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Study on the Extracting Technology for Antioxidant Oligopeptides from Donkey Meat by Two-Step Enzymatic Hydrolysis

Study on the Extracting Technology for Antioxidant Oligopeptides from Donkey Meat by Two-Step Enzymatic Hydrolysis

Lanjie Li1, Jingjing Zhang2, Ruiyan Zhang2, Ning Zhang2, Zixiang Wei2, Guiqin Liu1,*, Riaz Hussain Pasha3, Muhammad Akram Khan4 and Saif-Ur-Rehman5

1College of Agronomy, Liaocheng University, Liaocheng 252000, China
2Institute of Bio-pharmaceutical, Liaocheng University, Liaocheng 252000, China
3Department of Veterinary Biomedical Sciences (Histology), Faculty of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, PMAS-Arid Agriculture University, Rawalpindi, Pakistan
4Department of Veterinary Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, PMAS-Arid Agriculture University, Rawalpindi, Pakistan
5Department of Parasitology and Microbiology, Faculty of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, PMAS-Arid Agriculture University, Rawalpindi, Pakistan
 
* Corresponding author: guiqinliu@lcu.edu.cn

ABSTRACT

Donkey (Equus asinus L.) is an important source of medicinal material in China. Both the hide and meat of donkeys have a variety of physiological activities such as the hide is sufficiently employed for making Ejiao (Colla Corii Asini). The physiological efficacy value of donkey meat is not maximized due to lack of advanced extracting methodologies. In this study, an innovative extracting technology was established for the extraction of antioxidant oligopeptides from donkey meat by two-step enzymatic hydrolysis. The influence of enzymolysis on the degree of hydrolysis (DH) and protein recovery (PR) were evaluated, and the chemical composition, antioxidant activity, and molecular weight distribution of oligopeptides in hydrolysates were studied. The optimum enzymatic hydrolysis conditions were identified at 5.96 pH, 0.7% enzyme-substrate ratio, 55ºC temperature and 3 h time. Under these optimum conditions, DH of 25.4%, PR of 95% was obtained. Moreover, hydrolysates were rich in oligopeptides, especially di- and tri-peptides and demonstrated good antioxidant activities. These results introduce a new methodology with the provision of fundamental data for the production of antioxidant oligopeptides from donkey meat.

 

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Pakistan Journal of Zoology

August

Vol. 54, Iss. 4, Pages 1501-2001

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