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Detection of Mycoplasma bovis from Cattle Presented for Slaughter in Adamawa and Taraba States, Northeastern Nigeria

Markus I. Francis1*, Paul I. Ankeli2, Clara N. Kwanashie1, Jibril Adamu1, Lushaikyaa Allam1, Mashood A. Raji3, Godwin O. Egwu4, Flavio Sacchini5 and Massimo Scacchia5

1Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria; 2Bacteria Vaccine Production Division, National Veterinary Research Institute, Vom, Nigeria; 3Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria; 4Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Abuja, Abuja, Nigeria; 5Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale dell’ Abruzzo e del Molise “G. Caporale”, Teramo, Italy.

 
*Correspondence | Markus I. Francis, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria; Email: markfrancis4u@gmail.com

ABSTRACT

Mycoplasma bovis is the second most important mycoplasmas causing a variety of diseases in cattle worldwide. This study was aimed to report the PCR identification of M. bovis from slaughtered cattle in northeastern Nigeria. Four hundred and eighty (480) samples of lung tissues (180), nasal swab (180), ear swab (60) and pleural fluid (60) were collected from 190 heads of cattle at slaughter in Yola and Jalingo abattoirs in Adamawa and Taraba States, respectively Samples were processed based on standard laboratory protocols. An overall Mycoplasma bovis isolation rate of 0.83% (4/480) was obtained. Based on the states studied, 1 (0.35%) and 3 (1.53%) M. bovis were isolated from Adamawa and Taraba States, respectively with an insignificant association between M. bovis infection and the states sampled (P>0.05). Based on organs/site sampled, 2 (5.40%) isolates of M. bovis were from lung tissues and 1 (2.70%) were from both pleural fluid and ear swab samples. All the 4 isolates were confirmed as M. bovis by the presence of one band of 734 bp. The study had established first isolation of M. bovis from the ear canal of cattle at slaughter in the study area. Therefore, large scale epidemiological studies that will reveal the true prevalence and distribution of M. bovis infection in cattle population in Nigeria are recommended.

 

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Pakistan Journal of Zoology

October

Vol. 52, Iss. 5, Pages 1631-2026

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