dogs. To further determine the type of lymphoma, the H and E, and immunohistochemistry were done. The immunohistochemical test exposed the immunophenotype positive for CD79a. Finally, B-cell (CD79a) polycentric lymphoma was confirmed. This case report introduces the diagnostic methods of IHC and immunohistochemistry, rarely used in the diagnosis of lymphoma in clinical practice in China, which can provide a reference for veterinarians ...

Neven Waheeb1*, Sherif Marouf2, Essam Nasr3, Shaymaa Abdelmalek2 

...uman stool and fasces of dogs and cats. Two hundred stool samples from humans and eighty-eight fecal samples from dogs and cats were collected with gastric disorders. The presence of H. Pylori infection in stool and fecal samples were tested by ELISA and PCR methods. In ELISA the test utilizes H. pylori antibodies to selectively detect H. pylori Antigen in human stool and fasces of pet animals, and PCR by using 16srRNA prime...
Furqan Awan1,2, Sadia Nawaz3, Muhammad Muddassir Ali3,*, Asia Iqbal4, Raheela Akhtar5, Sehrish Firyal3, Haleema Sadia6, Arshad Javid4, Muhammad Rashid7, Muhammad Sulman Ali Taseer8 and Zhenling Zeng1
...real tumor (CTVT) in pet dogs; and identify the potential factors that are playing important role in disease spread. A questionnaire-based study was conducted to identify the conditions and circumstances of CTVT affected dogs that presented to veterinary practices over a 12-month period. The practices were convenience-sampled on the basis of voluntary participation. Forty practices were approached, and veterinarians from 24 ...

Noura El-Shahat Attia1*, Abd El-Khalek Ramadan El-Sheikh1, Mohamed Omia Siam2 

... Zinc (Zn) deficiency in dogs. The clinical study was conducted on two groups of dogs. The first group consisting of seven dogs which was clinically healthy and used as a control group, and the second group consisting of sixteen dogs “German Shephard” at different ages which was suffering from decrease appetite, stunt growth rate, as well as ...

Chandrakala Rana1*, Deepak Subedi1*, Shanti Kunwar1, Rajesh Neupane1, Birendra Shrestha2, Khan Sharun3, Dinesh Kumar Singh4 and Krishna Kaphle2

Hazel Tamakan* and Huban Gocmen

...dintermedius in cats and dogs with pyoderma and otitis externa by conventional culture methods, automated identification system and PCR-RFLP. This is the first study to research the presence of MRSP in cats and dogs in Cyprus. The PCR-RFLP method based on the pta gene was confirmed to S. pseudintermedius. Methicillin resistance results were revealed with VITEK 2 and mecA gene detection was performed by PCR. A total of 100 sa...

Tarık Bugra Saruhan and Alptug Sarı*

...predator pressure, stray dogs, roads, agricultural drugs, and environmental pollution.

...

Mohamed Saeed M. Hassan¹, Hitham Abdel-Saeed1*, Kawkab Abd El Aziz Ahmed2, Ossama Mohamed Abdou1 

...al alterations in anemic dogs that were admitted to the teaching veterinary hospital at faculty of veterinary medicine, Cairo University and private clinics in Cairo and Giza governorates, Egypt. A total number (71 dogs) was included in the present study. This number comprises 16 apparently healthy dogs and 55 anemic cases. Historical data, clinical and hematobiochemical investigations wer...

Heba El-Zahar*, Zeinab Abd El-Rahman, Abbas El-Naggar 

...as prognostic markers in dogs with IBD. After a detailed clinical, laboratory and ultrasonographic examination 21 IBD dogs with symptoms of chronic gastrointestinal diseases were chosen for the study. In addition to 11 healthy dogs served as control group. In comparison to controls, hematological analysis revealed significant variations (p<0.05) in total leukocyte count, hemoglobin, and...

Amal Hamad1, Ashraf M. Abu-Seida2*, Faisal A. Torad2, Nahed S. Thabet3, Shabaan M. Gadallah1

...dol HCl and Meloxicam in dogs. Forty clinically healthy mongrel dogs were randomly divided into 4 groups (10 dogs each) according to the analgesic agent used. Doses of 0.5mg/kg Nalbuphine HCl, 5μg/kg Fentanyl citrate, 2mg/kg Tramadol HCl and 0.2mg/kg Meloxicam were given IV in groups A, B, C and D, respectively. The zero time for evaluation was 10 min for Nalbuphine HCl, 45 min for Tram...

