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Serologic Evidence of Bovine Herpes Virus-1 in Cattle and Buffalo Population of Punjab, Pakistan

Serologic Evidence of Bovine Herpes Virus-1 in Cattle and Buffalo Population of Punjab, Pakistan

Aqsa Batool1, Masood Rabbani1*, Farhat Nazir Awan2, Sohail Raza1, Sehrish Firyal3 and Shahan Azeem1

1Institute of Microbiology, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore
2Provincial Diagnostic Laboratory, Livestock and Dairy Development, Punjab, Lahore
3Institute of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore
 
* Corresponding author: mrabbani@uvas.edu.pk

ABSTRACT

Bovine herpesvirus 1 (BoHV-1) is an emerging disease responsible for high production losses in the dairy animals. A cross-sectional study was conducted to determine the seroprevalence of BoHV-1 in and associated risk factors with disease prevalence in various agro-ecological zones of Pakistan focusing on the Punjab Province. A total of 400 samples were randomly collected from cattle and buffalo of wheat rice Punjab, mixed Punjab, cotton/wheat Punjab, Low intensity Punjab and Rain-fed Punjab zones. The study revealed individual seroprevalence of BoHV-1 49.5% in cattle and 51.5% in buffalo. Over all prevalence in five zones of Punjab was observed as 25% in mixed Punjab to 71.25% in Rain-fed Punjab. The BoHV-1 seropositivity ranged from 30 - 60% in cattle and 20-75% in buffaloes. Age, breeds of animals and milking status were not found to be potential risk factors for the disease. Logistic regression demonstrated that herd size (>thirty), parity (>2) and abortion history are potential risk factors associated with seroconversion of BoHV-1.

 

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Pakistan Journal of Zoology

December

Vol. 54, Iss. 6, Pages 2501-3000

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