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Earth Worms and Vermicomposting: A Review on the Story of Black Gold

Earth Worms and Vermicomposting: A Review on the Story of Black Gold

Ali Ahmad1*, Zubair Aslam1, Korkmaz Bellitürk2, Naeem Iqbal3, Muhammad Idrees3, Muhammad Nawaz4, Muhammad Yasir Nawaz5, Muhammad Kashif Munir6, Ahmad Kamal1, Ehsan Ullah1, Muhammad Ahsan Jamil1, Yousuf Akram1, Tanveer Abbas1 and Muhammad Mohsin Aziz1

1Department of Agronomy, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, 38000, Pakistan; 2Department of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, Faculty of Agriculture, Tekirdag Namık Kemal University, Suleymanpasa Tekirdag, Turkey; 3Plant Physiology Section, Agronomic Research Institute, AARI, Faisalabad, Pakistan; 4Vegetable and Oil Seed Section, Agronomic Research Institute, AARI, Faisalabad, Pakistan; 5Department of Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, 38000, Pakistan; 6Cereals and Pulses Section, Agronomic Research Institute, AARI, Faisalabad, Pakistan.

ABSTRACT

Presenting the world state of the art review, which summarizes the core ideas from experiments performed by expert researchers on vermicomposting. Vermicompost is a finely decomposed peat like material having good aeration, high drainage, good water holding capacity, microbial activity, superior in nutrient status and buffering capacity therefore having the amiable required physiochemical charms for fertility of soil and growth of plant. The worms increase the biological decomposition of organic substrates by maintaining the aerobic conditions of the organic substrates. Experiments on earthworms and the vermicast production by different species are also included in review. The paper also reveals fitness or compatibility of different species of earthworms to ‘bioprocess’ variation in different forms of organic waste. The review also presents the basic idea of all those research studies about effect of vermicomposting on different parameters of plant growth. Such an explanatory review is remarkably few and far among studies about the impact on plants of vermicasts prepared from aquatic weeds and agriculture wastes.

 

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Pakistan Journal of Zoology

August

Vol. 53, Iss. 4, Pages 1201-1601

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