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Prevalence and Associated Risk Factors of Lumpy Skin Disease in Cattle in Barishal District of Bangladesh

Prevalence and Associated Risk Factors of Lumpy Skin Disease in Cattle in Barishal District of Bangladesh

Mollah Mohammad Lalmoddin*, Pal Dipa Rani, Ferdous Jannatul

Department of Medicine, Surgery and Obstetrics, Faculty of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine,  Patuakhali Science and Technology University, Babugonj, Barishal, Bangladesh.

 
*Correspondence | Mollah Mohammad Lalmoddin, Department of Medicine, Surgery and Obstetrics, Faculty of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine,  Patuakhali Science and Technology University, Babugonj, Barishal, Bangladesh; Email: belalcnu6@pstu.ac.bd

ABSTRACT

A study was conducted at Babugonj upazila under the district of Barishal during the period from January, 2022 to October, 2022. In this study, the prevalence and risk factors of lumpy skin disease in cattle population in the study area was determined. A total number of 1390 diseases cases were recorded randomly irrespective of age, sex, breed and season over the study period, among them 325 case were clinically diagnosed as Lumpy Skin Disease. The overall prevalence of Lumpy Skin Disease in cattle was 23.38%. The prevalence of Lumpy Skin Disease was maximum 33.84% at age of 0-6 months, in compared with 20.00%, 32.30%, 13.84% at age category 6-18 months, 18-36 months, > 36 months respectively. The prevalence of Lumpy Skin Disease in the study area in summer (73.84%) season is higher than rainy (26.15%) season. In the field, systemic antibiotics, such as amoxicillin, oxytetracycline and anti-inflammatory, antihistaminic drugs were commonly used as supportive treatment for the disease. Lumpy Skin Disease causes higher morbidity and heavy economic losses in recent years which may be reduced substantially by vaccination, proper surveillance and monitoring, restricted movement of infected and exposed animals. 

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Pakistan Journal of Zoology

February

Pakistan J. Zool., Vol. 56, Iss. 1, pp. 01-501

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