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The First Record of Eurasian Spoonbill (Platalea leucorodia) Nesting in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia with a Description of Nest Attendance Behavior

The First Record of Eurasian Spoonbill (Platalea leucorodia) Nesting in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia with a Description of Nest Attendance Behavior

Monif AlRashidi1*, Sami Saeed M. Hassan2 and Mohammed Shobrak3

1Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Ha’il, PO Box 2440, Ha’il, Saudi Arabia.
2Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, University of Khartoum, Khartoum, Sudan.
3Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Taif University, PO Box 11099, Taif 21944, Saudi Arabia.

*      Corresponding author: m.alrashidi@uoh.edu.sa

ABSTRACT

This study recorded the first nesting attempt of the Eurasian Spoonbill (Platalea leucorodia) in Al-Fanateer Island, located about 1.5 km east of Jubail Industrial City, Eastern Province, Saudi Arabia. A trail camera was used to record and describe the nest attendance behavior of this species over 24 h. The results showed that the egg was incubated more than 80% in each two-hour period except for the periods (00:00 - 01:59 h; 02:00 - 03:59 h and 20:00 - 21:59 h) when it was incubated 56.67 %, 29.17 % and 45.00 % respectively. The incubating parent spent more time sitting on the egg rather than standing on the nest in each two-hour period except for the periods (02:00 - 03:59 h and 20:00 - 21:59 h) when the parent never sat on the egg during the period (02:00 - 03:59 h) and sat for only 16.67 % during the period (20:00 - 21:59 h). Moreover, the incubating adult seemed to avoid facing the sun which may be considered a behavioral mechanism to protect the egg from direct sunlight.
 

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Pakistan Journal of Zoology

February

Vol. 54, Iss. 1, Pages 1-501

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