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The Protective Effect of Ellagic Acid on Cyclophosphamide Induced Renal Damage in Rats

The Protective Effect of Ellagic Acid on Cyclophosphamide Induced Renal Damage in Rats

Muhammad Nasir Bhaya1,2* and Hikmet Keles2

1University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences Lahore, Pakistan
2Department of Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Afyon Kocatepe University, 03030, ANS Campus Afyonkarahisar, Turkey
 
* Corresponding author: dr.muhammadnasir399@gmail.com

ABSTRACT

Cyclophosphamide (CP) is used alone or in combination with other therapeutic agents to treat different malignant tumors. Nephrotoxicity is one of the major side effects of it. Ellagic acid (EA) is a polyphenol, known for its antioxidant properties. In this study, the protective effect of EA on CP-induced renal damage was evaluated. For this purpose, 24 rats were divided into four groups, control, CP, CP+EA50, and CP+EA75. Histopathological examination of kidneys revealed hyperemia, epithelial degeneration, swelling, cystic dilatation and luminal proteinaceous material in tubuli, congested and hypercellular glomeruli and also inflammatory cells infiltration in the cortical and medullary area in CP group. Significant decrease of pathological lesions was found in CP+EA groups especially in the CP+EA75 group. In immunohistochemical sections, 8-hydroxy-2-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) and hypoxia-inducible factor-1 alpha (HIF-1α) revealed less positivity in EA received groups but B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2) revealed more positivity as compared to CP. Both histopathological and immunohistochemical findings revealed that EA has a protective effect against CP-induced renal damage in rats.

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Pakistan Journal of Zoology

June

Pakistan J. Zool., Vol. 56, Iss. 3, pp. 1001-1500

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