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Dynamic and Epidemiology of Lassa Fever Infection in West Africa’s Population from 1969 to 2019

Dynamic and Epidemiology of Lassa Fever Infection in West Africa’s Population from 1969 to 2019

Roland Eric Yessinou1*, Alain Richi Kamga Waladjo2, Nestor Noudeke1, Ignace Dramou3, Justin Adinsi1, Victorien Tamègnon Dougnon4, Elsie Yélognisê Sangnidjo5, Razack Osse5, Alfred Dansou6 and Souaïbou Farougou1

1Communicable Disease Research Unit (URMaT), University of Abomey-Calavi, Cotonou, Benin, 01 Po. Box: 2009 Cotonou, Benin; 2Inter-State School of Veterinary Sciences and Medicine of Dakar, Po. Box 5077 Dakar, Senegal; 3Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences,Gamal Abdel Nasser University of Conakry, 01 Po. Box: 1147Conakry,Guinea; 4Research Unit in Applied Microbiology and Pharmacology of Natural Substances, Research Laboratory in Applied Biology, Polytechnic School of Abomey-Calavi, University of Abomey-Calavi, 01 P.O. Box, 2009 Cotonou, Benin; 5University of Abomey-Calavi (UAC), Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences,01 Po. Box: 526 Cotonou, Benin; 6National University of Agriculture, Po. Box: 43 Ketou, Benin.

*Correspondence | Roland Eric Yessinou, Communicable Disease Research Unit (URMaT), University of Abomey-Calavi, Cotonou, Benin, 01 Po. Box: 2009 Cotonou, Benin; Email: eric.yessinou@gmail.com

ABSTRACT

Lassa virus (LASV) is a highly prevalent arenavirus that affects two to three million people in West Africa. A retrospective was conducted review through literatures search using the AGORA, PubMed, Science Direct, Scopus, Researchgate and Google Scholar Databases on Lassa fever (LF) from West Africa. A total of 34 articles were studied from 11 countries. Studies were categorized by host and country, and analysis conducted to determine pooled prevalence estimates for each category Analysis was done using the metaprop command in STATA version 15 and MetaXL software. A total of 18.111 individual samples from 11 countries, described in 34 articles were studied. Analysis of twenty-six studies indicated that the pooled prevalence was 19.0% [95% CI (15.0-23.0 %), I2 = 97.93%]. There was a high level of heterogeneity between studies; however, the high prevalence of LASVwas noted in several countries as Nigeria (12-42%), followed by Sierra Leone (8-43%), and Guinea (9-40%). Pooled prevalence of LASV in human populations in studies conducted over the entire review period was 22.0% [95% CI (17.0-28.0 %), I2 = 98.0%]; eighteen studies), while she was 9.0% [95% CI (4.0-15.0 %), I2 = 97.0%]; eight studies) for Mastomysspp. The knowledge of the geographical distribution and epidemiology may help disease control efforts and limit the risk of transmission, both locally and internationally. This study is also important in order to guide interventions, public health authorities and inform on the evolution of the disease.
 

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Hosts and Viruses

June

Vol. 8, Iss. 3, Pages 1-20

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