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Seroprevalence and Risk Factor Analysis of Toxoplasma gondii Infection in Pet Dogs of Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

Seroprevalence and Risk Factor Analysis of Toxoplasma gondii Infection in Pet Dogs of Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

Mian Adnan Kakakhel1, Faryal Gohar1, Zahid Anwar2, Raza Ullah1, Muhammad Attaullah3, Shahbaz Ahmad4, Aamir Khan5, Kalimullah5*

1MOE Key Laboratory of Cell Activities and Stress Adaptations, School of Life Sciences, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou, 730000, P. R. China
2Faculty of Animal Genomics and Biotechnology, PARC Institute of Advanced Studies in Agriculture, National Agricultural Research Center, Islamabad 45500
3Department of Zoology, University of Malakand, Chakdara, 18800 KPK, Pakistan
4School of Biological Engineering, University of Science and Technology Beijing, P. R. China
5Department of Zoology Kohat University of Science and Technology, 26000 Kohat, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

Corresponding author: Kalimullah, drkhancemb@gmail.com

ABSTRACT

Toxoplasmosis is a parasitic disease caused by T. gondii, which infects warm-blooded animals worldwide. This study was conducted with the main objectives, determination of seroprevalence of T. gondii infection in pet dogs. To evaluate the main associated risk factors related with T. gondii exposure to this region. A total of a hundred number of blood samples (72 males and 28 females) were collected from Peshawar, Pakistan. The serum samples were analyzed for IgG and IgM by using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and statistical analysis carried out. Out of these tested samples, 20% were positive for both IgG and IgM against T. gondii. The positive prevalence of T. gondii was 11.11% in male dogs and 42.85% in female dogs. Further details of results are given in below in main data. The finding results indicate that the seroprevalence of T. gondii is high and it is a posing concern to public health, but comparatively, our study shows a less prevalence rate as compared to other cities of Pakistan. Preventive measure must be taken to control the T. gondii infection.
 
Novelty Statement | This is first study that has been conducted in the whole province of Khyber Pakhtnnkhwa for the safety of dog owners in Peshawar.
 

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Punjab University Journal of Zoology

December

Vol. 35, Iss. 2, pp. 167-268

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