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Review: Potential Transmission of Toxoplasmosis through Consumption of Raw Goat’s Milk

Review: Potential Transmission of Toxoplasmosis through Consumption of Raw Goat’s Milk

M. Fatmawati1, L.T. Suwanti2*, Mufasirin3

1Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Airlangga University, Laboratory of Pubic Heath, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Brawijaya University, Surabaya, Indonesia; 2Laboratory of Parasitology Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Airlangga University, Surabaya, Indonesia; 3Puncak Dieng, Kunci, Kalisongo Kec Dau Kab Malang, East Java 65151 Indonesia.

 
*Correspondence | L.T. Suwanti, Laboratory of Parasitology Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Airlangga University, Surabaya, Indonesia; Email: lucia-t-s@fkh.unair.ac.id

ABSTRACT

Toxoplasmosis is a zoonotic disease caused by Toxoplasma gondii. The definitive host of T. gondii is the cat, while the intermediate hosts are all mammals. Livestock become infected by ingesting sporulated oocysts in the environment, while humans can be infected by T. gondii due to environmental contamination by T. gondii oocysts, consumption of foods and milk containing cysts or tachyzoites of T. gondii. Raw milk is a risk factor for toxoplasmosis in humans. This paper discusses the presence of T. gondii in raw milk from various animals in both artificial and natural infections, the survival of T. gondii in milk and its derivatives and raw milk as a risk factor for toxoplasmosis in humans.
 
Keywords | Toxoplasmosis, Raw milk, Environmental contamination

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Advances in Animal and Veterinary Sciences

November

Vol. 10, Iss. 11, Pages 2275-2463

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