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Smallholder Beef Cattle Rearing System and Entreprises in West Sumatra, Indonesia

Smallholder Beef Cattle Rearing System and Entreprises in West Sumatra, Indonesia

Tevina Edwin, Arfa’i*, Olivio Dickresna

Department of Social Economic, Faculty of Animal Scince Andalas, Universitas Andalas, Padang, Sumatera Barat, 25171, Indonesia.

 
*Correspondence | Arfa’i, Department of Social Economic, Faculty of Animal Scince Andalas, Universitas Andalas, Padang, Sumatera Barat, 25171, Indonesi; Email: arfairaufkarimudo@gmail.com

ABSTRACT

Information on livestock rearing by smallholder farmers is needed to see how successful the livestock business is and how much the livestock business contributes to the livestock farmer’s livelihood. We aimed to examine the husbandry system and income of beef cattle enterprises located in Luak Sub-district, Lima Puluh Kota District, West Sumatra Province, Indonesia. We used a total of ninetyseven farmers who agreed to participate in the study. We used survey methodology. Data were collected using questionnaires and interviews. respondents in this study were 97 breeders. The cattle kept were generally Peranakan simental (F1-F4), Pesisir cattle, Bali cattle, and Peranakan Ongole cattle. The feed provided was forage and concentrate with a rate of 10% of the cow’s body weight. Cattle were intensively reared in a semi-permanent housing system. Disease prevention has been done well, especially to handled worm diseases. The average income of farmers from livestock early was only IDR 4,677,545 or IDR 389,795/month. This income does not cover the daily needs of the farmer’s family, and as a result farmers turn to other sources of income. This can reduce the motivation to raise livestock, leading to a decline in the number of farmers and livestock population. The role of the government is needed to overcome the problems by distributing knowledge about good husbandry systems, providing capital to increase the scale of breeders’ businesses, providing good facilities and infrastructure for breeding in the Luak Sub-district. Farmers must focus more on their livestock business and increasing livestock productivity.
 
Keywords | Beef Cattle, Entreprises, Income, Rearing, System

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Advances in Animal and Veterinary Sciences

April

Vol. 12, Iss. 4, pp. 586-801

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