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Incidence of Subclinical Ketosis and Evaluation of Associated Risk Factors in Early Lactating Dairy Buffaloes

Incidence of Subclinical Ketosis and Evaluation of Associated Risk Factors in Early Lactating Dairy Buffaloes

Muhammad Zaeem Abbas1, Khurram Ashfaq1, Amjad Islam Aqib2, Mughees Aizaz Alvi1*, Muhammad Haleem Tayyab1, Muzafar Ghafoor1, Muhammad Usman Naseer3, Ali Abbas4 and Ali Hassan1

1Department of Clinical Medicine and Surgery, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad
2Department of Medicine, Cholistan University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Bahawalpur
3Department of Parasitology, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad
4Veterinary Research Institute, Lahore Cantt, Lahore
* Corresponding author:


Ketosis is a metabolic disorder of dairy animals that appear mostly in the early lactation period of animals. Current study was aimed to estimate occurrence of ketosis and associated risk factors in dairy buffaloes. In this regard, milk and urine samples were individually collected from 96 buffaloes and analysed by Ross Modification of Rothera’s test and Abbott Precision Xtra™ meter to assess the ketone bodies levels. We observed a total of eight out of 96 (8.33%) buffaloes positive for ketosis. The peak prevalence (13.3%) of ketosis was detected during the third week of lactation. Animals with body condition score >4 (15%), buffaloes yielding 18 liter milk in a day (33.3%), buffaloes in 3rd parity (11.1%), and 8-9 years old buffaloes (11.1%) were identified to be at higher risk of ketosis. A significant co-relation was observed between ketosis and milk yield, body condition score and puerperal metritis. Collectively, the animals with high milk yield, in third week of lactation, carrying >4 body condition score, in third parity and aged buffaloes were more prone to ketosis. These results highlight the occurrence of ketosis in buffaloes and offers an action plan to mitigate the risk of ketosis which may result in better production in livestock.


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Pakistan Journal of Zoology


Vol. 54, Iss. 5, Pages 2003-2500


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