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Prevalence of Malaria Infection in District Dir Lower, Pakistan

Prevalence of Malaria Infection in District Dir Lower, Pakistan

Hanif Ullah1, Muhammad Inayat Ullah Khan2, Suleman3, Sawar Khan1,Salma Javed4, Abdul Qadeer1, Mohsin Nawaz1, Sardar Azhar Mehmood4

1Shanghai Veterinary Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Shanghai 200241, China
2State Key Laboratory of Biogeology and Environmental Geology, China University of Geosciences, Wuhan, China
3Department of Zoology, University of Swabi, Swabi, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan
4Department of Zoology, Hazara University, Garden Campus Mansehra, Pakistan

Corresponding author: Hanif Ullah,



Malaria is a mosquito borne infectious disease caused by protozoan parasite of the genus Plasmodium. In Pakistan, P. vivax and P. falciparum are common species. The current study was designed to investigate the prevalence of malaria infection in District Lower Dir Pakistan. A total of 1750 blood samples were collected from seven tehsils of District Lower Dir (January to December 2013). The data were analysed tehsils wise, month wise, gender wise, age wise and species wise. Thick and thin smear were prepared and examined under microscope. The data was statistically analysed in Microsoft excel. Out of 1750, 214 (12.2%) blood samples were found positive. The higher rate of infection was found under the age group of ten year (14.9%) and lowest rate of infection was found (9.30%) in the age group of 11-30 in female. The maximum number of cases of malaria were detected in August (21.37%) and minimum number (4.8%) in January. The highest prevalence of malaria was noticed 15.2% in tehsil Timer gara and the lowest prevalence 9.6% was recorded in Samar Bagh. Gender wise prevalence was higher in children (14.9%) than in females (9.30%). The prevalence of P. vivax was higher (90%) than that of P. falciparum (10%). Consequently, the children under the age of ten years were found highly effected and implicated with weak immunity whereas P. vivax was found the most common causative agent of malaria in District Dir Lower, which needs immediate attention to take preventive measures. 

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Punjab University Journal of Zoology


Vol.38, Iss. 2, Pages 137-236


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