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Colostrum Composition and its Importance to the Health of Animals- A Review

Colostrum Composition and its Importance to the Health of Animals- A Review

Ali Mujtaba Shah1,2,3, Ali Raza Shah3, Muhammad Farooque Hassan2, Muhammad Yousif2, Zhisheng Wang1*

1Animal Nutrition Institute, Key laboratory of bovine low carbon farming and safe production, Sichuan Agricultural University, Ya’an, Sichuan, 625014, P.R. China
2Department of Livestock Production, Shaheed Benazir Bhutto University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Sakrand, 67210 Sindh, Pakistan
3Sindh Agriculture University, Tandojam, Sindh, Pakistan

Corresponding Author: Zhisheng Wang,




Colostrum is the highly nutritious secretion of the mammary glands produced before parturition. It is recommended that neonates must ingest colostrum to develop passive immunity. Regardless of placental structure and transfer of immunity in utero, ingestion of colostrum after birth also confers additional protection by binding to intestinal receptors which could otherwise be bound by bacteria. Moreover, the adequate colostrum reduces neonatal mortality, strengthen immunity and increase animal lifespan. Delaying intake of colostrum in dairy calves causes decreased transport of both immunoglobulins as well as fat-soluble vitamins. In this review, an attempt has been made to study the composition of colostrum, i.e. fat, protein, immunoglobulin, lactose, oligosaccharide, vitamins, minerals, growth factors and nucleotides and its benefits to health of animals.

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Punjab University Journal of Zoology


Vol.38, Iss. 2, Pages 137-236


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