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Manzoor Hussain*, Miloslav Zouhar and Pavel Rysanek

...2) (95.8%) infection. In greenhouse experiment, similar trend was found. L. muscarium proved to be more effective against M. hapla whereas S. rugosoannulata and C. rosea showed better results among other tested fungi in experiments. Moreover, plant growth parameters were also improved due to antagonistic relationship of fungi and nematodes in soil.

...

Manzoor Hussain*, Miloslav Zouhar and Pavel Ryšánek

... beets in laboratory and greenhouse trials. The fungi chosen were Arthrobotrys oligospora, Dactylella oviparasitica, Clonostachys rosea, Stropharia rugosoannulata, and Lecanicillium muscarium. In the laboratory experiment, S. rugosoannulata proved to be the most efficient biocontrol agent by parasitizing the maximum number of eggs, whereas D. oviparasitica appeared to be the least efficient after 72 hours. The greatest numbers of cysts and eggs were found...

Manzoor Hussain*, Miloslav Zouhar and Pavel Ryšánek

...ents were conducted in a greenhouse to determine the population dynamics of the root knot nematode, Meloidogyne incognita, and the nematophagous fungus, Lecanicillium muscarium, on tomato. The nematode population densities were measured by determining the number of galls and egg masses, juveniles and eggs per root system, and reproduction factor. Four initial populations (Pi) (500, 1000, 1500, and 2000 eggs) mixed with antagonistic fungal conidia levels (1&tim...

Manzoor Hussain*, Miloslav Zouhar and Pavel Ryšánek

...h soil application under greenhouse conditions. A significant (P=0.05) reduction in the number of galls and egg masses, eggs and juveniles (J2), and the reproduction factor (Rf=Pf/Pi) was observed in the plants treated with L. muscarium compared to the control. However, all chemical nematicides were also effective in reducing the nematode infestation significantly (P=0.05) in soil compared to the control, but there was no significant difference (P=0.05) among ...
Atta ur Rehman Khan1,2*, Nazir Javed2, Shahbaz Talib Sahi2, Tariq Mukhtar1, Sajid Aleem Khan2 and Waqas Ashraf3
...ted in eggplant roots in greenhouse pot trials. Neemex (5 g, 10 g and 15 g) and G. mosseae (100 g, 150 g and 200 g) were applied as protective treatment. The roots of eggplant were inoculated with 1000 second stage juveniles of M. incognita. Eggplants inoculated with nematodes only served as control. Each treatment was replicated tenfold. Data were recorded after one week interval up to five weeks to record different developmental stages of M....

A.A. Oyerinde, P.Z. Chuwang, P.Z. and G.T. Oyerinde

Evaluation of the effects of climate change on increased in-cidence of cowpea pests in Nigeria
Saleh S. Alhewairini1,* and Mahmoud M. Al-Azzazy1,2
...plants, was tested under greenhouse and laboratory conditions. A sharp reduction in the population of T. urticae was obtained after one week of applying Huwa-San TR50 at a rate of 4000 ppm. This resulted in mortalities of 82.10 and 78.60% under greenhouse and laboratory conditions, respectively. The side effects of Huwa-San TR50 on predatory mite, Neosiulus cucumeris, were also tested to gain successful impleme...

 Rabeea Tariq*, Khalid Mahmood Qureshi*, Imran Hassan*, Muhammad Rasheed* and Usman Shaukat Qureshi*

EFFECT OF PLANTING DENSITY AND GROWING MEDIA ON GROWTH AND YIELD OF STRAWBERRY
...rawberry production in a greenhouse using high plant densities and various media may be a viable alternative to openfield production system. Planting density can be increased thrice by using different production systems. Studies were conducted to see the impact of different planting densities and media on growth and yield of strawberry. The treatments were T = Control, with normal planting distance of 30 cm x 1 60 cm and growing media silt, sand and farm yard ...

 Ishaq Ahmad*, Abdul Rehman**, Ehsan –Ul- Haq*** and Arif Mahmood****

RESISTANCE RESPONSE OF RICE ( L.) GERMPLASM AGAINST RICE LEAF FOLDER ( G.) UNDER GREENHOUSE CONDITION IN PAKISTAN
...study was carried out in greenhouse of Plant Genetic Resources Institute (PGRI), NARC. Twenty six Pakistani genotypes of rice germplasm including 15 coarse and 10 fine genotypes were screened in pot experiment during 2011 including TNI, used as susceptible check. The damage results revealed that one genotype PK-8893-4-1-3-1 was moderately resistant, seven genotypes were moderately susceptible, eleven genotypes found susceptible and seven genotypes were highly ...
Mahmoud M. Al-Azzazy1,2 and Saleh S. Alhewairini1,*
...>N. cucumeris. Under greenhouse conditions, the mortality percentages were 81.17, 84.11, 92.74 and 95.10% for A. lycopersici and 15.86, 23.45, 33.33 and 58.19% for N. cucumeris after one week of exposure to 1000, 2000, 3000 and 4000ppm of Huwa-San TR50, respectively. Under laboratory conditions, the mortality percentages were 83.24, 85.13, 94.21 and 97.36% for A. lycopersici and 17.14, 27.55, 37.14 and 59.37% for N. cucumeris at...
Juan Augusto Hernández-Rivera1, Jaime Molina-Ochoa2,*, Luis Jorge García-Márquez1, Omar Francisco Prado-Rebolledo1, Rafael Julio Macedo-Barragán1, Arturo César García-Casillas1 and Muhammad Irfan Ullah3
...y the global warming and greenhouse effect in the environment. This review shows and update of the crossbreeding in dairy cattle in both hemispheres. Here, is reviewed the effect of heat stress on dairy cattle; the mechanism of autoregulation; the benefits of the heterosis in crossbreeding cattle by hybridization; the body condition score in crossbred dairy cattle; the yields in crossbreds; here is also discussed that even when there have been many crossbreedi...

