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Population Dynamics and Forecasting of Cotton Pink Boll Worm (Pectinophora Gossypiella, (Saundars) Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) in Punjab, Pakistan

Population Dynamics and Forecasting of Cotton Pink Boll Worm (Pectinophora Gossypiella, (Saundars) Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) in Punjab, Pakistan

Syed Ismat Hussain1, Khalid Mehmood2, Mudassar Khaliq3, Habib Anwar1, Syed Muhammad Zaka4, Ateeq ur Rehman5*, Muhammad Shahid6, Syed Atif Hasan Naqvi5*, Ummad ud Din Umar5 and Muhammad Asif Zulfiqar7

1Govt. of Punjab, Department of Agriculture, Pest Warning and Quality Control of Pesticides, Punjab, Pakistan; 2University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan, Sub campus Burewala, Pakistan; 3Aridzone Research Institute, Bhakkar, Pakistan; 4Department of Entomology, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, Pakistan; 5Department of Plant Pathology, FAS and T, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, Pakistan; 6Plant Pathology Research Institute, Ayub Agriculture Research Institute, Faisalabad, Pakistan; 7PARC, Research and Training Station, BZU, Multan, Pakistan.

 
*Correspondence | Ateeq ur Rehman and S. Atif H. Naqvi, Department of Plant Pathology, FAS and T, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, Pakistan; Email: ateequrrehman@bzu.edu.pk; atifhasanshah@hotmail.com 

ABSTRACT

Pink boll worm (Pectinophora gossypiella, S. Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) is one of the most destructive pests of cotton. Observations were recorded about pest infestation. Metrological data was collected of each district’s head quarter on daily basis for the year 2017. For accumulation of degree days model, Huber’s method was adopted and data for calculation of generations by accumulating progressive degree days was observed highly significant i.e., P>0.0001. In the present study, the accumulation of degree days for its forecasting was calculated from 1st January by using the metrological data and base line temperature and found 7 generations of pink boll worm to be found in all districts. Data for moths trapped in sex pheromone traps was noted as highly significant i.e., P>0.0001. Peaks of moth catches in 14 districts were observed in the month of September to October while for pest survey P= 2 X 10-16 were highly significant meaning that all variables had significant result in response to ETL. The results by pest survey of pink boll worms in cotton fields depicted that the spots above economic threshold level (AETL) was varying between 0.4% in districts viz., D G Khan and Rajanpur to a maximum of 5.0% in district Vehari. Below economic threshold level (BETL) was varying between 0.4% in districts D G Khan and Rajanpur to a maximum infestation found in district Vehari at 23.1%. The population peaks indicate the overlapping seven generations of pink boll worm out of which 5 active generations were in cotton season giving the thresh hold time of start of emergence of 1st generation and its 50% emergence.

 

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Pakistan Journal of Zoology

October

Vol. 53, Iss. 5, Pages 1603-2000

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