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Contamination Level of Chromium, Iron, Nickel, Lead and Cobalt in Soil from an Agricultural area of Urmar Bala, Peshawar Pakistan

Contamination Level of Chromium, Iron, Nickel, Lead and Cobalt in Soil from an Agricultural area of Urmar Bala, Peshawar Pakistan

Fazal Wahid1, Arif Ullah Shah1, Muhammad Rahim2*, Fazal Dad1, Nadir Khan1, Saqib Ullah1, Yasir Ali1 and Sayed Ashfaq Ali Shah3

1Department of Chemistry, Government College Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan; 2School of Chemical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 Pulau Penang, Malaysia; 3Department of Chemistry, Government Post Graduate College No.1, Abbottabad, Pakistan.

 
*Correspondence | Muhammad Rahim, School of Chemical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 Pulau Penang, Malaysia; Email: kpk566@gmail.com

ABSTRACT

The contamination level of Chromium (Cr), Iron (Fe), Nickel (Ni), Lead (Pb) and Cobalt (Co) was evaluated in the soil samples of agricultural area of the Urmar Bala, district Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. To solubilize the targeted metals from selected soil samples, a wet digestion procedure was adopted. The targeted metals in selected soil samples were in the ranges of: 1.37-2.00, 28.91-29.50, 1.62-1.82, 1.22-1.179 and 0.07-0.112 mg/kg for Cr, Fe, Ni, Pb and Co, respectively. Increasing order of these heavy metals in soil samples were found as: Plum’s farm soil Co < Cr< Ni < Pb < Fe, Peach’s farm soil as Co < Cr < Pb < Ni < Fe, Tomato’s farm soil as Co < Pb < Cr < Ni < Fe, soil of the ridge gourd farmas Co < Pb < Cr = Ni < Fe, soil of the lady fingers farm as Co < Pb < Ni < Cr < Fe while soil of the wheat farm was found in the order of Co < Cr < Pb < Ni < Fe. The concentration of Fe in all soil sample was found in the maximum ranges while those of Co in the minimum ranges. 

 

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Pakistan Journal of Zoology

August

Vol. 53, Iss. 4, Pages 1201-1601

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