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Deleterious Effects of Mercuric Chloride Toxicity Initiated Partially from Physiological Disorder of Kidney, Immunocytes and Redox System, can be Reversed by Resveratrol Administration

Deleterious Effects of Mercuric Chloride Toxicity Initiated Partially from Physiological Disorder of Kidney, Immunocytes and Redox System, can be Reversed by Resveratrol Administration

Rusul Adnan Dawood, Hasan F.K. Alghetaa*

Department of Physiology, Biochemistry and Pharmacology, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq.

 
*Correspondence | Hasan F.K. Alghetaa, Department of Physiology, Biochemistry and Pharmacology, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Baghdad. Baghdad, Iraq; Email: Kashifalkitaa@covm.uobaghdad.edu.iq

ABSTRACT

Abstract | This study is designed to highlight some of the physiological disorders taken place in the renal function, immunological response as well as the ability of the redox system represented by total antioxidant capacity and malondialdehyde levels to combat the toxic exposure of mercuric chloride (HgCl2) with or without collaboration of resveratrol (RES) supplement. Forty-five adult Sprague Dawley, 8-10 weeks old female rats weighing 170-220 g were randomly grouped as following; control group (C) kept without any medication. Dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) used as vehicle to prepare RES treatment was given to D-group. RES administered to R-group. Challenge group of rats (HD) was administered HgCl2. The last group of rats (HR) was given HgCl2 with RES in the same doses mentioned earlier. All treatments lasted for four weeks. At the termination of the experiment, blood samples were collected to evaluate the renal function as well as to evaluate the redox system activity. Furthermore, peritoneal exudate was collected to determine the population of infiltrating cells by using trypan blue dye. Analyzed data revealed that there was renal dysfunction represented by significant (P<0.05) increase in blood urea of HD and HR groups in comparison with control group. Total antioxidants were significantly (P<0.05) higher in the blood of HR group than all others. Moreover, peritoneal exudate showed significant (P<0.05) exacerbation of immunocyte counts in HgCl2-administered groups in comparison with others. However, resveratrol administration to HR group drove the inflammatory cell counts to be significantly (P<0.05) lower than of HD group. Altogether, we can conclude that the resveratrol has the required biological effects to support the body responses against deleterious consequences of mercuric chloride poisoning.
 
Keywords | Nephrotoxicity, Mercuric chloride toxicity, Peritoneal exudate, Resveratrol, Oxidative stress, Herbal medicine, Antioxidants and biochemical indices

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Advances in Animal and Veterinary Sciences

June

Vol. 12, Iss. 6, pp. 994-1205

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