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Expression of Malaria in Swat Valley, Pakistan

Expression of Malaria in Swat Valley, Pakistan

Hina Habib Syed1, Muzafar Shah2*, Shahid Sherzada3 and Masroor Elahi Babar1

1Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Biology, Virtual University of Pakistan
2Center for Animal Sciences and Fisheries, University of Swat, Swat, Pakistan
3 Department of Fisheries and Aquaculture, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan

*      Corresponding author: muzafar@uswat.edu.pk

ABSTRACT

The present study was carried out in Swat valley for malarial disease in 2017. Blood samples were collected from all age groups patients visiting hospital labs and District Head Quarter Laboratory who were recommended for diagnosis of malaria. About 1050 patients were examined and malaria was detected through microscopy of thick and thin blood smears and rapid diagnostic test of which 118 (11.24%) were found infected with malaria parasite. Comparative Data was also collected from other labs of District Swat which accumulated to a total of 9255 patients, among which 932 (10.07%) patients were found positive for malaria parasite. Male infected were 558 (59.87%) while 374 (40.13%) were female. The collective data showed majority of the infected patients belonged to age group 1-10 years (41.42%). The least infected were aged above 60 years (0.86%). Month wise prevalence was found highest in the month of July (39.48%) i.e. summer season and lowest in the month of February (2.25%) i.e. winter month. Patients tested for malaria parasite belonged to the following seven (7) Tehsils wherein the rate of positive infected cases in descending order was: Barikot > Kabal > Babuzai > Matta > Khwazakhela > Charbagh > Bahrain. It is concluded from this study that P. vivax is the prevalent malaria causing parasite in district Swat. No case of P. falciparum was recorded. Furthermore, male are infected more than female, and malaria is common in children and youth of the area.
 

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Pakistan Journal of Zoology

June

Vol. 53, Iss. 3, Pages 801-1200

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