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Effect of Different Sowing Dates and Cultivars on Growth and Productivity of Mungbean Crop

Effect of Different Sowing Dates and Cultivars on Growth and Productivity of Mungbean Crop

Maqsood Ahmad1, Muhammad Umer Chattha1, Imran Khan1, Muhammad Bilal Chattha2*, Faqir Hussain Anjum3, Sadia Afzal4, Muhammad Faran1, Fiaz Hussain3, Muhammad Talha Aslam1, Abdul Jabbar5, Muhammad Sultan Ali Bazmi5, Mahnoor Mehmood6 and Muhammad Umair Hassan1

1Department of Agronomy, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, 38040, Pakistan; 2Institute of Agricultural Sciences, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan; 3Directorate of Agronomy, Ayub Agricultural Research Institute, Faisalabad, Pakistan; 4Department of Chemistry, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, 38040, Pakistan; 5Fodder Research Institute Sargodha, Pakistan; 6Department of Botany, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan.

 
*Correspondence | Muhammad Bilal Chattha, Institute of Agricultural Sciences, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan; Email: bilal1409@yahoo.com

ABSTRACT

Sowing time is an important agronomic factor that significantly affects plant growth, development and final production. Similarly, suitable cultivar also plays an appreciable role in final productivity. Therefore, the present study was conducted to determine the effect of variable sowing dates and cultivars on the growth and productivity of mungbean. The study was conducted in RCBD with a split arrangement having three replications at Agronomic Research Area, University of Agriculture Faisalabad. The experiment consisted of different sowing dates (SD); 25th April, 5th May and 15th May and variable mungbean cultivars Azri Mung-2006, NM-2011 and NM-2006. The maximum plant height (52.67 cm), pod length (11.39 cm), pods/plant (22.11), seed yield (1300.22 kg ha-1) and biological yield (4439.56 kg ha-1) was recorded in crop sown on 25th April and minimum plant height (43.67 cm), pod length (9.92 cm), pods/plant (18.33), seed yield (1975.22 kg ha-1) and biological yield (3761.67 kg ha-1) was recorded in crop sown on 15th May. In the case of cultivars, NM-2006 performed remarkably well and had maximum plant height (50.56 cm), pod length (11.59 cm), pods/plant (21.56), seed yield (1279.67 kg ha-1), biological yield (4373.11 kg ha-1) and Azri-Mung 2006 had minimum plant height (44.78 cm), pod length (9.60 cm), pods/plant (19.22), seed yield (1029.22 kg ha-1) and biological yield (3794.22 kg ha-1). In conclusion, mungbean should be sown on 25th April to get the maximum production in rice-wheat cropping system (RWCS). Additionally, cultivar NM-2006 can be grown in RWCS to get maximum production.

 

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Pakistan Journal of Zoology

October

Vol. 53, Iss. 5, Pages 1603-2000

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