Munazza Yousra1*, Sair Sarwar1, Muhammad Mahmood Ul Hassan1, Muhammad Zameer khan1, Abdul khaliq2, Shahbaz Ahmad1 and Shamim Ul Sibtain Shah3 

...ify;">The incubation and greenhouse experiments were conducted at National Agricultural Research Centre, Islamabad during 2015-2016 to evaluate the response of maize to different rates of ZnSO4.7H2O and Zn-EDTA in sandy loam soil. Treatments included Zn @ 0, 2, 4, 6, 8 mg kg-1 as ZnSO4.7H2O and Zn-EDTA, arranged in completely randomized design with three replications. In Incubation study, the soil was incubated at 29ºC and field capacity was maintained to...
Muhammad Zameer Khan1, Sair Sarwar1*, Ahmad Khan1, Razaullah Khan1, Munazza Yousra1 and Muhammad Ilyas2
.../div>...
Manzoor Hussain*, Marie Maňasová, Miloslav Zouhar and Pavel Ryšánek
...pla, on carrots in a greenhouse. All fungi and chemicals proved to be efficient in reducing the infestation level of Meloidogyne hapla and providing better growth of carrots compared to their controls. Maximum reductions in nematode population were observed in the plants treated with Lecanicillium muscarium and both chemicals. Lecanicillium muscarium treatments alone or with nematodes had significant (P = 0.01) pos...

Rahat Naz*, Mussawar Shah, Asad Ullah, Intikhab Alam and Younas Khan 

...sociation (P=0.000) with greenhouse gases has decreased the agricultural productivity; climate change has reduced the production of crops(P=0.000); soil erosion and landslides have increased(P=0.000); Due to climate change forests, fruits and vegetables have become scarce(P=0.000); water logging and salinity has affected the production of crops(P=0.000); and loss of agricultural productivity affecting the local economy with effects on human lives. The study co...

Muhammad Medrar Hussain*, Asad Jan* and Sayyar Khan Kazi 

...rated and established in greenhouse. For the evaluation of OsTZF8 gene role in drought stress tolerance, two weeks old rice seedling were subjected to drought stress. OsTZF8-OX transgenic indica line A and B displayed 69% and 64% survival rates respectively compared to 33% of control. These results confirmed that due to overexpression of OsTZF8 gene, transgenic line A and B displayed considerable level of drought stress tolerance. Additionally, the chlorophyll...

Samman Gul Vaseer1, Muhammad Rasheed1*, Muhammad Ansar1, Yamin Bibi2, Saqlain Shah1, Asma Hassan1, Lubna Ayub Durani1, Muhmmad Asif3 and Zuhair Husnain

... for leguminous crops. A greenhouse study was conducted to evaluate the effect of Co on inoculation slurry treated seeds of mung bean (Vigna radiata L.) to observe th...

Ahmad Khan1*, Raza Ullah Khan1, Sadia Khan2, Muhammad Zameer Khan1 and Fayyaz Hussain1 

...as laid out in CRD under greenhouse conditions. Three seeds of chickpea variety Dhasht was sown in each pot which was thinned to one plant. Results show that highest plant height of 45cm was obtained when HS applied at the rate of 30 mg l-1as followed by 44.67cm where HS was applied @ 45mg l-1. The highest number of pods/plant-1 (22) were obtained in HS applied at the rate of 30 mg l-1 followed by 22.00 at the rate of 45 mg l-1. The maximum biomass wt. 14.24 g...

Rana Shahzad Noor1,2*, Fiaz Hussain2, Muhammad Umair2, Waqas Aslam2, Muhammad Ameen4, Muhammad Adnan Islam3 and Muhammad Sheraz2 

 

...study was carried out at greenhouse research station, Northeast Agriculture University, Harbin in 2018 and 2019 crop years with three replications according to complete randomized design (CRD). The main objective of this research was to investigate the effect of four soil tillage systems on main crop peanut and wheat + second crop peanut in order to evaluate crop yield, fuel consumption and to perform economic analysis. Two years study results showed that the ...

Abdul Raqeeb1,3, Syed Moazzam Nizami2,4*, Aamir Saleem3, Lubna Ansari3, Saeed Gulzar3, Basit Ali3, Masooma Saleem5
 

...ation and development of greenhouse gas inventories under land use, land use change forestry (LULUCF). In this regard, empirical data of particular species for a specific forest ecosystem is of utmost importance. In the present study volume and biomass allometric of naturally growing Cedrus deodara tree in dry temperate regions of Himalaya has been developed from the empirical data collected from four different locations with three sites each as representative...

U. A. Al-Karim, A. A. Alshimaysawe, A. E. Mohammed† , W. A. R. Aljaafri and F. A. Al-Fadhal

Evaluation of biological seed treatments for management of Rotylenchulus reniformis on cotton

 K. Abbasi 1 , R. Wick2† and D. Zafari1

Chitinase activity of biocontrol fungi cultured from the golden potato cyst nematode, Globodera rostochiensis
...-agar in vitro and under greenhouse conditions. L. muscarium had the most potential and Fusarium solani was the least based on the number of parasitized juveniles and eggs in water-agar. Greenhouse trials showed T. atroviridae and B. bassiana had the highest dry root weight and tuber yield.

...

