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Comprehensive Review on Recent Developments in the Diagnostics and Vaccines against Peste des Petits Ruminants

Comprehensive Review on Recent Developments in the Diagnostics and Vaccines against Peste des Petits Ruminants

Amitha Reena Gomes1, Belamaranahally Muniveerappa Veeregowda2, Sonnahallipura Munivenkatappa Byregowda1, Vinayagamurthy Balamurugan3*

1Institute of Animal Health and Veterinary Biologicals, KVAFSU, Hebbal, Bengaluru-560024, Karnataka, India; 2Department of Microbiology, Veterinary College, KVAFSU, Hebbal, Bengaluru-560024, Karnataka, India; 3 Indian council of Agricultural Research-National Institute of Veterinary Epidemiology and Disease Informatics (ICAR-NIVEDI), Post Box No. 6450, Yelahanka, Bengaluru-560064, Karnataka, India.



Abstract | Peste des petits ruminants (PPR), a viral disease of goats and sheep caused by a morbillivirus of the family paramyxoviridae is a major threat to small ruminant farming. Global announcement of PPR eradication by 2030 has opened lot of research gaps for the development of vaccines and diagnostics for differentiating infected and vaccinated animals. With the advent of recombinant DNA technology, recombinant protein based vaccines and/or diagnostics are being tested in various heterologous systems across the globe for development of vaccines and/or diagnostic antigens. The recombinant viral proteins, virus like particle based vaccines, bivalent/multivalent vaccines, recombinant viral vectored vaccines, RNA interference as a therapy, suicidal DNAs, synthetic epitopes and peptides, reverse genetics, anti idiotypic antibody based vaccines and helper cell dependent diagnostics represent the present vaccine/diagnostic development strategies for the effective control and eradication of PPR. This review comprehend the current scenario of recombinant technology based vaccines and diagnostics, virus like particles (VLPs), reverse genetics approach etc., in the development of diagnostics and vaccines against PPR.

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Hosts and Viruses


Vol.10, Pages 1-71


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