Wael Felefel1*, Mohamed EL-Beskawy2, M. F. El -Dakroury3, Mohamed Morsi Elkamshishi4, Eman Sayed Mohammed5 

...on on naturally infested dogs with hard ticks. Forty five stray dogs with age above 6 months were collected from Alexandria governorate with heavy or moderate ticks infestation. The captured dogs were divided into 3 groups, each group includes 15 dogs, and categorized as follows; group (1): (Positive control group), group (2): (Doramectin injected group)...

Zaniar A. Abas1, Mohammed Omer Baba Sheikh2,5*, Hardi N. Aziz3, Omed I. Abid4 

...rom suspected parvovirus dogs were taken from different provinces in north Iraq for PCR testing, and 76% of such samples were confirmed to be positive. Sequence analysis showed two CPV-2c, six new CPV-2b, and ten new CPV-2a variants. In the CPV-2 studied, several unique and existing mutations have been discovered, indicating the emergence of CPV-2c variation in Iraq.  Genetic differentiation study based on the genetic variation on the VP2 gene has shown t...
Noha M El-Motaily1, Ossama M Abdou1, Heba S Farag1, Kawkab A Ahmed2, Mahmoud Saber1*
...usly reported in patient dogs with demodicosis due to the effect of stress caused by mites. This study was conducted on 38 dogs, 20 of them were used as control group and 18 were demodicosis infected dogs, for evaluation of hematological, biochemical and histopathological alterations. Beside detection of the antioxidant trace elements (Zn, Cu, Se) levels in dogs

Alsi Dara Paryuni1, Soedarmanto Indarjulianto2, Tri Untari3 and Sitarina Widyarini4*

...o in animals, especially dogs and cats. The close interaction of cats and humans reported to play an important role in dissemination of zoonotic diseases. Therefore, this study aims to diagnose and to treat of dermatophytosis in cats. Twenty cats with the age of 6-12 months were used in this study. Determination of dermatophyte infection in cats based on clinical signs and laboratory identification of fungi. Skin scrapes samples were cultured onto Sabouraud&rs...

Xinjun Zhang1,2, Pengyong Wang1,2, Huimin Ju1,2, Yanhong Wang1,2, Yang Yang1,2* and Guoqiang Zhu1,2*

...rains were isolated from dogs in Yangzhou, China. The adhesion-encoding genes (iha, fimH, papA, papC, papG allele I, papG allele I’, papG allele II, papG allele III, focA, focG, sfaS), virulence-associated genes (sat, cdtI, cnf1, hlyD), iron uptake system encoding genes (iroN, iut, ireA) were investigated, and the ability of biofilm formation was examined. In addition, UPEC in invading T24 cells, cytotoxicity, immune response and synthesis of proinflamma...
Eman M. Aboelela1, Mohamed A. Sobieh2, Eman M. Abouelhassan3, Doaa S. Farid4, Essam S. Soliman2*
... meet all the demands of dogs and cats. The study aimed to conduct a seasonal cross-sectional survey on the point prevalence (PP) of ectoparasitic infestations in dogs and cats concerning some host, agent, and environmental determinants. A cross-sectional study was designed to last for four successive seasons from September 21st, 2020 to September 20th, 2021. A total of 1393 cats and 1511 dogs...

Saba Rashid*, Rehan Ashraf, Hafiza Faseeha Iftikhar, Zohaib Bilal Khan, Samreen Sanawar, Aamina Jamil, Misha Salam Bajwa, Manahil Riaz 

... sub-clinically affected dogs, neurological manifestations of canine distemper occur 2-3 weeks later, albeit they may appear even months or years later. This neurological form of the disease affects the white as well as the grey matter of the CNS. Owing to the involvement of both white and grey matter, a variety of neurological signs, including behavioral changes, focal or generalized, seizures (fits), cerebellar and vestibular signs, visual deficits, paresis,...

Caiyun Ma1, Hebao Wen1, Lu Li2, Gaofeng Liu1, Chunjing Wang1, Yu Guo1, Shiji Fang1, Hongyu Wang1* and Changqing Liu1*

... ancestor of large breed dogs worldwide, represents a valuable model for human diseases. To our knowledge, this is the first study to capture the emergence of Tibetan mastiff-derived CSPCs. Our study aimed to unveil the biological properties and differentiation multipotency of CSPCs. CSPCs were characterized by the clonogenicity, growth curves and karyotype analysis, respectively. The results showed that the CSPCs of Tibetan mastiff displayed self-renewal abil...

