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Effect of Citric Acid Acidified Moringa oleifera Seed Meal based Diet on Minerals Absorption, Carcass Composition and Hematological Indices of Cirrhinus mrigala Fingerlings

Effect of Citric Acid Acidified Moringa oleifera Seed Meal based Diet on Minerals Absorption, Carcass Composition and Hematological Indices of Cirrhinus mrigala Fingerlings

Majid Hussain1, Syed Makhdoom Hussain2, Razia Iqbal3, M. Mudassar Shahzad4,*, Syed Zakir Hussain Shah3, Afia Muhammad Akram4, Nisar Ahmad5 and Muhammad Zubair ul Hassan Arsalan2

1Institute of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, The University of Lahore, Lahore
2Department of Zoology, Government College University, Faisalabad
3Department of Zoology, University of Gujrat, Gujrat
4Department of Zoology, Division of Science and Technology, University of Education, Lahore
5Department of Zoology, University of Education, Lahore, DG Khan Campus
 
* Corresponding author: drmudassarshahzad@gmail.com

ABSTRACT

This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of citric acid (CA) treated Moringa oleifera seed meal (MOSM) based diet on mineral absorption, carcass composition and hematological indices in Cirrhinus mrigala fingerlings. Basal diet was supplemented with 0%, 1%, 2%, 3%, 4% and 5% CA resulting in the formulation of six experimental diets. Ten fingerlings were stocked in tanks in triplicate for each treatment. Feed was given at 5% live wet body weight of fingerlings for 90 days. Results showed that diet acidification with CA significantly (p< 0.05) improved the mineral absorption, carcass composition and hematological indices of C. mrigala fingerlings compared to control diet. Data shows that mineral absorption was higher (p˂0.05) at medium levels of CA supplementation (2%, 3% or 4% levels) compared to extreme levels (1% and 5%). Maximum body crude protein and crude fat contents were observed in C. mrigala fed 2 % and 3% CA supplemented diets, respectively. Moreover, fingerlings fed CA acidified diets showed significant improvement (p< 0.05) in hematological parameters compared to control diet. Comparison of treatments showed maximum values of RBCs (2.83×106mm-3), WBCs (7.76×103mm-3), PLT (65.96), Hb (8.47 g/100ml), PCV (24.51 %), and MCV (187.11 fl) in fingerlings fed 3% CA supplemented diet. In conclusion, 3% CA acidified MOSM based diet performed better regarding mineral absorption, carcass composition and hematological indices C. mrigala fingerlings. 
 

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Pakistan Journal of Zoology

August

Vol. 54, Iss. 4, Pages 1501-2001

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