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Effects of Pinus koraiensis Bark Substrate on the Behavioural Responses of Captive Giant Pandas

Effects of Pinus koraiensis Bark Substrate on the Behavioural Responses of Captive Giant Pandas

Ming-Yue Zhang*, Bo Yuan, Xiao-Hui Zhang, James Ayalaand Rong Hou*

Chengdu Research Base of Giant Panda Breeding, Sichuan Key Laboratory of Conservation Biology for Endangered Wildlife, Chengdu, 610081, China

*      Corresponding author: zmy6611@126.com; hourong2000@panda.org.cn

Fig. 1.

Feeding time distribution of adult and juvenile captive giant pandas in different locations. a, b, c, d: Different superscripts indicate significant differences in the feeding times of adult giant pandas between different locations (p<0.01). X, Y, Z, K: Different superscripts indicate significant differences in the feeding times of juvenile giant pandas between different locations (p<0.01). The data are presented as the mean ± SEM.

Fig. 2.

Effects of laying substrate on the state behaviors of adult and juvenile captive giant pandas. The data are presented as the mean ± SEM; * p<0.05; ** p<0.01.

Fig. 3.

Event behavioral performance distribution of adult and juvenile captive giant pandas in different locations. a, b, c, d: Different superscripts indicate significant differences in expressing event behaviors of adult giant pandas between different locations (p<0.01). X, Y, Z: Different superscripts indicate significant differences in expressing event behaviours of juvenile giant pandas between different locations (p<0.01). α, β, γ, δ, ε: Different superscripts indicate significant differences in expressing event behaviors of juvenile giant pandas between different locations (p<0.01). The data are presented as the mean ± SEM; * p<0.05; ** p<0.01.

Fig. 4.

Effects of laying substrate on the playing behavior of juvenile giant pandas. The data are presented as the mean ± SEM; * p<0.05; ** p<0.01.

Fig. 5.

Effects of laying substrate on the stereotypic behavior of adult and juvenile giant pandas. The data are presented as the mean ± SEM; * p<0.05; ** p<0.01.

Pakistan Journal of Zoology

April

Vol. 53, Iss. 2, Pages 401-800

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