Faisal Shabbir*, Naeem Ejaz*, Daulat Khan**, Naveed Ahmad*, Jawad Hussain*, Muhammad Fiaz Tahir* 

INVESTIGATION OF USING PAPER INDUSTRY WASTE (HYPO SLUDGE) IN CONCRETE MIX
...of carbon dioxide gas (a greenhouse gas) and ordinary concrete
contains about 12% cement. The world’s annual production of cement is 1.6 billion tons which accounts for about
7% emission of carbon dioxide gas in atmosphere. Concrete industry is consuming large amount of natural resources
(gravel, sand, fine rock, water etc). In order to address such environmental issues related to cement manufacturing
there is dire need of rep...

Haiyan Yang1, Hongxia Liu1, Wenlong Wu1*, Weilin Li2 and Lianfei Lyu

...were grown in pots under greenhouse conditions, and were subjected to 20-day drought stress by withholding irrigation, followed by re-watering for 5 days. The changes in leaf water content (LWC), electrolyte leakage (EL), concentrations of photosynthetic pigments, protein, soluble sugar, hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), malondialdehyde (MDA), ascorbate (AsA) and reduced glutathione (GSH), activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and peroxidase (POD) in leaves of &lsq...

Ashraf Ismail Afia1 and Ahmed Soliman Mohmed El-Nuby2*

Soybean Genotypes Response to Root-Gall Nematode
... incognita race 2, under greenhouse conditions. Significant differences among the genotypes resistance degrees were achieved. Substantial variations existed among the soybean genetic resources with regard to the evaluated parameters. According to reduction percentage in reproduction factor (RPRF), the tested genotypes were ranked as resistant or susceptible to challenge nematode genus. The genotypes viz., G22, G111(100% RF) were found to be highly resistant (H...

Asma Rashid Tariq1,2*, Saadia R. Tariq2, Tariq Mahmud1 and Misbah Sultan1*

Selective Capture of CO2 from Mixture of Different Gases using Cellulose Acetate, Polyimide, Polysulfone and some other Polymers based Mixed Matrix Membranes: A Review
Rehman Akhtar1, Khizar Azam2, Abdur Rehman Babar1, Qazi Salman Khalid1, Rashid Nawaz1 and Imran Ahmad1 
 
...e of energy that reduces greenhouse effect. It holds utmost importance in a developing country with power shortcomings and pollution issues. Choosing the best site for a solar farm amid various location alternatives is a complex multiple criteria decision making (MCDM) problem as numerous conflicting qualitative and quantitative criteria demands to be considered. Based on the literature review the factors selected for the study are Quality of Terrain, Land pri...

Noor Ayaz1*, Faiza Aman1, Sidra Saleem1*, Maqbool Rehman1 and Muhammad Fahim2

Olive Cuttings as Affected by Different Concentrations of Indole Butyric Acid
...BA) on olive cuttings, a greenhouse study was conducted, at Agricultural Research Institute, Tarnab during the growing season 2016. Completely randomized design (CRD) was used with four treatments that were replicated three times. The IBA concentrations used were (T1: control, T2: 1000 mgL-1, T3: 2000 mgL-1, T4: 3000 mgL-1). Data were recorded on days to 50% sprouting, number of sprouts cutting-1, sprouts length cutting-1, number of leaves cutting-1, days to r...

Saleem Maseeh Bhatti1*, Aslam Khan Gadehi1, Inayatullah Rajpar1, Muhammad Nawaz Kandhro2, Mukesh Kumar Soothar1 and Zohaib Ur Rehman Bughio1

 

 

... line-height: normal;">A greenhouse experiment was executed to quantify the response of spinach (Spinacia oleracea L.) genotypes (English and Sindhi) against a range of NaCl salt-waters (EC 2.0, 4.0, 6.0 and 8.0 dS m-1) and canal water (EC 0.3 dS m-1). Spinach plants were irrigated with defined EC levels at 80% field capacity of a clay loam, non-saline soil. Results indicated that the growth and yield parameters of spinach g...

Shujaa Arshad1, Muhammad Umair1*, Rana Shahzad Noor1, Chaudhry Arslan2, Arslan Afzal1 and Zafar Islam3

...ulture for control sheds/greenhouses for cooling demands using solar energy. The system was developed using local materials and was installed to cool a small room. Parameters such as temperature and humidity were recorded for room and ambient environment. The results showed that prototype help to keep the room temperature up to 4 °C to 5 °C lower than the ambient temperature while using the only solar energy through PV panel. The use of solar energy wi...

Habiba ur Rehman, Muhammad Usman Ghazanfar and Waqas Raza

...ophomin phaseolina under greenhouse conditions. The treatments viz. Success, Nativo and Control with the concentrations of 2, 4 and 6mM were used with three replications under completely randomized design in greenhouse conditions. Nativo had given the most significant results in all studied traits as compared to all other treatments at the concentration of 6mM. The results showed that Nativo exhibited the maximum germination...

Samah A. Mokbel1, Ashraf A. Abd El-Mohsen2

... virus-free plantlets in greenhouse. The statistical analysis showed that cultivars and ratio of bed components and their interaction had insignificant (P>0.05) effects on minituber number and minituber weight. However, ratio of bed components and interaction with cultivars were significantly (P<0.05) affected on minituber diameter. Maximum minituber diameter (13.64 mm) was recorded for Lady Rosette cultivar treated with Vermiculite + Sand (4:1), followe...

Ahmed K. El-Attar; Samah A. Mokbel; Ali H. Hamed

...insect proof
greenhouse. The virus identification was done by indirect ELISA using specific
antiserum and confirmed by Reverse Transcriptase-Polymerase Chain Reaction (RTPCR)
using virus-specific primers. The molecular characterization for the Egyptian
isolate has been performed through cloning and sequencing for the OYDV CP gene
which amplified by RT-PCR then cloned and sequenced in the TOPO cloning ...

