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Prevalence of Fasciolosis in Cattle Farm of Tilottama Municipality, Rupandehi, Nepal

Prevalence of Fasciolosis in Cattle Farm of Tilottama Municipality, Rupandehi, Nepal

Nishim Bhusal1, Bhuwan Raj Bhatt2*, Saroj Shrestha3 and Arjun Chapagain4

1Animal Nutrition, Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science, Tribhuvan University, Kirtipur, Kathmandu, Nepal; 2Faculty of Agriculture, Far Western University, Tikapur, Kailali, Nepal; 3Agribusiness Management, Lambton College, Sarnia, Ontario, Canada; 4Department of Clinical Science, Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science, Tribhuvan University, Kirtipur, Kathmandu, Nepal.

 
*Correspondence | Bhuwan Raj Bhatt, Faculty of Agriculture, Far Western University, Tikapur, Kailali, Nepal; Email: bhattabhuwan33@gmail.com

ABSTRACT

Fasciolosis is a common parasitic disease affecting cattle and other ruminants, commonly sheep, and caused by Fasciola hepatica and F. gigantica. The disease is cosmopolitan in distribution and can cause extensive economic losses to the farmers. A cross-sectional study was conducted to determine the prevalence of fasciolosis in commercial cattle farms of Tilottama Municipality, Rupandehi district, Nepal. A total of 270 fresh faecal samples were collected purposively from the study area with different ages, sex, stage, and breeds for examination (sedimentation method) to visualize eggs of Fasciola microscopically. The obtained data were coded and analysed using Microsoft Excel 2016. The overall prevalence of fasciolosis in cattle was found to be 15.56%. Age and sex-wise prevalence was found to be statistically significant (P<0.05), while stage and breed-wise prevalence was insignificant (P>0.05). Fasciolosis is prevalent moderately among cattle in Tillottoma municipality, which necessitates the study of detailed epidemiology of the disease and effective control strategies to prevent huge economic losses.

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Pakistan Journal of Zoology

February

Vol. 55, Iss. 1, Pages 1-500

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