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A Comparative Analysis of Open and Closed Anal Sacculectomy Performed on Dogs

A Comparative Analysis of Open and Closed Anal Sacculectomy Performed on Dogs

Fazal Ur Rehman1*, Saeeda Fatehullah1, Ayaz Qadir1, Suleman Ahmad2, Siddique Usman2, Muhammad Asif2, Mukhtiar Ahmed1, Sunaina Rafi3, Muhammad Mohsin2, Ayesha Amanullah4, Faisal Shahzad2, Hasnain Raza2 

1Department of Veterinary Medicine and Surgery, Lasbela University of Agriculture, Water and Marine Sciences, Uthal, Pakistan; 2Faculty of Veterinary Sciences, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan; 3Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan; 4Faculty of Food Sciences, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan.

*Correspondence | Fazal UR Rehman, Department of Veterinary Medicine and Surgery, Lasbela University of Agriculture, Water and Marine Sciences, Uthal, Pakistan; Email: fazal.vas@luawms.edu.pk 

ABSTRACT

The anal glands are paired structure in dogs which require the surgical removal in various diseased conditions . The current study was designed to compare the efficacy of open and closed method of anal sacculectomy for better outcomes in respect of post-operative complications in dogs. The study was performed on 16 adult dogs of either sex or breed with 1 to 3 years of age presented at University Outdoor Clinic which required anal sacculectomy. All the animals were categorized into two equal groups i.e. group-A and group-B. Group A underwent open anal sacculectomy and group 2 closed anal sacculectomy. To compare surgical techniques, various hemato-biochemical, physiological parameters and post-operative complications were evaluated. The data was analyzed by applying t-test using SPSS-20 version. There was a no significant difference between both groups with respect to vital signs and hematology profile. However, seroma, abscess, stricture of anal sacs, urine incontinence, wound dehiscence and fistula formation was observed more in group A of open anal sacculectomy compared to group B of closed anal sacculectomy. It was concluded that closed technique is somewhat superior in post-surgical outcomes than open sacculectomy in terms of post-operative complications. 

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Research Journal for Veterinary Practitioners

December

Vol. 11, Iss. 4, Pages 42-59

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