K.A. El-Dougdoug1, A.R. Sofy2, A.A. Mousa2 and E.E. Refaey2

...d with PVY isolate under greenhouse condition
were divided to three categories, resistant (Diamond, Execusa, Hermes and Valor), tolerant
(Sisi, Lady Balfor, Nikola, Ditta and Lady Rosetta), susceptible (Anabel and Spunta) based on
different external symptoms, the severity infection and virus concentration. Expressed protein
was differed in leaves of potato cultivars. Since PVY infection unexpectedly increased in<...
Eman A. Ahmed1, Osama Y. Shalaby2, Emad F. Dwidar2, Samah A. Mokbel1, Ahmed K. El-Attar1 
...nkles in an insect-proof greenhouse were
tested, including mechanical inoculation, wedge grafting, parasitic plant dodder (Cuscuta
campestris), insects in the family Cicadellidae (leafhopper, Empoasca decipiens) and in
germinated seeds within the fruit, suggesting mechanical inoculation and seedtransmissible
were not feasible while the positive results were obtained by the other three
techniques for h...

Samah A. Mokbel, Soad H. Taha, Mahmoud M. Abd-El Hamid, Ali H. Hamed

...lture medium or in vivo (greenhouse). The presence of the virus was evaluated by ELISA technique. Results demonstrated that application of 1000 mg/L lactoferrin by spraying or combined with tissue culture proved to be an effective method for PVX-inhibition as compared with other concentrations. Also, results of antiviral activity of lactoferrin at concentration 1000 mg/L showed great potential as phytotherapeutic source to produce quality and health plantlets ...

Manal A. El-Shazly1. M. I .Kobeasy2and Sarah H . Altalhi3

...hanical inoculated under greenhouse conditions. Wide variations of symptoms were found between cultivars. Super strain and super merman were found to be more susceptible than any other cultivar tested which showing 90% infection. Basil essential oil and ethanolic extract of Plantago major leaves was used as antiviral to reduce the infection with TSWV at three concentrations levels (500,1000 and 2000 μg/ml and 50,125,250 μg/ml, respectively).Viral infecti...
Allam A. Megahed, Badawi A. Othman, Samar S. El Masry, Abeer A. Faiesal and Mohamed A. Nasr Eldin
...ts
under the greenhouse conditions. The infected potato cv. Diamant gave positive DAS-ELISA result
using polyclonal antibodies against PVM. Moreover, the RT-PCR confirmed PVM in tuber sprouts
using coat protein gene specific primers with an expected amplicon of 520 bp. Electron Microscopy
examination revealed that, the viral particles were slightly flexuous rod shape with about 680 x 13 nm
in size. Ul...

Shimaa A. Khalaf1 , Mohsen M. Elsharkawy2, Samir A. Sidaros2, Shawky A. El Kewey2, Ayman F. Omar2, Ali Hamed1

...ate (CF) of GU23-3 under greenhouse conditions. Additionally, the expression levels of defense genes were assessed by reverse transcription PCR (RT-PCR) analysis.
Results: Both of virus severity and titer were significantly reduced in treated plants in comparison with the control. All growth characters and yield of cucumber plants were increased in GU23-3 treated plants than the control. RT-PCR analysis revealed increased expressions of different p...

Muhammad Rafique1, Muhammad Azhar Iqbal2, Inam Ul Haq1*, Muhammad Ramzan Anser2, Humara Umar2 and Muhammad Ashraf Sumrah2

...of light intensity under greenhouse conditions. The current study was conducted at Izhar farms (Pvt.) Ltd. under the collaboration with Barani Agricultural Research Institute (BARI) Chakwal to find out the appropriate light intensity for successful olive propagation under greenhouse conditions. The data regarding days to root initiation, number of roots, root length, days to shifting, rooted cutting percentage and callus per...

Muhammad Madni Afzal1*, Shahbaz Talib Sahi1, Amer Habib1, Waqas Ashraf2, Muhammad Ahmad Zeshan3, Muhammad Raheel2 and Qaiser Shakeel2

...onion in the laboratory, greenhouse and field. Completely randomized design (CRD) was used for in-vitro study and randomized complete block design (RCBD) for greenhouse and field experiments. Three desert plants i.e. Gossypium thurberi, Calotropis procera and Suaeda fruticose were used at 50 ppm, 100 ppm and 150 ppm concentrations. Maximum basal rot disease reduction (78.6%) was recorded at 150 ppm concentration of wild cott...

Salma Javed1* and Daniyal Siddiq2

...ethanol extracts. In the greenhouse, leaf extracts at 60 days after inoculation produced reduction in root galling, egg masses, and nematode populations in plants in treated containers compared to untreated plants (control) with values increasing as time and concentration increased. During sixty days of treatment, no significant effect was recorded in plant height and shoot weight for extracts and concentration. Extracts of S. cumini may have potential for con...

Mohammed Abdel-Mageed Abdel-Aziz Abdel-Mageed1, Eman Alsayed Hammad2*, Nashaat Abdel-Aziz Mahmoud1 and Anas Farag El-Mesalamy1

...lants cv. Strain-B under greenhouse conditions. Almost tested materials have significantly reduced nematode parameters compared to Oxamyl 24% L. and the untreated plants (check). The degree of nematode reduction varied according to the method of applications and the type of materials. Adding the extract with the chelating nutrients improved the properties of the plant, but adding the extract as doses to the soil reduced the numbers of nematodes better than oth...

Atef El-Sagheer1*, Anas El-Mesalamy1, Abdel-Monem Anany2 and Nashaat Mahmoud1

...imated in laboratory and greenhouse conditions. Results revealed that all the tested culture filtrates caused significant reduction in number of J2 in all treatments, compared to the non-inoculated control, where the hatching inhibition and mortality percentages increased with an increase in exposure time. At 24 hours, increased the mean number of J2 hatched slowly than in first stages of experiment. Similar patterns showed against M. javanica infecting squash...

