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Causes of Morbidity and Mortality in Wild Animals and Birds at Captive Breeding Facilities of Punjab, Pakistan

Causes of Morbidity and Mortality in Wild Animals and Birds at Captive Breeding Facilities of Punjab, Pakistan

Zahra Hussain, Zulfiqar Ali* and Rida Ahmad

Environmental Health and Wildlife Laboratory, Institute of Zoology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan

 
* Corresponding author: zali.zool@pu.edu.pk, zali.zool@pu.edu.pk

Fig. 1.

Map of selected parks and zoos in Punjab.

Fig. 2.

(A) Prevalence of various diseases and pathological conditions of animals at selected captive breeding sites. (B) Sources of infectious diseases in captive animals. (C) Prevalence of bacterial diseases in captive animals at selected captive breeding sites. (D) Prevalence of diseases caused by viral, protozoal, prion, parasitic or multiple infectious agents.

Fig. 3.

(A) Prevalence of various diseases and pathological conditions of birds at selected captive breeding sites. (B) Sources of infectious diseases in captive birds. (C) Prevalence of bacterial diseases in captive birds. (D) Prevalence of diseases caused by viral, protozoal, fungal, parasitic, or multiple infectious agents.

Pakistan Journal of Zoology

December

Vol. 54, Iss. 6, Pages 2501-3000

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