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Assessing the Early Post-Operative Analgesic Effects of Intra-Operative Lidocaine-Bupivacaine Use at the Incision Line and/or Around the Ovary in Ovariohysterectomy Operations of Dogs on Pain Mediators

Assessing the Early Post-Operative Analgesic Effects of Intra-Operative Lidocaine-Bupivacaine Use at the Incision Line and/or Around the Ovary in Ovariohysterectomy Operations of Dogs on Pain Mediators

Gökhan Ulukan1*, Zeynep Pekcan2, Zülfükar Kadir Sarıtas3, Ilker Etikan4, Serkan Sayıner5, Feride Zabitler6 and Fatma Eser Özgencil1

1Department of Surgery, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Near East University, Nicosia, Turkish Republic of North Cyprus
2Department of Surgery, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Kırıkkale University, Kırıkkale, Turkey
3Department of Surgery, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Afyon Kocatepe University, Afyon, Turkey
4Department of Biostatistics, Faculty of Medicine, Near East University, Nicosia, Turkish Republic of North Cyprus
5Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Near East University, Nicosia, Turkish Republic of North Cyprus
6Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Near East University, Nicosia, Turkish Republic of North Cyprus
 
*      Corresponding author: gokhan.ulukan@neu.edu.tr

Table II.

Periodic changes in the Glasgow composite pain scale short form in each group separately.

*, Friedman’s test; Conover post-hoc test; **, Significantly different periods have completely different letters. Preop, pre-operative; postop, post-operative.
p*<0.001.

Pakistan Journal of Zoology

August

Pakistan J. Zool., Vol. 56, Iss. 4, pp. 1501-2000

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