Mazhar Ullah and Mohammad Sayyar Khan*

...essfully acclimatized to greenhouse condition. 

...

Samreen Khan*, Salma Javed, Tabassum Ara Khanum, Nasira Kazi

...nt of plant health under greenhouse and field circumstances in integrated pest management program. Being potential of these nematodes as biopesticides may be distributed to farmers to reduce use of insecticides already in practice and to control hazardous effect of chemical pesticides on both crops and human beings.
 
Novelty Statement | The present research effort was elaborated to conduct surveys and ...

Vahid Mollasadeghi1,2* and Samaneh Elyasi1,2

...ahr city in 2020-2021 in greenhouse conditions in order to reduce the damage caused by Virus Y in potato. Pathogen-free seedlings of potatoes were propagated and grown and then transferred to sterile plastic pots with suitable soil. The randomized complete block design (RCBD) was performed in three replications. Pars Humic treatment (Ammonium Humate) was treated with control concentrations (zero), 1, 2 and 3 per thousand. PVY-activated tobacco leaf extract was...

Kashifa Naghma Waheed*, Tariq Rashid, Sikender Hayat, Muhammad Azeem and Sajid Ali Naqvi

...ignificantly higher with greenhouse as compared to without greenhouse (at p < 0.05). Growth and survival rate of Catla catla were found more pronounced as compared to the other two carps under greenhouse cover. The results facilitated the objectives of this research that greenhouse cover can be applied practically for improvement in the growth and sur...
Soliman Mohammed Soliman
...ergy and contribution of greenhouse gas. Feed additives are one of the various dietary strategies that have been used to mitigate and reduce methane production in dairy cows. This aimed to determine the effects of three varieties of feed additives (green seaweed, probiotics Saccharomyces cerevisiae or Yucca schidigera) on in-vitro total gas and methane production, in-vivo rumen fermentation parameters, and milk production in dairy c...

Eman Alsayed Hammad and Atef Mohamed El-Sagheer

...ate were evaluated under greenhouse and open field conditions. Results indicated the ability of tested strategies to suppress M. incognita after being applied three times. Under protected conditions the pest reduction percentages of M. incognita and increase percentages in shoot dry weight were associated with the use of Marjoram emulsion oil (82.5, 208%), Chitosan (75.3, 105.8%), and Vermicompost (72.1, 93.4%) after chemical nematicide (93.0, 424.3%). Whereas...

Muhammad Anwar Ul Haq1*, Tariq Mukhtar1, Muhammad Inam-ul-Haq1 and Azeem Khalid2

...idogyne incognita, under greenhouse conditions. Of all the genotypes/varieties of eggplant, Janak and Pala were found resistant and moderately resistant to M. incognita respectively. Fifteen varieties/lines viz. EP-972, Kokila F1, EP-950, EP-906, Jhansi F1, Adv-301, KHBR-201, KHBR-202, KHBR-203, KHBR-204, EP-900, 2016, KHBR-205, EP-966 and Sultan were found susceptible while four genotypes namely Nirala, Dilnasheen, Wer and Bemisal showed highly susceptible re...

Eman Alsayed Hammad1* and Mahmoud Mohamed Hassanin Hasanin2

... forskohlii in vitro and greenhouse conditions. Nanoemulsions of thyme (droplets size was in the range of 25.4–32.9 nm) and spearmint (droplets size was in the range of 5.91–9.77 nm) at concentrations 4000 and 5000ppm separately, recorded the best results in vitro investigations, completely prevented F. oxysporum growth at all concentrations, and increased M. javanica mortality by 100%, in comparison to the non-treated control. In the

Ghalib Ayaz Kachelo1, Nasir Ahmed Rajput1*, Muhammad Atiq1, Shahbaz Talib Sahi1, Nasir Ahmad Khan1, Akhtar Hameed2, Noor Muhammad1 and Muhammad Saqib Mushtaq1

...pared to control. In the greenhouse, the most effective fungicide and plant extract were applied as tilt and moringa alone and their combination. The plants treated with tilt + moringa was found effective as compared to alone applications. tilt + moringa showed minimum disease incidence (15%) followed by Tilt (18.33%) and moringa (32.33%) as compared to control. While under the field conditions same combination of Tilt + moringa expressed minimum disease incid...

Yasemin Yıldırım Meşepınar and İlker Kepenekci*

...pae of P. operculella in greenhouse-pot experiments. S. feltiae was the most effective killing 6.33±0.61 (63.30%) larvae, whereas H. bacteriophora only killed 3.67±0.56 (36.70%) dead larvae. 0.17±0.17 (1.70%) larvae died in control group after 10 days and 9.33±0.33 (93.30%) developed into the pupa. For pupal stages, H. bacteriophora was more effective causing 48.30% (4.83±0.60) pupal mortality whereas S. feltiae caused 35.00%...

Hanaa H.A. Gomaa1*, Dalia Y.Z. Amin1, Mona A. Ismail1 and Khalid A. El-Dougdoug2

...fig plants and kept in a greenhouse. Symptoms were confirmed by DAS-ELISA. Strips of infected and healthy N. glutinosa leaves were viewed under light microscope. Extracted infectious sap of N. glutinosa leaves was examined using Transmission Electron Microscope. Total RNA was isolated from fig leaves showing symptoms and symptomless. Phylogenetic relationships were evaluated. Virus particles were detected by DAS-ELISA in extracts from inoculated host leaves. T...