Muhammad Usman1*, Aneela Zameer Durrani1, Nasir Mehmood2, Muhammad Hassan Saleem1 and Mamoona Chaudhry3

...gdorferi s.l. in 600 pet dogs and 391 tick pools using PCR assay and sequencing in the Lahore City Metropolitan Area, Pakistan. Potential association of various risk factors with occurrence of Lyme borreliosis was also estimated via univariate and multivariate logistic regression. From each dog, blood and tick samples were collected and then tick species were identified. DNA extraction was followed by detection of 16S rRNA signature gene using B. burgdorferi s...

Chattida Panprom1, Nakrob Pattanapon1, Wannisa Meepoo1, Soontaree Petchdee2* 

...c protocols and managing dogs with moderate to severe valvular degeneration during general soft tissue surgery. Three client-owned dogs with valve degeneration stages C or D who underwent general anesthesia for surgical treatment were included in this study. All dogs in this study were assigned to receive diazepam 0.3 mg/kg body weight, alfaxalone 2.5 mg/kg body weight, and a perioperative...

Zarema Alimsultanova Magomedova1*, Kheda Khalitovna Dadaeva1, Roza Said-Akhmedovna Zakhkieva1, Khasan Khamitovich Shakhbiev1, Boris Kazievich Laipanov2 

...tomоsis, which occur in dogs in rural and urban settlements with an EI of 70%. The aim of this work is to study nematodes in dogs in rural and urban settlements of the North Caucasus and test new drugs: tableted Helmicide F, powder Fenbental 50% and Mebentfen powder 50% for the treatment of intestinal nematodes. Studies have shown that nematodes of a zoonotic nature in dogs in the form of...

Khasan Khamidovich Shakhbiev1*, Saidkhamzat Saidmagomedovich Abumuslimov1, Larisa. Vakhaevna Taramova1, Islam Khasanovich Shakhbiev1, Svetlana Aleksandrovna Shemyakova2 

..., especially in of young dogs has an epizootic manifestation. The research results showed that the spread of echinococcosis complicated by streptococcosis depends on the age of the dogs. As you can see, this pathology occurs in puppies within 55.5%,of in one-year-old young animals - 30.0%, in adult males and females - 15.0% of the number cases, which indicates of the dominant prevalence of echinococcosis complicated of by st...

I Nyoman Sulabda1, Anak Agung Gde Oka Dharmayudha2, I Wayan Nico Fajar Gunawan3, Dwi Fortuna Hashilonda4, Luh Gde Setyawati5, I Ketut Puja6*

...tic quality of Kintamani dogs. This study aimed to provide frozen semen of Kintamani dogs for rapid improvement of the quality and population of Kintamani dogs with the specific target of evaluating the fertilization capacity of frozen semen of Kintamani dogs using the artificial insemination method. Eight bitches were used in this experiment. The dog wa...

Supawadee Piratae1*, Noraphat Khiewkham2, Nattawut Maungmungkun2, Chanakan Tippornwong2, Tossapol Seerintra2, Sirikanda Thanasuwan3, Luyen Thi Phung4 

...s in animals, especially dogs and other canids. PCR targeting the 16S rRNA gene was performed to determine the prevalence of ehrlichiosis and anaplasmosis in 127 dogs collected from Rayong province, Thailand. To confirm the identification of these two pathogens, PCR was performed to detect the citrate synthase (gltA) gene followed by sequencing. In addition, the haematological responses of dogs

Vui Van Nguyen1, Samorn Ponchunchoovong2, Sajeera Kupittayanant3, Pakanit Kupittayanant2* 

...from five American Bully dogs were used. The sperm quality was determined by system automatic sperm analyser for sperm motility parameters, and by confocal laser scanning microscope for sperm membrane integrity parameters. Sperm lipid peroxidation was also analysed through malondialdehyde production. The study found that there was a gradual decrease in all sperm quality indicators of all the treatments during 12 days of storage. In addition, the chilled sperm ...

