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Prevalence of Gastro-Intestinal Parasites in Pigeons of District Jhang-Pakistan

Prevalence of Gastro-Intestinal Parasites in Pigeons of District Jhang-Pakistan

Muhammad Fiaz Qamar1*, Tahir Hussain1, Iram Liaqat2, Madiha Kiran1, Abdur Rahman Ansari3, Faiza Yasmeen1 and Tahira Batool3

1Department of Pathobiology, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore sub-campus CVAS, Jhang-35200, Pakistan; 2Department of Zoology, Government College University, Lahore-54000, Pakistan; 3Department of Basic Sciences, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore Sub-Campus CVAS, Jhang-35200, Pakistan.

*Correspondence | Muhammad Fiaz Qamar, Department of Pathobiology, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore sub-campus CVAS, Jhang-35200, Pakistan; Email: fiaz.qamar@uvas.edu.pk 

ABSTRACT

Pigeons (Columba livia), the members of Columbidae family are domesticated all around the globe in the villages, towns and cities. Jhang is a distant and underdeveloped district of Punjab province, Pakistan. The purpose of the present study was the determination of the prevalence of gut parasites in domestic pigeons through routine laboratory methods in district Jhang. Fresh fecal samples (n = 1800) of pigeons were gathered in plastic bags from district Jhang home fanciers and local retailers. Smearing, sedimentation, and flotation procedures were among the various parasitological methods used to analyze all of the samples that were gathered. Herein, the prevalence of coccidiosis was 70.7% and that of capillariasis was 15.7% whereas, mixed infection was 13.4%. Eggs per gram (EPG) were recorded as 750 and 700 for Coccidia and Capillaria, respectively. This study recommends the proper management and deworming strategies to reduce the risk of economic losses due to parasitic infections. This was the first study to determine the incidence of these parasitic infections in pigeons of district Jhang. However, further studies are necessary to confirm the reported incidence in the current investigation by means of advanced molecular techniques. 

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Pakistan Journal of Zoology

June

Pakistan J. Zool., Vol. 56, Iss. 3, pp. 1001-1500

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