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Growth Model of Body Weight and Body Size Traits of Alashan Bactrian Camel (Camelus bactrianus)

PJZ_53_5_1993-1995

Growth Model of Body Weight and Body Size Traits of Alashan Bactrian Camel (Camelus bactrianus)

Junyan Bai1*, Zhihao Dong1, Rentaodi Wu2, Lema Dao2, Di Bao2, Qiang Zhang2, Xinghua Tian3 and Hui Cao1

1College of Animal Science and Technology, Henan University of Science and Technology, Luoyang 471023, China

2Institute of Animal, Alxa of Inner Mongolia, Bayanhaote 750306, China

3School of Life Sciences, Henan Universiry, Kaifeng 475000, China

ABSTRACT

In this study, SPSS software was used to fit five growth models (Logarithmic, Quadratic, Cubic, S, and logistic) of body weight and body size traits of Alashan Bactrian camel. The results showed that the S growth model of body height, body length, chest circumference and tube circumference had the best fitting effect, and the fitting degree was 0.937, 0.982, 0.972 and 0.914, respectively. The S growth models of body height, body length, chest circumference and tube circumference were Y=e(5.219-0.520/X), Y=e(5.140-0.601/X), Y=e(5.473-0.615/X), Y=e(3.006-0.674/X), respectively. The cubic model and S model of the body weight of Alashan Bactrian camel had the best fitting effect (R2 = 0.979, 0.974), the cubic growth model of the body weight of Alashan Bactrian camel was Y=103.083+128.340X-11.138X2+0.325X3, and the S growth model was Y=e(6.491-1.228/X).


Article Information

Received 03 March 2020

Revised 11 April 2020

Accepted 13 April 2020

Available online 19 August 2021

Authors’ Contribution

JB conceived and designed the study and conducted the lab work. ZD and RW analyzed the data and wrote the article. LD, QZ, HC and DB helped in sampling. XT helped in analysis of data.

Key words

Camelus bactrianus, Alashan bactrian camel, Growth models, Body weight, Body size

DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.17582/journal.pjz/20200303230305

* Corresponding author: byezi@163.com

0030-9923/2021/0005-1993 $ 9.00/0

Copyright 2021 Zoological Society of Pakistan



Camels, known as the “boat of the desert”, are mainly divided into single humped and double humped camels. However, the single humped camels are mainly distributed in Sudan, Somalia, India and other countries. On the other hands, approximately half of the double humped camels are distributed in Australia. In China, these camels are mainly distributed in Xinjiang, Gansu and Inner Mongolia. Bactrian camels are important source for livestock products such as meat, milk and fur. Furthermore, they have played a significant role in the human development and desert conquering. In recent years, a great deal of investigations has beem made to assess genetic diversity (Bai et al., 2020) and organization structure (Ye et al., 2014a, b; Wang et al., 2016) of Bactrian camels. Addtionally, epidemiological prevalence of mastitis and the serological detection of neosporia have been confirmed in camel (Aljumaah et al., 2018). Alashan Bactrian camel is an ancient camel species with a long-standing history and are in largest number in China, mainly distributed in Alashan Left Banner and Alashan Right Banner in Inner Mongolia. Since the growth cycle of camel is prolong, and sexual and body maturity are relatively late, the study of weight and body size traits of Alashan Bactrian camel will be helpful to further understand their growth characteristics.

Materials and methods

The data on the male Bacterian camels was mainly acquired from the animal husbandry research of Alxa League from Alxa Left Banner in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. The measurement of traits invovles (i) body weight: The live weight taken with the weighbridge before the camel drunk water; (ii) body height was measured from the base of the front to the rear edge of camel peak to the ground; (iii) body length was attributed to the distance from shoulder to hip (measured with a measuring stick); (iv) chest circumference include a circle around the center of the horny pad at the bottom of the chest from the base of the posterior edge of the front peak (measured with a tape measure) and (v) tube circumference accounted for the upper third part of the tube of the left forelimb, which was formed in a circle (measured with a tape measure). The SPSS software was used to analyze the curve regression of body weight and body size characters to age of Alashan Bactrian camel. The best regression model was selected according to the fitting degree.

 

Table I. Growth curve fitting results of weight and body size characters of Alashan Bactrian Camel.