Alisher Safarov1*, Nasreen Nasreen4, Firuza Akramova5, Shukhrat Djabbarov1, Adolat Mirzaeva5, Javokhir Esonboev5, Djalaliddin Azimov5, Mourad Ben Said2,3 

...toparasites in domestic (dogs and cats) and wild predatory mammals (jackals, wolves, foxes, and reed cats) in Uzbekistan through regular parasite collections. Materials and Methods: A comprehensive surveillance was conducted to calculate the prevalence of ectoparasites in carnivorous mammals. Data on ectoparasite prevalence, including area, host, breed, species diversity, age, and seasonal infestation rate, were recorded and analyzed. This research represents ...

Amthal Ahmed Fouad1, Basem Mohamed Ahmed2, Momtaz Abdelhady Shahein1, Hussein Aly Hussein2* 

... endemic in Egypt. Rabid dogs are the prime source for human and livestock Lyssavirus rabies (RABV) exposure with almost 100% case fatality. While all lyssavirus rabies genetic data -including whole genomes- from Egypt are clustered within a unique lineage (Africa-4 lineage of the cosmopolitan clade), no report provided detailed description of this lineage genome and the last published whole genome dates back to 2009. In this context, a complete RABV genome (5...

Saloua Ziani1*, Khalid Sohaib2 , Youssef Lhor3, Ikhlass El Berbri4, And Ouafaa Fassi Fihri4  

...d by the Lyssavirus, and dogs are the primary host and reservoir. For the international movement of pets, rabies-free countries require a rabies quantification before importing animals, which varies significantly. The objective of this study is to investigate the reasons for variations in antibody titers in dogs. Data from 848 dogs exported from Morocco was collected. The results revealed ...
Iko-Ojo Charity Ikwe Agada, James Agbo Ameh, Olatunde H. Olabode and Martha Echioda-Ogbole*
...E) is a viral disease of dogs caused by carnivore Protoparvovirus 1 (CPV). The CPV is a small, non-enveloped, single-stranded DNA virus of the family Parvoviridae. CPE is a highly contagious enteric disease of dogs transmitted mainly via the fecal- oral route. This ten (10) years retrospective study was carried out to describe the pattern, prevalence and seasonality of canine parvoviral infection in Abuja based...
Morcos Ibrahim Yanni1* and Eid Elsaid Abdelaziz2
...e brain tissues of three dogs from 2017 to 2019 at the genetic level of the N and P genes from three governorates of Delta region in Egypt with earlier isolates, locally used vaccinal strains and other used strains internationally. Ten brain tissues from confirmed rabid cases in three governorates; Dakahleya (3), Alexandria (4); and Beheira (3) were diagnosed using viral cell culture and Direct Fluorescent Test (DFT) for the rabies virus. The samples were test...

Amal Hammad*, Shaaban Gadallah, Tarik Misk, Ahmed Mourad 

...s a sedative adjuvant in dogs. Five adult healthy mongrel dogs were randomly assigned to receive each of four sedation protocols at one-week interval. Hence, 4 groups were evaluated: XH (xylazine high: 1mg/kg of xylazine intravenously); XL (xylazine low: 0.25mg/kg of xylazine intravenously); XLL (xylazine low combined with laser acupuncture: 0.25mg/kg of xylazine intravenously with laser stimulation at GV20 and Yintang) and ...

Zhimin Wu1,2, Yaping Yang1, Arshad Zahoor1, Aftab Shaukat1 and Ganzhen Deng1,2*

...n healthy with unhealthy dogs showed low correlation (r<0.5). The thoracic indexes between both groups were no significantly different (p>0.05). Only vertebrophrenic angle (cranial) and vertebrophrenic angle (caudal) in all angles measured significantly differed in healthy group versus unhealthy group (p<0.01).

...

Rasema Majeed, Alaa Kamil Mahmood* 

... histological changes in dogs with alloxan-nicotinamide-induced diabetes. histological analysis was assessed. The results showed that first group (Control negative) administered distilled water showed no abnormal lesion, while second group (Control positive) is diabetic without treatment showed destruction and necrosis of islet cells, congestion and edema between their acini. Third group was administered 81.7 mg/kg BW of ginger ethanolic extract orally for 45 ...

