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Sero-prevalance of Bovine Herpesvirus-1 and Its Associated Risk Factors in District Sheikhupura, Punjab Province

Sero-prevalance of Bovine Herpesvirus-1 and Its Associated Risk Factors in District Sheikhupura, Punjab Province

Iqra Qazi1, Sohail Raza1*, Masood Rabbani1 and Muhammad Avais2

1Institute of Microbiology, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore
2Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore
 
* Corresponding author: sohail.raza@uvas.edu.pk

ABSTRACT

Bovine herpesvirus-1 (BoHV-1) is globally circulated bovine virus of genital and respiratory importance. The present study was planned to investigate the sero-prevalance of BoHV-1 and its associated risk factors in District Sheikhupura, Punjab, Pakistan. The sample size was calculated using Raosoft sample size calculator. A total of 250 animals were sampled from herds of different sizes for sampling through convenient sampling technique. A questionnaire having variables related to animal species, age, herd size, parity, breeding method and housing management was filled at sample collection time. The serum samples were processed by indirect ELISA to detect antibodies against BoHV-1. The overall sero-prevalence was 68.40%. Post pubertal animals (>3yrs) contributing more to disease occurrence. High sero-positivity was observed in buffalo (73.12%) as compared to cattle (60%) moreover, the sero-prevalence is higher in animals of greater size herds. Parity status is in agreement of strong correlation with BoHV-1 infection. Evidently, positivity rate was higher in animals bred with artificial insemination as compare to natural breeding method.

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Pakistan Journal of Zoology

December

Vol. 54, Iss. 6, Pages 2501-3000

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