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Mass Rearing of Spodoptera litura using a Semi-Synthetic Diet Based on Wheat Germ and Tomato Paste

Mass Rearing of Spodoptera litura using a Semi-Synthetic Diet Based on Wheat Germ and Tomato Paste

Sumaria Maqsood1*, Muhammad Ali 2, Amna Shoaib3, Shahbaz Ahmad2 and Noor-ul-Ain2

1Department of Environmental Sciences, Kohsar University, Muree, Pakistan
2Department of Entomology, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan
3Department of Plant Pathology, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan
 
* Corresponding author: smaqsood.iags@pu.edu.pk

Fig. 3.

Pupal mortality of Spodoptera litura reared on different diets. Error bars indicate the mean of replicates. Values with different letters show a significant difference (P ≤ 0.05) within generations of similar treatments as determined by the LSD test.

Fig. 2.

Larval mortality of Spodoptera litura reared on different diets. Error bars indicate the mean of replicates. Values with different letters show a significant difference (P ≤ 0.05) within generations of similar treatments as determined by the LSD test.

Fig. 4.

Percentage pupation of Spodoptera litura reared on different diets. Error bars indicate the mean of replicates. Values with different letters show a significant difference (P ≤ 0.05) within generations of similar treatments as determined by the LSD test.

Fig. 1.

Eclosion (percent egg hatching) of Spodoptera litura reared on different diets. Error bars indicate the mean of replicates. Values with different letters show a significant difference (P ≤ 0.05) within generations of similar treatments as determined by the LSD test.

Pakistan Journal of Zoology

February

Vol. 55, Iss. 1, Pages 1-500

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