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Medically Important Compounds in Ipomoea carnea Flowers

Medically Important Compounds in Ipomoea carnea Flowers

Arshad Javaid1*, Iqra Haider Khan1, Malik F. H. Ferdosi2, Aneela Anwar3 and Mujahid Manzoor4 

1Department of Plant Pathology, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of the Punjab, Quaid-i-Azam Campus, Lahore 54590, Pakistan; 2Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of the Punjab, Quaid-i-Azam Campus, Lahore 54590, Pakistan; 3Department of Chemistry, University of Engineering and Technology, Lahore, Pakistan; 4Department of Entomology, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of the Punjab, Quaid-i-Azam Campus, Lahore 54590, Pakistan.

 
*Correspondence | Arshad Javaid, Department of Plant Pathology, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of the Punjab, Quaid-i-Azam Campus, Lahore 54590, Pakistan; Email: arshad.iags@pu.edu.pk, arshadjpk@yahoo.com 

ABSTRACT

Ipomoea carnea Jacq. is a medicinally important wild shrubby plant that generally grows at moist places in Pakistan. There are only a few scientific reports on I. carnea especially on phytochemical profile of its flowers. In the present study, flower extract of this plant was analyzed by GC-MS in search of identification of medicinally important constituents. The dried and crushed material of flowers was extracted in analytical grade methanol for one week and after filtration, it was subjected to GC-MS analysis. Major compounds in the flower extract were germacrene D (12.44%), n-hexadecanoic acid (12.15%), and caryophyllene (11.28%). Moderately occurring compounds included docosane (7.68%), 4H-pyran-4-one, 2,3-dihydro-3,5-dihydroxy-6-methyl (6.92%), pentadecane (6.20%), cyclopentanone, dimethylhydrazone (5.93%), dotriacontane (5.91%), humulene (5.82%), octadecanoic acid (4.05%), cis-vaccenic acid (3.72%), heptadecane (3.38%), and heptadecane, 2,6,10,15-tetramethyl- (3.10%). Six compounds with peak areas below 3% were categorized as less abundant. The three major compounds in flower extract of I. carnea possess antioxidant, antimicrobial, anticancer, anti-inflammatory, cytotoxicity, insecticidal and insect repellant properties as reported in the literature. 

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Pakistan Journal of Weed Science Research

September

Vol. 24, Iss. 3, Pages 187-201

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