Submit or Track your Manuscript LOG-IN

Prevalence and Risk Factors of Bovine Tuberculosis in Cattle and Dairy Farm Workers in Mirpurkhas and Badin Districts of Sindh, Pakistan

Prevalence and Risk Factors of Bovine Tuberculosis in Cattle and Dairy Farm Workers in Mirpurkhas and Badin Districts of Sindh, Pakistan

Muhammad Qasim Mazari1, Dildar Hussain Kalhoro1,*, Hasina Baloch1, Muhammad Saleem Kalhoro2, Shahid Hussain Abro1, Rehana Buriro1, Asmatullah Kaka1, Fahmida Parveen1, Mazhar Hussain Mangi3, Ghulam Murtaza Lochi1, Abdul Ahad Soomro4, Ali Gul Soomro1, Abdul Ghaffar Abbasi1 and Sarfraz Hussain Depar1

1Departmnent of Veterinary Microbiology, Faculty of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Sciences, Sindh Agriculture University, Tandojam-70060, Pakistan
2Department of Animal Products Technology, Faculty of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Sciences, Sindh Agriculture University, Tandojam-70060 
3Laboratory of Animal Pathology and Public Health, Key Laboratory of Zoonosis, Ministry of Agriculture, College of Veterinary Medicine, China Agriculture University, Beijing, China.
4Central Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory, Tandojam, Sindh, Pakistan
 
* Corresponding author: drdildarkalhoro@gmail.com

ABSTRACT

During present study a total of 800 samples were collected from two hundred descriptive (Holstein Friesian) and non-descriptive (Thari) cattle breeds from districts of Mirpurkhas and Badin, 400 samples were taken from each district. Animals were first screened through Single Intradermal Tuberculin Test (SITT) then positive and negative reactors of SITT were further investigated through Rapid BTB Ab test, culture examination and ELISA test. Risk factors such as sex, age, health status, lactating, non-lactating and breed were also investigated. In district Mirpurkhas prevalence was 4%, 15%, 2%, 1%, while in district Badin it was 5%, 18%, 3%, 2% through SITT, Rapid BTB Ab test, culture examination and ELISA test, respectively. Prevalence of bovine tuberculosis in Mirpurkhas district via cultural examination was recorded as 1.66%, 2.5% in milk and nasal samples, while in district Badin it was 1.66%, 5%, respectively. The overall prevalence of bovine tuberculosis was 5.5% and 7% in Mirpurkhas and Badin districts through tuberculin, Rapid BTB Ab, Culture examination and ELISA test. Different tests such as SITT, Rapid BTB Ab, culture examination and ELISA test showed that the prevalence of bovine tuberculosis was higher in females, animals above the six years of age, lactating animals, descriptive breed and animals having poor health status. Furthermore, 1% and 2% prevalence was recorded in farm workers at district Mirpurkhas and Badin. It is concluded that disease was prevalent in both districts however; relatively higher prevalence was observed in district Badin.

 

To share on other social networks, click on any share button. What are these?

Pakistan Journal of Zoology

August

Vol. 54, Iss. 4, Pages 1501-2001

Featuring

Click here for more

Subscribe Today

Receive free updates on new articles, opportunities and benefits


Subscribe Unsubscribe