Asma Sadia Authoy2, Aneek Chanda2, Aparna Datta3, Md Shohel Al Faruk4, Towhida Kamal1* 

...er (TTPHRC), focusing on dogs and cats exhibiting skin lesions. A cross-sectional study was conducted, utilizing comprehensive questionnaires based on various risk factors such as age, sex, breed, vaccination history, deworming, etc. A total of 174 case sheets of dogs and cats with skin lesions were analyzed. The findings indicate a higher prevalence of ectoparasite infestation among dogs ...

Ahmed Kadhim Munahi1* , Hameed A. Al-Timmemi2 

...nal cord regeneration in dogs. For this objective, sixteen healthy mongrel dogs were used. They were divided into two equal groups (n=8) at random. All dogs underwent dorsal laminectomy and left lateral hemisection at the level of the second lumbar vertebra. In the control group, the hemisections were treated with 0.2 mL of phosphate buffer saline. Chitosan nanoparticles were applied to th...

Sena’a M. Hussein1,2, Raffal A. Omar3* 

...l of 24 male local breed dogs were divided randomly into the lidocaine group that received 4.5 mg/Kg of 2% lidocaine and liposome group which received the same dose of lidocaine carried by liposome. Pinprick and spinal reflex tests were evaluated each minute for the first five minutes following lumbosacral injection and then every five minutes until the sensory blockade disappeared. Motor activities were constantly monitored and evaluated every 30 seconds. Cli...

Sudip Kumar Sharma1, Al-Nur Md. Iftekhar Rahman1,2, Mahfuzul Islam1,3*  

...hem. 

...

Fazal Ur Rehman1*, Saeeda Fatehullah1, Ayaz Qadir1, Suleman Ahmad2, Siddique Usman2, Muhammad Asif2, Mukhtiar Ahmed1, Sunaina Rafi3, Muhammad Mohsin2, Ayesha Amanullah4, Faisal Shahzad2, Hasnain Raza2 

... are paired structure in dogs which require the surgical removal in various diseased conditions . The current study was designed to compare the efficacy of open and closed method of anal sacculectomy for better outcomes in respect of post-operative complications in dogs. The study was performed on 16 adult dogs of either sex or breed with 1 to 3 years of age presented at University Outdoor...

MUSHTAQ HUSSAIN LASHARI1*, RABIA HAMEED1, UMER FAROOQ2, MUSADIQ IDRIS2 & ZIA UR REHMAN2

...dult humans (n = 40) and dogs (n = 30) grouped as males and females, were collected aseptically through appropriate measures. Thin blood smears were stained using Field stain ‘A’ and ‘B’. The PMNs were counted and observed for Barr bodies attached to them. Only the neutrophils with terminable lobes were examined and counted. The mean value ± SE of the Barr bodies was calculated and the difference between males and females of both...

MUHAMMAD AMJAD ALI1*, MUMTAZ AHMAD KHAN2, WAQAS AHMAD3, FAIZ-UL HASSAN4, SYED MUHAMMAD RAIHAN DILSHAD5, MIAN MUHAMMAD AWAIS1, MUHAMMAD IRFAN ANWAR1, MUHAMMAD RAZA HAMEED1 , MUHAMMAD ASHRAF SULTAN6 & HASEEB ANWAR7

...ertonic colloid fluid in dogs suffering from experimental hypovolemia. Acute hemorrhagic shock was developed in dogs to a touchstone blood pressure of 50 mm Hg, maintained up to 30 minutes. Resuscitation therapy was carried out using autogenous whole blood in dogs of group A (n=6) and hypertonic colloid fluid equal to the volume of lost blood in dogs of ...

Muhammad Usman1*, Aneela Zameer Durrani1, Nasir Mehmood2, Muhammad Hassan Saleem1 and Mamoona Chaudhry3

...ent in Borrelia-positive dogs. For this purpose, twenty-four dogs of different breeds were used in the study. These dogs were found Borrelia positive on PCR and equally divided into four groups (n=6). Group A was treated with doxycycline @ 10mg/Kg, B with azithromycin @ 20mg/Kg and C with clindamycin @ 11mg/Kg, and D with amoxicillin @2mg/Kg. All drugs were administered orally in different...