Inam Ul Haq1*, Humara Umar1, Farah Umar2, Naeem Akhtar3 and Muhammad Jan4

...treatments in controlled greenhouse environment and tested for different rooting parameters. The results obtained showed significant effect on rooting ability of the cuttings. The appealing results obtained at T6 (IBA+UP+PB) where maximum rooting 56.8% with average number of roots per cutting 4.4 and root length 4.3 cm was observed. This treatment also showed higher callusing 80.5%, sprouting 83.3% and survival rate 51.1% as compared to all other treatments. A...

A. Ghasemzadeh1, S. Jamali1†, M. Esfahani2 and H. Pedramfar1

... split plot design under greenhouse conditions with four nematode populations, 0 (as control), 500, 1000 and 2000 second stage juveniles, and four sampling times (20, 40, 60 and 80 days after inoculation). After sampling, purification, identification, and population of root-knot nematode species and race were determined, and after amplification of purified population on the tomato cultivar cv. Rutgers, inoculums were sufficiently obtained. In four-leaf stage o...

Hira Anwar1, Muhammad Jabran1,3, Anam Moosa2, Usman Arshad2, Abdul Haseeb1, Abdul Jabbar1, Muhammad Burhan4, Amjad Abbas1, Muhammad Naveed5 and Muhammad Amjad Ali1*

...a infection on okra in a greenhouse experiment under completely randomized design (CRD). The results revealed that application of Enterobacter sp. MN17 significantly enhanced the root length (19.0), root weight (8.7), and shoot dry weight (19.6) as compared to other treatments. However, the combined treatment of Bacillus sp. MN54 + Enterobacter sp. MN17 + B. phytofirmans PsJN has successfully reduced the number of galls (10.5), number of females (23.2), egg ma...

M. S. Bajestani1, K. Dolatabadi2†, E. Mahdikhani-Moghadam1

... tomato cv. Karoon under greenhouse condition. Although all the treatments
reduced root infections rate and significantly effect on root weight (P ≤ 0.05). It was observed that when the
nematode inoculum increased, reproduction factor also increased while extract treatments effect decreased. In
between treatments, rosemary extract has the greatest impact on the reduction of nematode populations @ 40%
concentra...

M. A. Radwan†, M. M. Abu-Elamayem, S. A. A. Farrag and N. S. Ahmed

...s was investigated under greenhouse conditions. The results showed that all tested organic acids as well as the
application methods significantly reduced tomato root galls and 2nd stage juvenile numbers in soil compared with
control. Except DNSA and AA, foliar application of tested organic acids was more effective in reducing nematode
galls than soil drench application. Foliar application of ASA caused superior effect in the...

I. K. A. Ibrahim1, M. A. EL-Saedy2, S. F. A. Awd-Allah3 and Z. A. Handoo4,

...101' were studied in the greenhouse.
Inoculation with H. goldeni alone or one week before inoculation with M. incognita on rice cv. Sakha 101
resulted in a significant increase in the number of cysts of H. goldeni as compared to plants inoculated with M.
incognita concurrently or a week beforehand. When H. daverti or H. zeae were inoculated one week after
inoculation with M. incognita on rice cultivars Giza 178 o...

M. T. Javeed†, A. S. Al-Hazmi and Y. Y. Molan

...further evaluated in the greenhouse test on tomato against M. javanica. The three tested isolates inhibited
the reproduction, root galling and number of juveniles of M. javanica. The T. harzianum (isolate No.27) was the
most effective isolate.
...

Fawzia, I. Moursy1, Amira, Sh.Soliman1, A. E.M. Khalil2,Samaa, M. Shawky2 and A. A. Taher2

...ere conducted under both greenhouse and field conditions to determine seasonal fluctuation and
application of some bioagents to control root-knot nematode Meloidogyne incognita on cucumber. Seasonal
fluctuation of the root-knot nematode M. incognita was studied on two cucumber cultivars (Madia and Slaprty)
during the period from March to November in seasons 2015/2016 and 2016/2017. Soil population increased
gradu...

I.K.A. Ibrahim1 and Z. A. Handoo2

...a L.) was studied in the greenhouse. Seventeen rice cultivars were tested for resistance to Mi1 and Mi3. The results showed that rice cvs Araby, Giza 159, Giza 170, Giza 171, Giza 172, Giza 177, Giza 178, Nahda, Sakha 101 and Sakha 102 were either susceptible or highly susceptible to Mi1. Rice cvs A95, IR1, IR22 and Japonica 47 were moderately susceptible to Mi1, whereas cvs IR28, IR459 and Philippini 24 were moderately resistant to Mi1. On the other hand, all...

N. Hajra, F. Shahina1, †, K. Firoza1 and R. Maria

...) Roem was studied under greenhouse conditions. Six treatments were used; viz., C = Control, T1 = VAM only,
T2 = nematodes only, T3 = VAM and nematodes simultaneously, T4 = VAM fungi one week before nematodes and
T5 = VAM fungi one week after nematodes. Damage produced by nematodes was observed in T2 and T5, vascular
tissue obliterated by root-knot nematodes. However, VAM fungi suppressed the effects of root-knot nematodes i...

M.A.M. El-Saedy, A.A. Mokbel*† and S.E. Hammad**

... laboratory,
greenhouse and field conditions. Treatments with essential oils of arugula, camphor, castor, garlic, nigella, onion
and sesame resulted in 48.0-92.7% reduction in numbers of root galls/root under laboratory conditions. Similarly,
application of these oils resulted in great reductions of 59.2-92.8% and 47.4-89.6% in numbers of root galls and
egg-masses/root when oils appli...

