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The Gastrointestinal Parasites and Bacteria Community of Sable (Mates zibellina) in Northeastern China

The Gastrointestinal Parasites and Bacteria Community of Sable (Mates zibellina) in Northeastern China

Danyu Zhang1, Ying Liu1, Qinxin Shi1, Zhiwei Peng1, Yan Hua1 and Zhijun Hou1,2,*

1College of Wildlife Resources, Northeast Forestry University, Hexing Road No. 26, Harbin 150040, P.R. China
2Key Laboratory of Wildlife Conservation, China State Forestry Administration, Harbin, P.R. China

*      Corresponding author: houzhijundz@163.com

 

ABSTRACT

The sable was one species of holarctic carnivores and it was mainly in Russia, China, and Japan. There have little information about gastrointestinal parasite and bacterium of the sable, but it was important for its health. Five parasitic species and two hundreds thirty four gut bacteria (genus) of the sable were detected by the saturated NaCl floating and next sequencing methods. The parasites were Capillaria sp., Baylisascaris devosi, Echinochasmus sp., and two Coccidianspecies. The Echinochasmus sp. andtwo Coccidian species were first time found either in sable or in other martens. The 434 genus of bacteria, belong to 30 phylum, the more popular bacteria were Proteobacteria (33.54%), following by Firmicutes (18.58), Acidobacteria (12.82%), Actinobacteria (9.27%), Bacteridetes (5.44%), Crenarchaeota (4.58%), Fusobacteria (2.66%), Verrucomicrobia (2.29%), Gemmatimonadetes (2.18%) and Planctomycetes (1.39%), and they were more than 92.75%. The gut bacteria of the sable have more diversity than Siberian tiger, panda, horse, and human, and it may originate from the more divertible diet of the sable.
 

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Pakistan Journal of Zoology

August

Vol. 50, Iss. 4, Pages 1199-1600

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