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Cystic Urolithiasis in Dogs: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

Cystic Urolithiasis in Dogs: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

Chandrakala Rana1*, Deepak Subedi1*, Shanti Kunwar1, Rajesh Neupane1, Birendra Shrestha2, Khan Sharun3, Dinesh Kumar Singh4 and Krishna Kaphle2

1Paklihawa Campus, Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science, Tribhuvan University, Rupandehi, 32900, Nepal; 2Veterinary Teaching Hospital, Paklihawa Campus, Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science, Tribhuvan University, Rupandehi, 32900, Nepal; 3Division of Surgery, ICAR-Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh, 243122, India;4Director, Adjunct Professor, Department of Veterinary Pathology and Clinics, Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science, Tribhuvan University, Rupandehi, 32900, Nepal.

 
*Correspondence | Chandrakala Rana and Deepak Subedi, Paklihawa Campus, Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science, Tribhuvan University, Rupandehi, 32900, Nepal; Email: chandrakalarana12@gmail.com, subedideepu26@gmail.com

Figure 1:
Abdominal radiograph (lateral) showing large uroliths inside the urinary bladder of the dog.
Figure 2:

Hyperechoic focal echogenicity (arrows) creating distal acoustic shadow (arrowheads) in the dependent portion of the bladder, confirming the presence of cystic calculus.

Figure 3:

Image showing the steps of cystotomy in a dog. Distended bladder incised at the base of the bladder (a), Bladder distended with calculi (b), Removed three bladder calculi (c), Inserting catheter from bladder to urethral opening (d), Double-layer suturing of the bladder (e), Skin closure by simple interrupted pattern (f).

Figure 4:

Steps involved in lithogenesis (supersaturation, nucleation, crystal growth, and aggregation irrespective of crystal nature) (Espinosa-Ortiz et al., 2018). 

Veterinary Sciences: Research and Reviews

June

Vol. 8, Iss. 1, Pages 1-70

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