Hafiz Muhammad Farooq Yaqub1, Sehrish Firyal1, Ali Raza Awan1, Muhammad Tayyab1, Rashid Saif2, Muti ur Rehman3, Muhammad Wasim1*

...mor. Like human cancers, dogs have relatively high incidence of cancers, relatively large body size and responses to cytotoxic and other therapeutics. Small noncoding RNA having length of 22 base pair (bp) are called micro-RNA (miRNA), that are processed by Dicer from precursors with a characteristic hairpin secondary structure. miRNAs can regulate gene expression at the post-transcriptional level by binding to the 3′ untranslated region (UTR) of target ...

Hafiz Muhammad Farooq Yaqub1, Sehrish Firyal1, Ali Raza Awan1, Muhammad Tayyab1, Rashid Saif2, Muti ur Rehman3, Muhammad Wasim1*

...mor. Like human cancers, dogs have relatively high incidence of cancers, relatively large body size and responses to cytotoxic and other therapeutics. Small noncoding RNA having length of 22 base pair (bp) are called micro-RNA (miRNA), that are processed by Dicer from precursors with a characteristic hairpin secondary structure. miRNAs can regulate gene expression at the post-transcriptional level by binding to the 3′ untranslated region (UTR) of target ...

Viranga Kumudini Jayasundara¹*, Ali Khatibi², Jacqueline Tham²

...ices, and behaviours for dogs’ undesirable behaviours, and veterinary services (VS) to determine whether those affect free-roaming dog (SDP) population management. Simple random sampling was employed to select participants. The data was collected through in-person interviews adapting a closed-ended, structured questionnaire from 287 participants (dog owners who have local or native dogs). The measure was five point rat...

Pavana Jyothi Vanjavaka1, Mouradam Veerasami2, Mohana Subramanian Bhaskaran2*, Vijay A.K.B. Gundi1*

...nic virus in puppies and dogs. It was first reported in 1978; however, it was later replaced by three antigenic variants at different periodic intervals that now circulate globally with random strains. This particular study aimed to determine the genetic changes in the VP2 gene, which are responsible for creating different antigenic variants, and to understand their impact on pathogenicity. In contrast, molecular characterization has become an essential tool i...

Rafiullah1, Said Sajjad Ali Shah1*, Muhammad Ilyas Khan2, Anwar Ali3, Imtiaz Ali Shah1 and  Sohaib ul Hassan4

...than 60 camels died. Two dogs that consumed the meat of dead camels were also found dead in the study area. Different types of samples, i.e., tissue samples from dead camels (n=2) and blood samples from infected live camels (n=60) were collected from the study area for bacteriological, hematological, and parasitological studies, while for feed analysis, feed samples (n=20) were collected. Postmortem examination of dead camels revealed extensive hemorrhages in ...

Mariana Isti Dwiningsih1, I Ketut Suatha2 and I Ketut Puja3*

...illed semen on Kintamani dogs. The study used a completely randomized design, with four treatments and six replications. In experiment 1, sample examined immediately after added extender, experiment 2, 3 and 4 were. The results of the study found that the average motility percentages for semen transported at 0 hours, 1 hour, 2 hours, and 3 hours were 91.00% ± 0.89, 90.83% ± 0.75, 90.17% ± 0.75, and 89.83% ± 0.75, respectively. Simil...

Gökhan Ulukan1*, Zeynep Pekcan2, Zülfükar Kadir Sarıtas3, Ilker Etikan4, Serkan Sayıner5, Feride Zabitler6 and Fatma Eser Özgencil1

...OHE) period in 30 female dogs of different breeds and ages divided into three equal groups. OHE is reportedly associated with moderate pain. BLK was administered inside the ovarian bursa 10 min before ovary removal in Groups (G) 1 and G2 and linear to the incision line 10 min before entering the abdomen in G1. G3 was the control group. The intergroup comparison of pain mediators and GCPS-SF scores showed no significant difference between the GCPS-SF scores at ...

Mohammed Mijbas Mohammed Alomari1, Nawar Jasim Alsalih2*, Samir Sabaa Raheem2, Mohenned Alsaadawi2, Ali Mosa Rashid Al-Yasari3

...rous viral infections in dogs, but today the issues of microbiocenosis, features of the epizootic process, pathogenesis, and treatment of dogs with parvovirus enteritis complicated by associations of coccidia remain poorly understood. The aim of this work was to develop and evaluate the effectiveness of a method for treating dogs with parvovirus enteritis, complicated by associations of co...

Advances in Animal and Veterinary Sciences

August

Vol. 12, Iss. 8, pp. 1410-1621

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