A.W. Amin† and A.W. Mona*

...ally infested soil under greenhouse
conditions in two successive spring seasons (2011 and 2012). Cucumber, Cucumis sativus var. Sinai was planted as
a scion. Results indicate that cucumber plants grafted onto Ercola hybrid 6001, C. maxima x C. moshata (Ercola
6001) and Bh had highly significant less root galling, number of females and egg-masses than non-grafted and
infested one. The ...

F. Toumi†*,**, L. Waeyenberge*, R. Yousef***, H. Khalil****, K. Al-Assas*** and M. Moens*,**

...iv>A survey of 35 tomato greenhouses from Syrian provinces Tartus and Lattakia revealed the presence of
Meloidogyne incognita and M. javanica. In Lattakia province, M. javanica was the dominant species (91%) and M.
incognita found only once (9%). In Tartus province, M. incognita was the most prevalent species particularly in the
southern parts (76%) and M. javanica occurred in several locations (24%) in northern Tartus. The ...

A.A. Anter, A.W. Amin†, A.H. Ashoub* and A.S. El-Nuby*

...k was investigated under greenhouse conditions. All inducers were applied as soil dren ch to
tomato plants grown in 25 cm-diam. earthen pots. Three days-before nematode inoculation time treatment
maximized the efficacy of tested chemicals in reducing nematode galls, egg-masses and eggs numbers
followed by synchronized addition with inoculation. While, post-inoculation treatment was less effective.
Reiterative dos...

A.W. Amin†, A.A. Anter, A.H. Ashoub* and A.S. El-Nuby*

...ncognita in tomato under greenhouse condition. Results showed that all tested bacterial strains
showed significant reduction in nematode development and reproduction. The most effective strains were M.
methanica, B. cereus, B. brevis and O. proteus. They were achieving the highest reduction in nematode total
population and fecundity. Plant growth was improved as a result of application of rhizobacteria. Antioxidant

Ovirup Bhushan Paul1, Shodipta Sharma Urmi2, Md. Ashraf Ali Biswas3* 

...ors of increasing global greenhouse gases. The current study aimed to assess the effects of total mixed ration (TMR) and fermented TMR (FTMR) feed on digestibility, total gas production and pH of ruminants. Novel feeding techniques were implemented that combined fermentation to improve digestibility with locally accessible feed supplies using a completely randomized design. TMR feed was produced with 70% roughage of silage & rice straw and 30% concentrate ...
Saiwa N. Zein
...s were reproduced in the greenhouse on D.Kaki seedlings and tested host plants. Host range of the virus studied was restricted in Chenopodiceae. Cucurbitaceae. Ebenaceae. Leguminosae and Solanaceae. The identity of the virus to TRV was confirmed by mode of transmission. particle morphology and serological typing. Examination or the purified virus preparation 1» electron microscopy revealed rod-purify the Egyptian isolate of TRV. The yield of the virus wa...
Jaffar Hussain*, Zeenat M. Ali and Syed Farman Ali Shah
...stainable and release no greenhouse gas. 
...

ZAHOOR AHMAD SAJID1* & SHEZA AYAZ KHILJI2

...er experimentation under greenhouse as well as field conditions to draw meaningful conclusions.

...

Salim Saifullah1*, Tasmina Kanwal2 and Khadija Rehman2

...luding the production of greenhouse gases and photochemical reactions, have an impact on the composition of the atmosphere and the rise in air pollution. The release of pollutants resulting from human activities, including transportation and industrial processes, worsens air quality issues, thereby causing detrimental impacts on both ecosystems and human health. Moreover, there is a strong interconnection between air quality and climate change. Numerous atmosp...

Shiferaw Demissie Tola1, Diriba Muleta2, Fassil Assefa2 and Beira Hailu Meressa1*

...tudy was conducted under greenhouse conditions. A geometric series of 13 initial densities (0, 0.0625, 0.125, 0.25, 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 8, 16, 32, 64, 128 J2 (g soil)-1) of M. incognita was subjected to Dinsire. The treatments were arranged in a randomized complete design with four replications and terminated after 120 days of nematode inoculation. This study showed that the final nematode population, plant growth, and yields decreased as initial nematode inoculums ...

Nusirat Aderinsola Sadiku1, Oluwatoyin Adenike Fabiyi2* and Tesleem Taye  Bello

...des of Lactuca sativa in greenhouse trials. Bambusa vulgaris biomass was carbonised at 500 oC in a locally fabricated pyrolizer with automatic temperature control to obtain the Bamboo Pyroligneous Liquor (BPL). Two weeks old lettuce plants were inoculated with 1,000 juveniles of Meloidogyne incognita. BPL was applied at three concentrations of 100, 200 and 400 mg/ml. Results revealed that nematode infected lettuce plants treated with BPL recorded significantly...

Elbeshehy, E. K.F. and Sallaml, A.A.A.

...wn in various garden and greenhouses of Ismailia Governorate, Egypt exhibiting systemic mosaic, blistering, fruit malformation and stunted plant growth and identified by biological, serological and molecular analysis. The isolated virus gave positive reaction with CMV antiserum but not with antibodies of WW and SqMV using DAS-ELISA. CMV was able to infect different host plant species including squash, pumpkin, pepper, bean, Chenopodium amaranticolor and cowpea...

Sabry Y. M. Mahmoud; Maher H. Hosseny and Mamdouh H. Abdel-Ghaffar

...hs and then planted in a greenhouse to obtain materials for virus elimination studies. Virus status in vitro plantlets was determined by double antibody enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (DAS-ELISA) and biologically test before and after treatments The two cycles of thermotherapy at approximately 370C, during 40 and 30 days, resulted in 33.3 and 14.2% PVY elimination, respectively. Thus, these results indicated that thermotherapy is moderately efficient for vi...

