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Canine Populations in Vicinity are Propagating Canine Transmissible Venereal Tumour in Pakistan – A Pilot Study

Canine Populations in Vicinity are Propagating Canine Transmissible Venereal Tumour in Pakistan – A Pilot Study

Furqan Awan1,2, Sadia Nawaz3, Muhammad Muddassir Ali3,*, Asia Iqbal4, Raheela Akhtar5, Sehrish Firyal3, Haleema Sadia6, Arshad Javid4, Muhammad Rashid7, Muhammad Sulman Ali Taseer8 and Zhenling Zeng1

1College of Veterinary Medicine, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou, China
2Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore-54000, Pakistan
3Institute of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore-54000, Pakistan
4Department of Wildlife and Ecology, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore-54000 Pakistan
5Department of Pathology, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore-54000, Pakistan
6Department of Biotechnology, Balochistan University of Information Technology, Engineering and Management Sciences, Quetta, Pakistan
7Faculty of Fisheries and Wildlife, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore-54000 Pakistan
8Department of Pathology, Khan Bahadar Chaudhry Mushtaq Ahmed College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Narowal, Pakistan
 
* Corresponding author: muddassir.ali@uvas.edu.pk

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to record the distribution and the spatial and temporal trends of canine transmissible venereal tumor (CTVT) in pet dogs; and identify the potential factors that are playing important role in disease spread. A questionnaire-based study was conducted to identify the conditions and circumstances of CTVT affected dogs that presented to veterinary practices over a 12-month period. The practices were convenience-sampled on the basis of voluntary participation. Forty practices were approached, and veterinarians from 24 practices agreed to participate. Data were provided on 96 original presentations, excluding revisits, of which 47.92% were intact males and 52.08% were intact females with the mean age of 3.98 years. Moreover, further 96 controls were selected from the same clinical practices with same parameters. Among the dogs meant for different purposes, guarding purpose dogs were found more affected (n=59). While among the dog breeds, Labrador were over-represented (n=26) followed by mongrel dogs (bully, n=23). In winter season, higher number of cases (n=34; from November to February) was recorded as compared to other seasons. To explore further important features, non-linear categorical PCA was employed. Prominently canine populations in the vicinity were found to be more varied. This is the first epidemiological study done in Pakistan that has identified some novel trends and circumstances regarding the CTVT.

 

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Pakistan Journal of Zoology

August

Vol. 54, Iss. 4, Pages 1501-2001

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