Advances in Animal and Veterinary Sciences

Research Article
Adv. Anim. Vet. Sci. 4(12): 642-647

Haemato-Biochemical Profile and Milk Leukocyte Count in Subclinical and Clinical Mastitis Affected Buffaloes

Sarvesha Krishnappa, Mayasandra Lakshmikanth Satyanarayana, Hogalagere Doddappaiah Narayanaswamy, Suguna Rao1, Sreenivasa Yathiraj, Shrikrishna Isloor, Shivalingappa Yamanappa Mukartal, Saurabh Gupta, Shoor Vir Singh, Anuradha Menon Elattuvalappil, Kuldeep Dhama, Srikanth Mallaiah 

1Department of Pathology; 2Department of Veterinary Microbiology; 3Veterinary College, Hebbal, Karnataka Veterinary Animal and Fisheries Sciences University (KVAFSU), Bengaluru-560024; 4Division of Animal Health, Central Institute for Research on Goats (CIRG), Makhdoom, PO-Farah, Mathura-281122, Uttar Pradesh, India; 5Division of Pathology, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh, India.
Abstract | The study was conducted to determine the effect of subclinical mastitis (SCM) and clinical mastitis (CM) on haemato-biochemical parameters and milk leukocyte count of buffaloes. Milk and blood samples were collected from 20 healthy, 101 SCM and 15 CM affected buffaloes from Kolar and Chikkaballapur districts of Karnataka state, India. Haematology revealed significantly (P<0.05) higher average values of TLC in mastitis infected than healthy animals. Significantly (P< 0.05) lower average values of TEC, Hb and PCV were observed in SCM infected animals, however no significant (P>0.05) change were observed in values of CM infected than healthy animals. Biochemical estimation revealed significantly (P< 0.05) higher average values of Ca, Na and Mg in mastitis infected compared with healthy animals however, no significant (P> 0.05) change was observed in ALT levels. TP, K, P and Cl values were significantly (P<0.05) decreased and AST values were significantly increased in SCM infected compared to healthy animals. Total milk leukocytes and neutrophils were significantly (P<0.05) higher, while lymphocytes and macrophages population were significantly lower in mastitis infected animals. Changes in the haemato-biochemical parameters and milk leukocyte count are important indicators of the disturbed physiological or pathological state (mastitis) of the animals.

Keywords | Mastitis, TLC, Lymphocytes, Neutrophils, AST


Pakistan Journal of Zoology


Pakistan J. Zool., Vol. 55, Iss. 5, pp. 2001-2500


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