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Effects on Biodiversity in Climate Change Scenario

Effects on Biodiversity in Climate Change Scenario

Huda Bilal1, Hasnain Raza2*, Kaynat Ahmed2, Iqra Tariq2, Qurat-ul-Ain2, Sana Sarfaraz1, Sanaullah1, Maryam Maqsood3 and Ali Raza3

1Institute of Plant Protection, MNS-University of Agriculture, Multan, Pakistan; 2Department of Soil and Environmental Sciences, MNS-University of Agriculture, Multan, Pakistan; 3Department of Food Science and Technology, MNS-University of Agriculture, Multan, Pakistan.

 
*Correspondence | Hasnain Raza, Department of Soil and Environmental Sciences, MNS-University of Agriculture, Multan, Pakistan; Email: Hasnainraza662@gmail.com

ABSTRACT

Climate changes and subsequent loss of biodiversity are threatening human existence. Due to its significance in ecosystem functioning, biodiversity is very important but difficult to replenish and recover when eroded. A severe threat to the anthropological system was the loss of biodiversity that took place over the planet. Climate change has the opposite effect on habitat fragmentation and contributes to the loss of biological diversity at the habitat, genetic, and species levels in a synergistic way. Land and aquatic biodiversity greatly influenced, some species are exhibiting different responses to these changing climatic factors like behavioral, morphological, phenological, reproductive, and genetic changes. After all these responses there are many species that are endangered and extinct. This review illustrates that climate change is a severe environmental concern that is affecting land (plants, soil, microbes, animals, and arthropods) and aquatic biodiversity (waterbodies, phytoplankton, coral reefs, and fishes) drastically.

 

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Pakistan Journal of Zoology

February

Vol. 54, Iss. 1, Pages 1-501

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