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Integrated Pest Management of Guava, Citrus and Mango Fruitflies at Three Districts of Punjab

Integrated Pest Management of Guava, Citrus and Mango Fruitflies at Three Districts of Punjab

Muneer Abbas1*, Dilbar Hussain2, Muhammad Saleem2, Abdul Ghaffar2Sohail Abbas3, Niaz Hussain1 and Abdul Ghaffar1

1Arid Zone Research Institute, Bhakkar
2Entomological Research Institute, Ayub Agricultural Research Institute, Faisalabad
3Department of Entomology, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad

*      Corresponding author: m.abbas1902@gmail.com

ABSTRACT

Fruit fly, Bactrocera zonata and Bactrocera dorsalis (Diptera: Tephritidae) has endangered the trade of Pakistani fruits in foreign markets. Use of IPM is best way to control fruit fly by avoiding harmful insecticidal spray application in order to save natural enemies and environment. Experiment was conducted in three guava, citrus and mango producing districts of Punjab i.e. Faisalabad, Sargodha, Toba Tek Singh with five treatments. Each experimental unit comprised of 1 ha area. Five treatments viz. A=sanitation, B=MAT, C= protein based baits, D= plant extracts and E= A+B+C+D were used during 2015-16. Data of % infested fallen fruits, total flies/trap, total flies captured/year, % fruit punctures, pupal population, % fruit infestation and market value of fruits was collected at regular intervals. Results indicated that when all the components were applied in a combined way they gave significant reduction of fruit losses. As a result of continuous sanitation practices the fruit fall reduced to 10.24, 7.04, and 8.39 % in guava, citrus and mango orchards, respectively during following year in block E. Population peaks were May-July, July-September and July-August in guava, citrus and mango orchards with maximum population 69.06-70.36, 51.0-58.32 and 37.54-43.92/trap, respectively with TFC (total flies captured) reduced during 2nd year. Plant extracts Azadirachta indica and Citrullus colocynthis proved better as they reduced pupal population 14.53 and 10.74, 9.87 and 2.85, 7.20 and 2.27 % in guava, citrus and mango orchards, respectively. Similarly, reduced trend was found in % fruit infestation by 19.41 and 10.29, 15.51 and 10.77, 5.84 and 4.80 % in guava, citrus and mango orchards, respectively after 2nd spray. Maximum % reduction of fruit punctures were found as 14.41, 7.17 and 7.32 in guava, citrus and mango orchards, respectively with combined application of all components. Market value ($) of fruits was maximum in the block having complete IPM package with 15.60, 14.09 and 10.32 % increased value of guava, citrus and mango orchards during following year. 
 

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Pakistan Journal of Zoology

June

Vol. 53, Iss. 3, Pages 801-1200

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