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Effectiveness of Fluralaner in Ticks Infesting Horses (Equus caballus)

Effectiveness of Fluralaner in Ticks Infesting Horses (Equus caballus)

Camilo Romero Núñez1, Galia Sheinberg Waisburd2, Alberto Martin Cordero3, Rafael Heredia Cárdenas1, Laura Miranda Contreras1, Ariadna Flores Ortega4, Linda Guiliana Bautista Gómez5 

1Dermavet Hospital Veterinario, José de la Luz Blanco, Mz. 187, Lt. 33, Col. Santa Martha Acatitla, Ciudad de México; 2Dermatología Especializada, Centro Veterinario México, Calle Cincinnati #22, Benito Juárez, Cd de los Deportes, 03710 Ciudad de México, México; 3VETDERM: Dermatología Veterinaria Especializada, Argentina No. 690, Colonia Moderna, Guadalajara, 44190 Jalisco México; 4Consejo Nacional de Humanidades, Ciencias y Tecnologías CONAHCYT. Estancia Postdoctoral por México. Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México. Centro Universitario UAEM-Amecameca., Km. 2.5 Carretera Amecameca-Ayapango, 56900, Amecameca de Juárez, Estado de México, México; 5Centro Universitario UAEM-Amecameca., Km. 2.5 Carretera Amecameca-Ayapango, 56900, Amecameca de Juárez, Estado de México, México.

*Correspondence | Ariadna Flores Ortega, Consejo Nacional de Humanidades, Ciencias y Tecnologías CONAHCYT. Estancia Postdoctoral por México. Centro Universitario UAEM Amecameca, Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México, Estado de México, México; Email: ariadnafloresortega@gmail.com 

ABSTRACT

In horses, ticks cause a wide range of health and welfare problems; they can cause direct damage such as skin lesions and anemia and indirect problems spreading several infectious diseases, such as papulonodular dermatoses, Lyme disease, and viral encephalitis, or cause parasite-induced abortion. Because of the risk, they represent measures to control their spread, such as restricting global trade and sporting events. Therefore, the efficacy of fluralaner was evaluated against ticks in horses. Horses were treated with fluralaner 25 mg/kg. Most of the ticks were found on the ears (55.63%), the head (23.23%), and the rest of the body (21.12%). Fluralaner appears to provide effective control of ticks for at least 90 days. In this study, with the administration of fluralaner from day 14 after the application, 94% efficacy was observed, and from day 30 until day 90, in addition to ensuring distribution throughout the body without causing discomfort or adverse effects to the horse. 

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Pakistan Journal of Zoology

August

Pakistan J. Zool., Vol. 56, Iss. 4, pp. 1501-2000

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