Traits

Model

Equation

b0

b1

b2

b3

R2

P

F

Body height

Logarithmic

Y=b0+b1 (InX) o+b1×(lnX)

19.796

128.998

0.692

0.000

29.229

Quadratic

Y=b0+b1X+ b2X2

114.564

13.471

-0.684

0.768

0.000

19.904

Cubic

Y=b0+b1X+ b2X2+ b3X3

88.753

30.193

-3.214

0.105

0.900

0.000

32.912

S

Y=e(b0+b1/X)

5.219

-0.520

0.937

0.000

194.159

Logistic

Y=1/(1/u+b0(b1X))

0.007

0.983

0.352

0.020

7.075

Body length

Logarithmic

Y=b0+b1 (InX) o+b1×(lnX)

108.739

22.642

0.856

0.000

77.240

Quadratic

Y=b0+b1X+ b2X2

95.929

13.537

-0.646

0.897

0.000

52.219

Cubic

Y=b0+b1X+ b2X2+ b3X3

80.396

23.601

-2.169

0.063

0.942

0.000

59.468

S

Y=e(b0+b1/X)

5.140

-0.601

0.982

0.000

706.711

Logistic

Y=1/(1/u+b0(b1X))

0.008

0.976

0.511

0.003

13.600

Chest circumference

Logarithmic

Y=b0+b1 (InX) o+b1×(l nX)

146.675

33.982

0.912

0.000

134.323

Quadratic

Y=b0+b1X+ b2X2

134.192

17.509

-0.779

0.889

0.000

47.904

Cubic

Y=b0+b1X+ b2X2+ b3X3

104.462

36.771

-3.694

0.121

0.967

0.000

106.176

S

Y=e(b0+b1/X)

5.473

-0.615

0.972

0.000

492.503

Logistic

Y=1/(1/u+b0(b1X))

0.006

0.974

0.603

0.001

19.776

Body weight

Logarithmic

Y=b0+b1 (InX) o+b1×(l nX)

237.515

152.304

0.951

0.000

251.465

Quadratic

Y=b0+b1X+ b2X2

26.204

7.536

0.458

0.950

0.000

114.660

Cubic

Y=b0+b1X+ b2X2+ b3X3

103.083

128.340

-11.138

0.325

0.979

0.000

172.543

S

Y=e(b0+b1/X)

6.491

-1.228

0.974

0.000

483.325

Logistic

Y=1/(1/u+b0(b1X))

0.003

0.947

0.682

0.000

21.993

Tube circumference

Logarithmic

Y=b0+b1 (InX) o+b1×(l nX)

12.691

2.650

0.685

0.000

28.211

Quadratic

Y=b0+b1X+ b2X2

11.027

1.691

-0.084

0.718

0.001

15.281

Cubic

Y=b0+b1X+ b2X2+ b3X3

7.624

3.896

-0.418

0.014

0.844

0.000

19.856

S

Y=e(b0+b1/X)

3.006

-0.674

0.914

0.000

138.536

Logistic

Y=1/(1/u+b0(b1X))

0.069

0.977

0.367

0.170

7.538

 

Results and discussion

Figure 1 show the fitting results of weight and body size characters of Alashan Bactrian camel under five growth models (Logarithmic, Quadratic, Cubic, S, and logistic). As it is depicted in the Figure 1, the fitting results of body weight, body length, body height, chest circumference and tube circumference were the worst under logistic model.

As outlined in the Table I, the fitting effect of the S growth model of Alashan Bactrian camel body height was the best (R2 = 0.937), and the S growth model was Y=e(5.219-0.520/X), followed by the cubic model with better fitting effect (R2 = 0.900). However, the fitting effect of other models was unsuitable and thus was not considered. The fit effect of S growth model of Alashan Bactrian camel body length was the best (R2 = 0.982), the S growth model was Y=e(5.140-0.601/X), followed by the cubic model with better fitting effect (R2 = 0.942). The fitting effect of additional two models was not ideal.

The fitting effect of S growth model of Alashan Bactrian camel’s chest circumference was the best (R2 = 0.972), the S growth model was Y=e(5.473-0.615/X). The fitting effect of cubic model (R2 = 0.967), and logarithmic model was considerable (R2 = 0.912) whereas the fitting effect of other models is not ideal. In contrast, the fitting effect of S model for the growth of Alashan Bactrian camel tube circumference was the best (R2=0.914), and S model was Y=e(3.006-0.674/X). The fitting effect of additional models was not ideal.

The cubic model and S model of the body weight of Alashan Bactrian camel had the best fitting effect (R2 = 0.979, 0.974). The cubic growth model of the body weight of Alashan Bactrian camel was Y=103.083+128.340X-11.138X2+0.325X3, and the S growth model was Y=e(6.491-1.228/X). The fitting effect of quadratic model and logarithmic model appeared better (R2 = 0.950, 0.951) among all, and logistic model showed the worst corelation (R2 = 0.682).


 

The results of the current study showed that the S growth model of the body weight of Alashan Bactrian camel was similar to that of Feng et al. (2008) who have shown that the S growth model of the body weight of Bactrian camel was Y=e(6.321-2.754/X). However, they have only studied the body weight growth model of Bactrian camel. In our study, not only the body weight growth model of Alashan Bactrian camel was studied, but the growth models of body height, body length, chest circumference and tube circumference of Alashan Bactrian camel were also invstigated. Therefore, finding of the current study provide a comprehensive data to further fuide the breeding of Alashan Bactrian camel in the country.

Acknowledgements

Sincere gratitude goes to the sponsor of Alxa League Science and Technology Project in Inner Mongolia (2012-12).

Statement of conflict of interest

The authors have declared no conflict of interest.

References

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