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Phenotype Character of The First Generation (G1) Results of Crossing Elba Chicken With Ternate Village Chicken to Improve The Quality of Local Chicken

Phenotype Character of The First Generation (G1) Results of Crossing Elba Chicken With Ternate Village Chicken to Improve The Quality of Local Chicken

Sariffudin Fatmona*, Abdurahman Hoda, Sri Utami 

Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Khairun Jalan H. Yusuf Abdul, Kampus 2 Universitas Khairun, Gambesi, South Ternate, North Maluku, Indonesia.

*Correspondence | Sariffudin Fatmona, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Khairun Jalan H. Yusuf Abdul, Kampus 2 Universitas Khairun, Gambesi, South Ternate, North Maluku, Indonesia; Email: sariffudinunkhair2002@gmail.com  

ABSTRACT

This research aims to form a new family of superior local chickens typical of Ternate City. This research was carried out by crossing chickens resulting from crossing (F1) Elba laying hens with male Bangkok RB chickens with chickens resulting from crossing (F1) Bangkok and female BK Kampung reciprocally. Chickens resulting from this cross are placed in colonies based on age and gender. The parameters measured are the phenotypic characters of the cross. Then the data was analyzed using the variance test. The results showed that body weight, Shank Circumference, Shank Length, Comb Height, Beak Length, and Pubic Bone Width had significant differences (P<0.05) in size. First-generation crossbreed chickens (G1) have varying male feather colors while the female’s color is predominantly gray. The male’s comb is shaped like a canary and a pea, while the female’s comb is mostly the shape of a canary. The main component variable in G1 chickens is the length of the tibia bone. Cluster analysis based on morphometrics contained three clusters: the first cluster was dominated by G1 chickens, the second cluster contained the third group of chicken types, and the third cluster was dominated by Ternate chickens. 

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Advances in Animal and Veterinary Sciences

August

Vol. 12, Iss. 8, pp. 1410-1621

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