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The Bitter Taste Receptor Genes of the Raccoon Dog (Nyctereutes procyonoides)

The Bitter Taste Receptor Genes of the Raccoon Dog (Nyctereutes procyonoides)

Shuai Shang1,2, Honghai Zhang2,*, Xiaoyang Wu2, Qinguo Wei2, Jun Chen1, Huanxin Zhang1, Huaming Zhong2 and Xuexi Tang1,*

1College of Marine Life, Ocean University of China, Qingdao, Shandong, China
2College of Life Science, Qufu Normal University, Qufu, Shandong, China

*      Corresponding authors:;


Fig. 1.

The divergence time and difference in 11 Tas2r genes of 15 mammals. The phylogenetic relationships of these 15 mammals were assessed using TimeTree v3.0 (, last accessed September 8, 2017). Circles mean intact genes; square mean pseudogenes; NR means no record.

Fig. 2.

Phylogenetic Analysis of Tas2r genes from 15 mammals. 146 amino acid sequences were involved in the phylogenetic analysis. The evolutionary history was inferred using the Neighbor-Joining method with the model Jones-Taylor-Thornton (JTT) + Gamma Distributed (G). Different species were marked in different colors.

Fig. 3.

Predicted transmembrane domains of Tas2r10 and Tas2r67. The predicted transmembrane domains of Tas2r10 (A) and Tas2r67 (B). The red lines mean the transmembrane region; the pink lines mean the outside region; the blue lines mean the inside region.

Pakistan Journal of Zoology


Vol. 51, Iss. 1, Pages 1-398


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