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Biofortification of Mungbean (Vigna radiata) using Iron- Enriched Organic Amendment

Biofortification of Mungbean (Vigna radiata) using Iron- Enriched Organic Amendment

Umar Farooq1, Muhammad Akmal1, Qadeer Ahmad2, Zahid Akram2, Adnan Arshad3, Huma Qamar4*, Hafeez Ullah5, Muhammad Zubair4 and Muhammad Rizwan Khurshid4

1Department of Soil Science and SWC, PMAS Arid Agriculture University, Rawalpindi, Pakistan; 2Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, PMAS Arid Agriculture University, Rawalpindi, Pakistan; 3College of Resources and Environmental Science, China Agricultural University, Beijing, 100193, China; 4Oilseeds Research Institute, Faisalabad, Pakistan; 5Department of Agronomy, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan.

*Correspondence | Huma Qamar, Oilseeds Research Institute, Faisalabad, Pakistan; Email: 


Iron (Fe) is an essential nutrient in human diet and could be increased by biofortification. A number of human populations are iron deficient which leads to various health issues. This study was conducted to evaluate the potential of iron-enriched organic amendments such as biochar, compost and poultry manure in soil for Fe-biofortification of Mung bean (Vigna radiata). Application of Iron-enriched poultry manure at the rate of 8 mgkg-1 of dry soil weight gave higher Fe concentration (3.32 mgkg-1) in grains. The lowest concentration of Fe found in control treatment (2.15 mgkg-1). The results revealed that various Fe-enriched organic amendments increased crop growth and yield related attributes like number of pods per plant, plant height; seed yield per plant and improved the quality by increasing iron concentration in grains. The pH and electrical conductivity (EC), organic matter and NPK of the soil were also significantly affected through Fe-enriched organic amendments.

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Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Research


Vol.37, Iss. 1, Pages 1-87


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