Muhammad Adnan1*, Muhammad Nauman Khan2,3, Barkat Ullah2, Faisal Zaman2, Alevcan Kaplan4, Hubert O. Dossou-Yovo5, Sajid Ali Khan Bangash6, Sana Wahab7, Mehreen Ghazal8 and Muhammad Hassan Sarfraz9

Syed Said Badshah Bukhari and Ghulam Ali Bajwa
...g considerable amount of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. The deforestation, mostly due to illegal logging, is affecting multiple uses of forest resources, and equity and fairness within and between generations. It is increasing poverty directly in forest dependent communities by depriving them from their livelihoods. A great number of species are facing extinction due to deforestation. Based on these findings it is suggested that sustainable forest resourc...
Shad K. Khalil, John G. Mexal, Abdur Rehman, A. Z. Khan and Iftikhar Hussain Khalil
.... Seeds were sown in the greenhouse in Ray-Leach tubes at Fabian Garcia Center, New Mexico State University, USA. Seed soaked in distilled water for more than 4 days failed to germinate. Seed refrigerated after 1 day soaking had increased total emergence, reduced days to 50% emergence (T50). However, none of the treatments produced significantly heavier seedlings. Early emerged seedlings resulted in heavier shoots and roots than late emerged seedlings.

K...

Shams-ur-Rehman
...ngs were also grown in a greenhouse to compare the level of association of genetic variation with those observed in the natural stands. An ecotypic level of differentiation has been confirmed with several recommendations to improve plantations of the species in northern Pakistan and other countries....
Shad K. Khalil and John G. Mexal
... seedlings were grown in greenhouse for about 9 months under well-watered and nitrogen fertilized conditions, and then transferred to a growth chamber where measurements were made three days latter. All seedlings were watered to field capacity the evening before measurements were made. Net photosynthetic rate and PWUE over one day period were measured, followed by harvesting and determination of dry matter of foliage. Both mycorrhizal fungi caused substantial ...
Mohammad Saleem and C. A. Call
...in an 11-month (44-week) greenhouse study. Defoliation treatments were implemented when plants were 32 weeks old; and consisted of: equally clipping (3-cm stubble height) plants in monoculture and mixture zero, one, two or three times at 4-week intervals (32, 36. and 40 weeks after emergence), and clipping (3-cm stubble height) one species in mixture zero, one, two or three times at 4-week intervals (32, 36 and 40 weeks after emergence) without clipping the ...
Luqman1*, Zahid Hussain2, Tamana Bakht3, Miftah-Ud-Din1, Haroon Khan2, Muhammad
Rameez Khan1, Ata Ullah1 and Faraz Ali Shah1, Imtiaz Khan2 and Abdul Majid Khan Dawar2
...s are higher
...

Hafiz Muhammad Usama Shaheen1, Nasir Ahmed Rajput1*, Muhammad Atiq1, Ghalib Ayaz Kachelo1, Hadeed Ahmad1, Muhammad Wahab1, Muhammad Faran Tahir1 and Abuzar Hasnain2

... against B. oryzae under greenhouse conditions, separately and in combination by using three application methods (Preventive, Curative and after symptom appearance). Findings of contemporary study showed that, Azadirachta indica exhibited the best results in-vitro (10.29 mm) followed by Allium sativum (12.24 mm). Under greenhouse conditions, the combination of Azadirachta indica and Allium sativum expressed significant effec...
Wasseem Emam1, Mohamed E. Bakr2*, Marwa F. Abdel-Kader3, Mohamed M. Abdel-Rahim4, Ashraf I.G. Elhetawy4 and Radi A. Mohamed1
...construction of a ‘greenhouse’ type structure above a section of the pond. Over the length of the production cycle at three typical Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) farms, the study collected data on water quality and fish growth and at the end of the cycle, blood samples were taken and total production was recorded. At each farm, fish were divided into two identical ponds, one with a greenhouse covering 3% o...

Atyab Amjad1*, Riaz-Ur-Rehman1, Muhammad Shafique Khalid2, Samia Ikram1, Riaz Bukhari1, Muhammad Shafique3 and Muhammad Luqman4

...l Blanco cultivated in a greenhouse environment. Notably, the number of flower buds per plant did not exhibit significant variation across growing conditions, although Crystal Blanco again displayed a trend of superior performance. The largest bud diameter (20.2 mm) was recorded for Crystal Blanco grown under green netting. Crystal Blanco cultivated in a shade lath house demonstrated the longest vase life (8 days). In conclusion, this investigation suggests th...

Muhammad Ardas Daruslam1, Muhammad Irfan Said2*, Nancy Lahay3

...e of the contributors to greenhouse gas emissions (GHE). This gas is mainly produced from livestock waste such as poultry. These emissions can be overcome by enzymatic treatment, one of which is known as eco-enzyme (Ec-En). A total of 2 types of study objects were evaluated in this research, namely (1) related to the characteristics of Ec-En produced from 2 different types of vegetable waste, Kale (Ka) and Spinach (Sp) and (2) examining the optimal ratio of Ec...

Marwa M. El-Deriny1,2*, Rania H. Wahdan1, Marwa S. Fouad3 and Dina S.S. Ibrahim1,2*

... nematode in eggplant.In greenhouse, a standard microbial fertilizer (NPK) and four microbial isolates involved Pseudomonas fluorescens, Serratia marcescens, Bacillus subtilis, and Trichoderma viride were tested and it was found thatthe dual treatments composed of NPK and Pseudomonas fluorescens or T. viride, significantly reduced the total population of root-knot nematode, M. javanica, with a reduction percentage of 67.23 and 71.02% respectively. Also, concom...

Pakistan Journal of Nematology

June

Pakistan Journal of Nematology, Vol. 42, Iss. 1, Pages 1-87

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