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Breeding Biology of Reticulitermes aculabialis (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae)

Breeding Biology of Reticulitermes aculabialis (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae)

Haroon1, Chen-Xu Ye1, Yu-Xin Li1, Hong-Xin Zhang1, Qing Liu1, Xiao-Hong Su1,2,3 and Lian-Xi Xing1,2,3,*

1College of Life Sciences, Northwest University, No. 229, North Taibai Rd., Xi’an, Shaanxi Province, 710069, P. R. China
2Shaanxi Key Laboratory for Animal Conservation, Northwest University, Xi’an, Shaanxi Province, 710069, P. R. China
3Key Laboratory of Resource Biology and Biotechnology in Western China, Northwest University, Ministry of Education, Xi’an 710069, P. R. China
 
* Corresponding author: lxxing@nwu.edu.cn

ABSTRACT

Eusocial insects have a diverse mechanism of reproduction to know the termite genealogy, and we examined the Reticulitermes aculabialis breeding mechanism. This well-known species was reared in an artificial environment under darkness at Northwest University, Xian, China, from May 2018 to June 2019. After the inaugural colonies foundation, imagoes started egg-laying during 30-40 days. The hatching ratio increased gradually during the time. The femal+male (FM) worker reproductive (ergatoids) colonies were reported significantly (p<0.005) in egg-laying and chambers making than primary reproductives (imagoes). The morphological measurement shows that the swarmer alates were significantly (p<0.005) extended along with wings, mean live weight of the queen was significantly heavier (p<0.005) than workers but not statistically different mature reproductive queen. The sex ratio of workers was found significantly dominant (p<0.005) among individuals in the colony and busy to find food sources, caring for young termites and eggs, constructing galleries, and helping the soldiers to defend the colony from predators, increases the efficiency of the effectiveness, protection from pathogens and parasites.

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Pakistan Journal of Zoology

December

Vol. 54, Iss. 6, Pages 2501-3000

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