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A Clinical Survey on the Prevalence and Therapeutics of Reproductive Disorders in Goats in Chattogram, Bangladesh

A Clinical Survey on the Prevalence and Therapeutics of Reproductive Disorders in Goats in Chattogram, Bangladesh

Khadija Begum, Azizunnessa and Md Ahaduzzaman*

Department of Medicine and Surgery, Chattogram Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Khulshi-4225, Chattogram, Bangladesh.

 
*Correspondence | Md Ahaduzzaman, Department of Medicine and Surgery, Chattogram Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Khulshi-4225, Chattogram, Bangladesh; Email: zaman.cvasu@gmail.com

ABSTRACT

In Bangladesh, goats are a commercially important animal that is raised both in urban and rural areas. Although goat farming is profitable, reproductive issues have been identified as a significant factor in the declining profitability of goat farming. The study aimed to investigate the prevalence of reproductive problems in does and how they are currently treated. Relevant data on different gynecological cases in does were collected from the record sheets of a teaching veterinary hospital in Chattogram district from August 2021 to July 2022. Cases were diagnosed through evaluating symptoms, physical examination, and ultrasonography. Descriptive and multivariate statistical analysis was done to study the prevalence and associated risks of different reproductive disorders. Results show that 12.41% (382/3079) reproductive disorders in does were recorded during the study period. The major reproductive disorders were anestrous (72.25%, 276/382), followed by retained placenta (6.8%, 26/382), and repeat breeding syndrome (4.19%, 16/382). Significant variation in prevalence estimates was observed considering the season (P=0.02) but not the age (P=0.59), BCS (P=0.65) or breed (P=0.97) of the animal. Different types of therapeutics were used for the treatment of reproductive disorders in goats, including nutritional supplements (62.68%, 173/276) that were commonly prescribed for treating anestrous. A combination of antibiotics and uterine lavage was predominantly prescribed for treating retained placenta (30.77%, 8/26) while hormonal therapy was predominately prescribed for the treatment of repeat breeding syndrome (56.25%, 9/16). The findings of this study will be useful in understanding the epidemiology, diagnosis, and clinical management of reproductive disorders in goats. 

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Pakistan Journal of Zoology

February

Pakistan J. Zool., Vol. 56, Iss. 1, pp. 01-501

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