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Chemistry, Air Quality, and Climate Change: Uniting the Pieces of the Puzzle

Chemistry, Air Quality, and Climate Change: Uniting the Pieces of the Puzzle

Salim Saifullah1*, Tasmina Kanwal2 and Khadija Rehman2

1Pakistan Forest Institute, Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan; 2 H.E.J. Research Institute of Chemistry, University of Karachi, Karachi-75270, Pakistan.

 
*Correspondence | Salim Saifullah, Pakistan Forest Institute, Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan; Email: salim_saifullah28@yahoo.com

ABSTRACT

Chemistry plays a major role in learning the underlying mechanisms responsible for changes in air quality, which subsequently exert substantial effects on climate patterns. Various chemical processes, including the production of greenhouse gases and photochemical reactions, have an impact on the composition of the atmosphere and the rise in air pollution. The release of pollutants resulting from human activities, including transportation and industrial processes, worsens air quality issues, thereby causing detrimental impacts on both ecosystems and human health. Moreover, there is a strong interconnection between air quality and climate change. Numerous atmospheric pollutants, such as black carbon and methane, exhibit substantial warming characteristics, thereby intensifying the greenhouse effect and expediting the process of global warming. The presence of aerosols and their chemical interactions can exert a significant influence on the formation and characteristics of clouds, thereby affecting climate patterns at both regional and global scales. Understanding the complex relationships between various factors are of the utmost priority in formulating productive policies and strategies for mitigating air pollution and the detrimental impacts of climate change. The objective of this review is to examine the complex interplay between chemistry, air quality, and climate change. In this discussion, we aim to demonstrate the key connections among these three components and underscore their wide-ranging consequences for environmental concerns.

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Pakistan Journal of Forestry

December

Pakistan Journal of Forestry, Vol.72, Iss. 2

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