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Morphogenetic Analysis of Different Flue Cured Virginia (FCV) Exotic Hybrid Varieties

Morphogenetic Analysis of Different Flue Cured Virginia (FCV) Exotic Hybrid Varieties

Aimal Zeb1, Abdur Rauf1*, Nabila Bano2, Muhammad Qayash3, Muhammad Yasin4, Ikramullah Khan1, Syed Abidullah1, Wisal Khan5, Muhammad Asmat Ullah2, Abdul Ghaffar Khan6 and Samrin Gul

1Garden Campus, Department of Botany, Abdul Wali Khan University, Mardan, Pakistan; 2Pakistan Tobacco Board, Mardan (Ministry of National Food Security and Research); 3Garden Campus Department of Zoology, Abdul Wali Khan University, Mardan, Pakistan; 4Gomal Centre of Biochemistry and Biotechnology (GCBB), Gomal University, Dera Ismail Khan, Pakistan; 5Garden Campus Department of Chemistry, Abdul Wali Khan University, Mardan, Pakistan; 6ARID University Rawalpindi, Pakistan; 7University of Sargodha, College of Agriculture, Pakistan.

 
*Correspondence | Abdur Rauf, Garden Campus, Department of Botany, Abdul Wali Khan University, Mardan, Pakistan; Email: rauf77@awkum.edu.pk 

ABSTRACT

A trial of Flue-Cured Virginia (FCV) hybrid varieties was evaluated for morphogenetic and disease-resistant characteristics during 2019-2020. It was conducted in a randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replications of seven varieties (PVH-1600, PVH-2275, PVH-2340, PVH-2324, PVH-2329, SPT-G-28, and K-399). The plant height, leaf dimensions, green leaves, cured leaves weight, nicotine, and reduced sugar contents were examined. Analysis showed highly significant differences (P>0.01) among varieties for examined traits. The maximum number of green leaves (28), was produced by PVH-2324 at first picking, while PVH-1600 showed the maximum number of leaves (22), leaf area (1241cm2), green leaves (29.3 Kg) and cured leaves weights per plot (4.6 Kg). Furthermore, PVH-1600 and K-399 showed the maximum mean values for green leaves (0.97 Kg) and cured leaves (0.227 Kg) weights respectively. The tallest plant was identified as PVH-2324 (136.21 cm). Genotype PVH-2329 revealed the maximum amount of reducing sugar (15.83%) compared to other PVH varieties. Moreover, the highest nicotine (2.91 %) content was found in K-399. From the present study, it is concluded that PVH-1600 and PVH-2329 varieties showed the best performance as compared to other promising hybrids for most of the important parameters under study. Therefore, these genotypes are recommended for future cultivation in the agro-climatic conditions of Mardan.

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Pakistan Journal of Weed Science Research

September

Vol. 24, Iss. 3, Pages 187-201

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